Genus:
Struthiola L.

Struthiola rhodesiana B.Peterson

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type:Zimbabwe, Nyanga Distr., Mare R., 1800 m, fl. & fr. 21.x.1946, Wild 1449 (K, holotype; BR; LD; PRE; SRGH).
Morphology General Habit
Small shrub or undershrub, 15–60 cm high, moderately branched Small shrub or undershrub, 15–60 cm high, moderately branched.
Morphology Branches
Branches usually decumbent, slender, tetragonal or terete with prominent leaf-scars, glabrous, sometimes with small tufts of hairs below the insertion of the leaves Branches usually decumbent, slender, tetragonal or terete with prominent leaf-scars, glabrous, sometimes with small tufts of hairs below the insertion of the leaves.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina (3)5–7(9) × 1–1.2 mm, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, usually striate Lamina (3)5–7(9) × 1–1.2 mm, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, usually striate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles (2)3–4.5 mm long, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, sparsely ciliate Bracteoles (2)3–4.5 mm long, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, sparsely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, yellow, pink or reddish, with a whorl of hairs at the base Flowers greenish-white, yellow, pink or reddish, with a whorl of hairs at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube (5)6–8(9) mm long, glabrous; lobes cuneate-lanceolate, the outer c. 2 × 0.5–0.8 mm, the inner c. 1.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, glabrous Calyx tube (5)6–8(9) mm long, glabrous; lobes cuneate-lanceolate, the outer c. 2 × 0.5–0.8 mm, the inner c. 1.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 8, fleshy, c. 0.5 mm long, narrow oblong, reddish, the surrounding hairs slightly longer Petals 8, fleshy, c. 0.5 mm long, narrow oblong, reddish, the surrounding hairs slightly longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers nearly sessile, c. 1 mm long, introrse, included; pollen c. 20 m in diameter Anthers nearly sessile, c. 1 mm long, introrse, included; pollen c. 20 m in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, glabrous; disk cupuliform, membranous; style a little shorter than the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed c. 2 mm long. Seed c. 2 mm long.
Ecology
In mountain grassland, amongst rocks, and by streams; 1500–2200 m.
Note
Struthiola rhodesiana is closely allied to S. parviflora Bartl. ex Meisn. in South Africa (Swellendam to Stutterheim) but is distinguished from it by the glabrous branchlets, leaves without ciliate margins, and the lack of tufts of hair on the outer calyx lobes.
Distribution
ZIM E Known only from the eastern border area of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, glabrous; disk cupuliform, membranous; style a little shorter than the tube.

Native to:

Zimbabwe

Struthiola rhodesiana B.Peterson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wild, H. [1449], Zimbabwe K000322684 holotype Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 13: 319 (1958)

Accepted by

  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Not. 111: 629 (1958). TAB. 23.
  • Kew Bull. 13: 319 (1958)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0