Genus:
Eriocaulon L.

Eriocaulon modicum S.M.Phillips

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

[FTEA]

Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Small annual.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves filiform, up to 1 cm. long, 0.1–0.3 mm. wide, spongy, finely acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes ± 10, 3.5–5 cm. high, 4-ribbed; sheaths almost equalling the leaves, loose, subinflated upwards.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitulum depressed-globose, 2.5 mm. diameter, fuscous with slightly paler involucral bracts, the white-papillose petal-tips visible; involucral bracts as wide as the capitulum, crateriform, suborbicular, scarious, concave, rounded with crenulate upper margin; floral bracts obovate, obtuse to rounded with crenulate upper margin; receptacle shortly pilose; flowers trimerous, 1.0–1.2 mm. long, flushed grey upwards.
sex Male
Male flowers:sepals narrowly oblong, the two lateral falcate, keeled, median flat, unequally connate into a spathe or almost free, tips denticulate; petals small, glabrous, eglandular; anthers black.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers:sepals very unequal, two laterals oblong-falcate, keeled, a spongy wing on the keel ± as wide as the sepal-body, tip acute, upper sepal-margins and upper wing-margin denticulate, a few white papillae below the tip; median sepal shorter, narrowly oblong, not winged, the tip denticulate; petals unequal, linear-oblong, eglandular, the tips entire, white-papillose. Male flowers:sepals narrowly oblong, the two lateral falcate, keeled, median flat, unequally connate into a spathe or almost free, tips denticulate; petals small, glabrous, eglandular; anthers black.
sex Female
Female flowers:sepals very unequal, two laterals oblong-falcate, keeled, a spongy wing on the keel ± as wide as the sepal-body, tip acute, upper sepal-margins and upper wing-margin denticulate, a few white papillae below the tip; median sepal shorter, narrowly oblong, not winged, the tip denticulate; petals unequal, linear-oblong, eglandular, the tips entire, white-papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 0.35 mm. long, brown, minutely punctate-papillose in transverse striae.
Habitat
Muddy edge of drying pan; 1020 m.
Distribution
T8 not known elsewhere

Native to:

Tanzania

Eriocaulon modicum S.M.Phillips appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Milne-Redhead, E. [10914A], Tanzania K000346137 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 52: 68 (1997)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • S.M. Phillips in Kew Bulletin 52: 68, fig. 6A–E, 7A–B (1997).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0