Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 127 (2010)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Benin to S. Tropical Africa. It is an annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre

Extinct in:

Jawa

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Amur, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Florida, Gambia, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Mali, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Niger, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps. Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].

Kew Species Profiles

  • Beentje, H. (2010). The Kew Plant Glossary: an Illustrated Dictionary of Plant Terms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brink, M. & Belay, G. (2006). Cereals and Pulses: Volume 1 of Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. PROTA.
  • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
  • Mabberley, D.J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses. Third edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2008). Seed Information Database (SID). Version 7.1.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
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  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
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  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8639] Nepal Setaria glauca K001131075 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131076 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8639] Nepal Setaria glauca K001131074 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131068 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] India Setaria glauca K001131072 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Bangladesh Setaria glauca K001131071 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131070 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131073 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131069 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131066 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131067 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131065 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8639] Setaria glauca K001131077 Unknown Type Material Yes
May 1, 1998 Cable, S.; Sui, A. [3013] Cameroon Pennisetum glaucum K001422540 Yes
Schimper [1811] Ethiopia Pennisetum glaucum K000281150 Unknown Type Material Yes
[Porager, H.P.] [s.n.] Pennisetum glaucum K001056162 Unknown Type Material Yes
Quartin-Dillon; Petit [186] Ethiopia Pennisetum glaucum K000281149 Type Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8644] Penicillaria spicata K001131103 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8644] Penicillaria spicata K001131105 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8644] Penicillaria spicata K001131106 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8644] India Penicillaria spicata K001131104 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0