Genus:
Buchnera L.

Buchnera leptostachya Benth.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Lectotype: West Africa, Senegal [Senegambia], 1838, Guillemin s.n. (K!, chosen here)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, 40–50 cm tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, simple or branched from middle or above, subglabrous to minutely and finely appressed, antrorse hispid-pubescent, sometimes scabrid; branches ascending, not widely spreading
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or occasionally alternate; upper linear-oblong to linear, 27–35(–50) mm long, 3–4(–8) mm wide, apex obtuse or acute, shortly hispid-scabrid to scabrid, 1-veined; lower and basal leaves elliptic, oblong or obovate, 20–75 mm long, 4–12(–25) mm wide, base mostly narrowing into a short petiole, margins entire to crenate, indumentum as for upper leaves, 1–3-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of long, slender, laxlyflowered spikes 7–25(–35) cm long; flowers almost opposite above, alternate below, subappressed, somewhat imbricate until fruiting; pedicels 0.5–1 mm long; bracts ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–3 mm long, ± 1 mm wide, concave, acute to acuminate, sparsely hairy to glabrous except on margins; bracteoles linear to linear-lanceolate, 1.5–3 mm long, 0.3–0.8 mm wide, indumentum as for bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, 4.5–6.5 mm long, 10-veined, sparsely short hispid-strigose on veins and lobes; lobes narrowly- to linear-triangular, 1–1.5 mm long, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink, purplish-blue to white; tube 5.5–6.5 mm long, glabrous; limb up to 5.5 mm in diameter; lobes obovate, 1.5–3 mm long, 0.5–2 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule narrowly oblong, 4.5–6 mm long, 1.8 mm broad, shortly apiculate.
Ecology
In wet grasslands, swamps and coastal bush, frequently with high salinity; 0–1700 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Note
Two specimens are cited in the protologue: West Africa, Senegal [Senegambia], 1838, Guillemin s.n. & and Pemba, Bojer s.n.; I (S.A.G.) have not been able to trace the latter, and have therefore chosen the former housed at K as the lectotype.
Distribution
Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, widespread in West Africa Flora districts: U4 K4 K7 T3 T 6?P

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, 40–50 cm. tall, erect; stems simple or branched from middle or above, terete, subglabrous to minutely, finely appressed, antrorse hispid-pubescent, sometimes scabrid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or occasionally alternate; upper 27–35(50) x 3–4(8) mm., linear-oblong to linear, obtuse or acute, shortly hispid-scabrid to scabrid, 1-nerved; lower leaves 20–75 x 4–12(25) mm., elliptic, oblong or obovate, 1–3-nerved, entire to crenate, indumentum as for upper.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of long, slender, laxly-flowered spikes 7–25 cm. long; flowers shortly pedicellate on pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long, almost opposite above, alternate below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2.5–3 x c. 1 mm., ovate to ovate-lanceolate, concave, acute to acuminate, sparsely hairy to glabrous except on margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 1.5–3 x 0.3–0.75 mm., linear to linear-lanceolate, indumentum as for bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4.5–6.5 mm. long, 5-lobed, 10-nerved, sparsely short hispid-strigose on nerves and lobes; lobes 1–1.5 mm. long, narrowly- to linear-triangular, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink, purplish-blue to white; tube 5.5–6.5 mm. long, glabrous; limb up to 5.5 mm. in diam.; 1.5–3 x 0.5–2 mm., obovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4.5–6 x 1.75 mm., broad, narrowly oblong in outline, shortly apiculate.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect slender-branched herb, stem 1-2 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
From a rosette of leaves, leaf-veins sometimes tinged purple beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mauve or occasionally white
Ecology
Roadsides and moist places
Note
Drying black.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Buchnera leptostachya Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2000 Gosline, G. [203], Cameroon K000339178 No
Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4562], Cameroon K000339179 No
Feb 1, 2000 de Marco, J. [17], Cameroon 76127.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [2015], Cameroon K000028779 No
Guillemin [7], Senegal K000379701 Yes
Keay, R.W.J. [37505], Cameroon K000028778 No
unknown [613], Senegal K000379700 Yes

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 497 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 69.
  • Chev. Bot. 476
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 394
  • in DC. Prod. 10: 497 (1846)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • DC., Prodr. 10: 497 (1846)
  • F.T.A. 4(2): 394 (1906), excl. B. mossambicensis var. usafuensis Engl.
  • F.W.T.A. ed.2, 2: 369 (1963)
  • F.Z. 8(2): 115 (1990).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0