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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used as boundry barrier support, a poison and a medicine.
Asclepias curassavica (Apocynaceae (Asclepiadoideae))

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Short-lived perennial herb with a single stem arising from fibrous rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, 0.5–2 m, simple or branched, young shoots minutely pubescent, becoming glabrous with age; interpetiolar line often prominent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 5–15 mm long, glabrous or minutely puberulent; lamina narrowly oblong, 6–13 × 1–3 cm, apex attenuate, base narrowly cuneate, subglabrous except for the minutely puberulous midrib and margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences extra-axillary, umbelliform with (3–)5–10 flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles (2–)3–5 cm long, glabrous or minutely puberulent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts filiform, 1–2 mm long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–1.5 cm long, glabrous or minutely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly oblong to triangular, 2–2.5 × 0.5–1 mm, acute, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly reflexed, bright red; lobes narrowly obovate, 6–7 × 2–3 mm, acute, glabrous or minutely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegial stipe slender, 1.5–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes orange or yellow, arising at the top of the gynostegial stipe, 3–4 × 1.5 mm, ± 1.5 times the height of the column, somewhat fleshy and semi-cylindrical, not strongly compressed, a falcate tooth ± 2 mm long arising from the cavity of the lobe and arching over the head of the column
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings 1.8 mm long, the margin slightly convex, and with a minute notch at the base of the guide rail; corpusculum brown, ovoid, ± 0.3 × 0.15 mm; translator arms ± 0.4 mm long, slender, geniculate near attachment to pollinia.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia oblanceolate, ± 0.9 × 0.3 mm, strongly flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Stylar head ± flat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicle erect on erect pedicel, 6–7 × 1 cm, fusiform and tapering towards both towards the base and apex, smooth, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds broadly ovate, ± 5 × 3.5 mm, flattened, with a marginal rim ± 1 mm wide, smooth or verrucose sparsely; coma ± 2.5 cm long.
Ecology
Moist forest or grassland; 0–1800 m
Distribution
Range: Pantropical weed, native to the neotropics, cultivated and naturalised widely in Old World tropics Flora districts: U2 K7 T3 T7 Z

[KBu]

Goyder, D.J. (2009). A synopsis of Asclepias (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae) in tropical Africa. Kew Bulletin 64: 369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9133-3

Conservation
Least Concern (LC).
Distribution
A pantropical weed. Native and widespread across the neotropics, cultivated and naturalised widely in Old World tropics.
Ecology
Moist areas.
Type
Curaçao, Linn. Herb. 310: 19 (lectotype LINN, designated by Woodson 1954: 59 (see also Jarvis 2007: 321)).

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2700 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2700 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.

[FWTA]

Asclepiadaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect, shrubby herb up to 5 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbelliform inflorescences of flowers scarlet reflexed corolla-lobes and yellow corona.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Bencenuco, Cimarrona, Flor de seda, Guajuro, Jalapa, Lombricera, Malcasada, Milkweed, Niñomuerto, Quebrajo, Quebra-rojo, Quiebrajo, Rejalgar

[UPB]
Use Environmental Boundary Barrier Support Plants
Live plant (in situ) - Used as a boundary plant for crops (Granados-Tochoy et al. 2007).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Other Materials
Seeds - Used in embroidery (Pérez Arbeláez 1996).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Circulatory System Disorders
Flowers - Used as a hemostatic (García Barriga 1975).
Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Aerial parts used in a decoction (Pérez Arbeláez 1996). 'Roots' - Dried roots are used to induce vomiting (García Barriga 1975).
Use Medicines Infections & Infestations
Exudates - Used as an anthelmintic (Pérez Arbeláez 1996). Flowers - Used in folk medicine (García Barriga 1975).
Use Medicines Pain
Exudates - Used to alleviate toothache (Pérez Arbeláez 1996).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
Use Poisons
Poisons (Pérez Arbeláez 1996).

