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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Sudan and Zimbabwe.
ILYSANTHES GRACILIS Skan (SCROPHULARIACEAE)

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect slender herb 3-6 in. high, simple or freely branched
Morphology Leaves
Leaves purple beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower pink and white or lilac
Ecology
In moist pockets in rock outcrops.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual or perennial, 5–7(14) cm. tall, minutely glandular-pubescent to subglabrous; stems quadrangular, simple or branched usually above, branches ascending.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–10(14) x 0.5–3(5) mm., oblong-linear to lanceolate-oblong, obtuse, entire to shallowly crenate-dentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in axils of upper leaves, opposite, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 4–10 mm. long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2.25–5 mm. long, glabrous to minutely glandular-pubescent; lobes 0.5–1.2(2) mm. long, unequal, ovate-lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, lilac-blue or violet to white, 7–11.5 mm. long; upper lip bifid with short acute lobes, lower lip with subcircular lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens two, fertile, filaments up to 1.25 mm. long, anthers 0.8–1 mm. long; staminodes two, 1–1.5 mm. long, broadly gibbous with short filaments, somewhat reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (3.5)5.5–6(9) x 1–1.5 mm., oblong-linear in outline, valves markedly divergent when ripe.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Linderniella gracilis (Skan) Eb.Fisch., Schäferh. & Kai Müll. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [4419] Ilysanthes gracilis 35025.000
Bidgood, S. [5123], Tanzania Lindernia exilis K000190351
Bidgood, S. [6010], Tanzania Lindernia exilis K000468415

First published in Willdenowia 43: 227 (2013)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0