Xyris makuensis N.E.Br.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Malawi to N. Central Mozambique (Gúruè Mountains).

[FTEA]

Xyridaceae, J. M. Lock, M.A., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Perennial forming clumps; rhizomes sometimes present, upright or ascending.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–18 cm. long, 1 mm. wide; sheaths pale brown, smooth, glabrous, gradually tapered to the apex; ligule absent; lamina flattened, glabrous, smooth or with minutely denticulate margins; apex solid, acute, sometimes incurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncle 10–26 cm. long, smooth, terete, weakly 2-ridged above; spike ellipsoid, 5–6 mm. long; bracts dark brown, with an almost black midrib forming a keel towards the apex and excurrent as a mucro; lowest sterile bracts elliptic, ± 2.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; upper sterile bracts elliptic, 3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide; fertile bracts 4.5 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Lateral sepals slightly curved, ± 5.2 mm. long, 1 mm. wide; pale brown, keel entire, very dark, particularly towards the apex; corolla-lobes suborbicular, ± 4.5 mm. in diameter, apex (?always) dentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments ± 1 mm. long; anthers 1.5 mm. long; staminodes much-branched, forming dense tufts of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid, ± 3 mm. long; style 5.5 mm. long in total, branches 2.5 mm. long; stigmas peltate, many-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 0.6–0.7 mm. long, with ± 12 longitudinal ridges.
Habitat
Upland grassland and marsh
Distribution
T5

Native to:

Malawi, Mozambique

Xyris makuensis N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
McClounie, J. [999], Malawi K000049263 No
Brass, L.J. [16517], Malawi K000049262 No
Wild, H [6179], Malawi K000049258 No
Robinson, E.A. [5329], Malawi K000049257 No
Chapman, J.D. [5961], Malawi K000049256 No
Chapman, J.D. [8041], Malawi K000049255 Yes
Chapman, J.D. [9457], Malawi K000049254 No
Purves, J.M. [83], Malawi K000049264 No
Brass, L.J. [16849], Malawi K000049266 No
Harris, T. [253], Mozambique K000613328 No
Brummitt, R.K. [9715], Malawi K000049259 No
Patel, H. [7327], Mozambique K000613589 No
Brummitt, R.K. [12325], Malawi K000049260 No
Pawek, J. [3850], Malawi K000049261 No
Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K000049267 Unknown type material Yes
Purves, J.M. [83], Malawi K000049265 No

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 17 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Malme in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 304 (1912).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 8: 17 (1902).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0