Native to:

Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Iraq, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Milkweed
Spanish
Bencenuco, niño muerto, mal casada, quiebra ojo, platanillo, rejalgar, guajuro, lombricera, jalapa, quebrajo, quebra-rojo, quiebrajo, cimarrona, flor de seda.

Asclepias curassavica L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Henicka, G.S. [268], Mato Grosso K000652671
Mar 1, 2009 Ramadhanil et al. [274], Sulawesi K000229989
Mar 1, 2009 Barbon et al. [8330], Philippines K000229994
Mar 1, 2009 Garcia [18064], Philippines K000463847
Mar 1, 2009 Reynoso et al. [7775], Philippines K000463848
Mar 1, 2009 Ismail [BRF 1691], Kalimantan K000463849
Feb 1, 2009 Gregson [142], Malaysia K000610287
Feb 1, 2009 George, M. [123947], Malaysia K000610290
Apr 25, 2005 Lemos, J.R. [263], Brazil K001060864
Nov 1, 1997 Damineli, E.G. [s.n.], Brazil K000095042
Jun 8, 1995 Menezes, E. [71], Brazil K000095036
Oct 1, 1988 Williams, L.O. [8036], Brazil K000095035
Jan 1, 1983 Harley, R.M. [19483], Brazil K000095045
Jan 1, 1976 Prance, G.T. [16736], Brazil K000095033
Jan 1, 1975 Irwin, H.S. [7488], Brazil K000095032
Jan 1, 1973 Anderson, W.R. [37153], Brazil K000095031
Jan 1, 1961 Fonseca, C.G. [22], Brazil K000095027
Jan 1, 1926 Dusén, P. [14187], Brazil K000095054
Brower, L.P. ["C"], Uganda 30195.000
s.coll. [s.n.] 33291.000
Leach, L.C. [1470], Angola 33504.000
Hinton, G.B. [10007], Guerrero K000465479
Hinton, G.B. [426], México State K000465484
Hinton, G.B. [288], Mexico K000465487
Hinton, G.B. [565], Mexico K000465488
Secco, R.S. [335], Brazil K000095038
Harley, R.M. [19997], Brazil K000095046
Silva, M.B. [39], Brazil K000095048
Gillivray, J.M. [319], Brazil K000095056
Gillivray, J.M. [319/B], Brazil K000095059
Colchester [s.n.], Brazil K000095060
Burchell [1575], Brazil K000095057
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8253] K001125047
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8253] K001125046
Glaziou [12960], Brazil K000095063
Freire, G.V. [48], Brazil K000095034
Ribeiro, B.G.S. [2109], Brazil K000095043
Hinton, G.B. [5657], Guerrero K000465486
Lima, L. [230], Brazil K000095047
Hilaire, A.St. [s.n.], Brazil K000095064
Hinton, G.B. [7133], México State K000465483
Harley, R.M. [17448], Brazil K000095044
Mexia, Y. [4159], Brazil K000095049
Secco, R.S. [335], Brazil K000095039
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000095030
Robert, A. [s.n.], Brazil K000095053
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8253], Bangladesh K001125048
Krukoff, B.A. [1797], Brazil K000095051
Hinton, G.B. [10981], Guerrero K000465482
Milne [s.n.], Brazil K000095055
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8253] K001125044
B. Smith, L. [1421], Brazil K000095052
Hinton, G.B. [1668], México State K000465485
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8253] K001125045
Pires, J.M. [52377], Brazil K000095029
Heringer, F.P. [4345], Brazil K000095040
Hinton, G.B. [8987], México State K000465480
Boaz [s.n.], Brazil K000095058
Irwin, H.S. [2307], Brazil K000095028
Bourke-Barrowes, D. [17], Brazil K000095050
Hinton, G.B. [9480], Guerrero K000465481
Martinelli, G. [10087], Brazil K000095041

First published in Sp. Pl.: 215 (1753)

Accepted by

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  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
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  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

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Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 88, 85.
  • F.T.A. 4, 1: 328
  • Sp. Pl. 215 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Castle, G.E. in Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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