Blighia welwitschii (Hiern) Radlk.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and N. Angola.

[FWTA]

Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A forest tree, to 150 ft. high, with cylindrical bole
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish-white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits yellowish red with 3 shining black seeds, each with a large yellow aril.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious tree 20–25(–35) m. tall, with grey bark showing small reticulate fissures or thin, smooth, hard and flaking; slash orange and yellow-brown mottled with scattered white pock marks; young twigs orange-pubescent but soon glabrescent and dark brown.
Morphology Leaves
Petiole up to 16 cm. long, flattened, narrowly winged; rhachis 4–15 cm. long; leaflets olive-green, in 2–4 pairs, narrowly elliptic to oblong-elliptic, the uppermost 8–40 cm. long, 3.5–10 cm. wide, with lower pairs becoming smaller with lowermost as little as half the size, shortly and bluntly acuminate at the apex, sometimes asymmetric at the base, glabrous apart from scattered hairs on the undersides of the veins; midrib impressed above, prominent beneath; lateral nerves in 7–10(–20) pairs, curving and sometimes joining inside the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence-axis 3–10 cm. long; flowers in small groups or single; pedicels 5–8(–10 in fruit) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals joined for 1/4 of their length, lobes 2 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals rhomboid, 5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, the scale equal to and joined to it to form a funnel-shaped compound petal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7–8; filaments hairy in the lower part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3-lobed; style entire, equalling the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule reddish or bright red, turbinate, 3–4-angled and -locular, up to 5.5–6(–8) cm. long, glabrous; endocarp creamy-velvety-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black or dark brown, 2.5 cm. long, 1.5 cm. wide; aril up to 2 cm. long.
Habitat
Closed forest; 1050–1150 m.
Distribution
U2 U4

Doubtfully present in:

Sudan

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zaïre

Blighia welwitschii (Hiern) Radlk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5260], Cameroon K000339723 No
Jul 7, 1955 Aubréville [176], Côte d'Ivoire K000426412 Unknown type material Yes
Jul 7, 1955 Aubréville [176], Côte d'Ivoire K000426411 Unknown type material Yes
Latilo, M. [8842], Nigeria 16419.000 No
Fay, J.M. [8427], Central African Republic 55645.000 No
Olorunfemi, J. [FHI 30685], Cameroon K000093365 No

First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 165: 1146 (1933)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Wilczek in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 21: 155, fig. 40, q.v. for synonymy.
  • in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 1146 (1933)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fouilloy & Hallé in Fl. Cameroun 16: 183 (1973)
  • Fouilloy & Hallé in Fl. Gabon 23: 183, fig. 3, t. 43/1–7 (1973).
  • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 223, fig. 415 (1981).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 315 (1960).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 722 (1958).
  • R. Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 21: 155, fig. 40 (1951).
  • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 1146 (1933).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0