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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.


Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type: Congo-Kinshasa, Kabango, Bequaert 6143 (BR, holo.; K!, photo)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, up to 30 cm tall, branched from base.
Morphology Stem
Stems up to 40 cm long, slender, trailing, subquadrangular, patent hispid, especially on angles, becoming subglabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate or subelliptic, 12–35(–40) mm long, 8–30 mm wide, subsesssile or shortly petiolate, base cordate, apex obtuse or rounded, margins finely serrate or shallowly crenate, generally appressed finely hispid above to rarely subglabrous, hispid beneath mainly on major veins, ciliolate, 3–5-veined from base, veins prominent; petioles (0–)2–3(–7) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in axillary inflorescence of 3–5(–7) flowers or solitary in axils of leaf-like bracts, shortly pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves but much smaller, ± 5–7 mm long, (1.5–)3–4.5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle where present 10–35(–48) mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long, erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx funnelshaped, 4.5–6 mm long, accrescent to 8 mm in fruit, strongly 5-ribbed, glabrous except shortly hispid on ribs; teeth subtriangular, 1.5–2 mm long, 2–3.5 mm long in fruit, ciliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink through pinkish blue to blue or blue purple; tube 5–6 mm long, upper lip ± 3 mm long, emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, fertile; anterior filaments geniculate towards base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ellipsoid, 13–17 mm long, acute.
In open country on grassy banks, paths and roadsides, edges of swamps, streamsides in wet forests; 1200– 2400 m
Least Concern (LC)
It may be of interest to note, that of all the material of this species seen for this work, that from Uganda, without exception, is represented by the smallest measurements given above and being a much more compact plant.
Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia Flora districts: U2 U4 T1 T6 T7

None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Vandellia subracemosa (De Wild.) Eb.Fisch., Schäferh. & Kai Müll. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2010 Mwangoka, M.A. [4531], Tanzania Lindernia subracemosa K000545999
Oct 1, 2009 Luke, Q. et al. [6534], Tanzania Lindernia subracemosa K000191337
Oct 1, 2009 Luke, W.R.Q. et al. [8026], Tanzania Lindernia subracemosa K000191338
Watermeyer, A.M. [84], Tanzania Lindernia subracemosa 2574.000
Polhill, R. [1821], Tanzania Lindernia subracemosa 27066.000

First published in Willdenowia 43: 235 (2013)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.