Panicum L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades rolled or flat, linear to ovate; ligule a short ciliate membranous rim
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets usually spherical, ovate or oblong; glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the lower shorter than, and the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, its lemma usually resembling the upper glume, with or without a palea; upper lemma ± as long as the spikelet, crustaceous, not crested, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis ± ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial; leaves flat or inrolled, linear to ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much-branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets dorsally or weakly laterally compressed, ovate to oblong; glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the lower shorter than, and the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret male or barren, its lemma usually resembling the upper glume, with or without a palea; upper lemma about as long as the spikelet, crustaceous, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.
Distribution
About 280 species throughout the tropics, extending into temperate North America.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets spherical, ovate, lanceolate or oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the inferior shorter than and the superior as long as the spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Inferior floret male or barren, its lemma usually resembling the superior glume, with or without a palea.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma as long as or shorter than the spikelet, crustaceous, the margins involute and clasping only the edges of the palea.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis more or less ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.
Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae involute or flat, linear to ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (132), or perennial (340). Rhizomes absent (395), or short (42), or elongated (27). Stolons absent (452), or present (15). Culms erect (201/365), or geniculately ascending (103/365), or decumbent (93/365), or prostrate (12/365), or rambling (48/365), or arching (1/365), or leaning (4/365), or scandent (4/365); reed-like (1/112), or robust (25/112), or of moderate stature (2/112), or slender (74/112), or weak (14/112); 1-77.45-1550 cm long; spongy (5), or compressible (5), or firm (418), or wiry (30), or woody (7); without nodal roots (17/100), or with prop roots (2/100), or rooting from lower nodes (98/100). Culm-internodes similar in length (1/5), or shorter and closely spaced at top of culm (1/5), or unequal, the upper longer (1/5), or unequal, the lower longer (1/5), or alternately elongated and bunched (1/5); terete (27/42), or channelled (2/42), or elliptical in section (15/42). Culm-nodes constricted (23/30), or flush with internodes (1/30), or swollen (6/30). Lateral branches lacking (57/209), or sparse (53/209), or ample (110/209), or fastigiate (9/209), or suffrutescent (4/209). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (450), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (12), or with sheath almost obsolete (1). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (458), or erect (6). Ligule an eciliate membrane (58), or a ciliolate membrane (72), or a ciliate membrane (253), or a fringe of hairs (68), or absent (23). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (449), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (12), or with a false petiole (3). Leaf-blades persistent (459), or deciduous at the ligule (5); aciculate (3), or filiform (12), or linear (284), or lanceolate (215), or elliptic (5), or oblong (8), or ovate (25), or triangular (1); membranous (16), or herbaceous (435), or coriaceous (13); stiff (49), or firm (406), or flaccid (10). Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (9/33), or evident (6/33), or conspicuous (16/33), or widened (2/33). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (444), or with obscure cross veins (6), or with distinct cross veins (17). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (14/14). Leaf-blade apex muticous (435), or pungent (30).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence simple (462), or compound (1); fasciculate (1/1). Inflorescence a panicle (444), or composed of racemes (16), or comprising only a few spikelets (4); terminal (421), or terminal and axillary (43); not deciduous as a whole (458/462), or deciduous as a whole (4/462); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (461), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1), or a spatheole (1); exserted (440), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (32), or enclosed (1). Spatheole lanceolate (1/1). Peduncle persistent (461), or fracturing (2). Panicle open (417/442), or contracted (26/442), or spiciform (7/442), or capitate (1/442). Primary panicle branches not whorled (419/443), or whorled at lower nodes (22/443), or whorled at most nodes (8/443). Panicle axis bearing persistent branches (443/444), or deciduous branches (1/444). Racemes single (1/16), or borne along a central axis (16/16); appressed (1/16), or ascending (13/16), or spreading (1/16), or drooping (1/16); unilateral (13/14), or paucilateral (1/14); bearing 1-8 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Central inflorescence axis unspecialized (15/16), or flattened (1/16). Rhachis angular (7/7). Spikelet packing crowded (2/16), or contiguous (14/16); 2 -rowed (1/1). Spikelets appressed (27/32), or ascending (1/32), or spreading (4/32); solitary (433), or in pairs (44), or in threes (2). Fertile spikelets sessile (4/462), or sessile and pedicelled (3/462), or pedicelled (456/462); 1 in the cluster (1/7), or 2 in the cluster (7/7), or 3 in the cluster (1/7). Pedicels filiform (31/47), or oblong (1/47), or clavate (15/47); tip oblique (1/21), or widened (6/21), or discoid (6/21), or cupuliform (8/21).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (461/462), or 2 basal sterile florets (1/462); 1 fertile florets (462), or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (459), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (52), or elliptic (175), or oblong (91), or ovate (166), or orbicular (24), or obovate (30), or oblanceolate (3); of unremarkable solid shape (461), or globose (2); laterally compressed (4), or dorsally compressed (459); symmetrical (450), or gibbous (9), or plano-convex (4); 0.7-2.732-9.2 mm long; persistent on plant (2), or falling entire (460), or breaking up at maturity (1); deciduous from the base (457/460), or with the pedicel (1/460), or with accessory branch structures (3/460). Spikelet callus brief (462), or square (1). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (398), or elongated between glumes (64), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2). Rhachilla elongation stout (1/1). Floret callus brief (457), or evident (6), or elongated (1); without wings (460), or winged (3); with lateral wings (3/3); truncate (1), or obtuse (462).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (461/462), or 2 basal sterile florets (1/462); 1 fertile florets (462), or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (459), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (52), or elliptic (175), or oblong (91), or ovate (166), or orbicular (24), or obovate (30), or oblanceolate (3); of unremarkable solid shape (461), or globose (2); laterally compressed (4), or dorsally compressed (459); symmetrical (450), or gibbous (9), or plano-convex (4); 0.7-2.732-9.2 mm long; persistent on plant (2), or falling entire (460), or breaking up at maturity (1); deciduous from the base (457/460), or with the pedicel (1/460), or with accessory branch structures (3/460). Spikelet callus brief (462), or square (1). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (398), or elongated between glumes (64), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2). Rhachilla elongation stout (1/1). Floret callus brief (457), or evident (6), or elongated (1); without wings (460), or winged (3); with lateral wings (3/3); truncate (1), or obtuse (462).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (1), or two (462); shorter than spikelet (63/462), or reaching apex of florets (394/462), or exceeding apex of florets (9/462); thinner than fertile lemma; parallel to lemmas (414), or recurved at apex (6), or gaping (48). Lower glume linear (1/462), or lanceolate (38/462), or elliptic (6/462), or oblong (13/462), or ovate (385/462), or orbicular (4/462), or oblate (25/462), or obovate (3/462); not clasping (16/60), or clasping (44/60); not gibbous (460/462), or gibbous (2/462); hyaline (16/462), or membranous (446/462), or herbaceous (1/462); without keels (456/460), or 1-keeled (4/460); 0-3-11 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent (107/462), or obscure (19/462), or distinct (352/462), or prominent (7/462), or thickened (2/462); without ribs (375/380), or ribbed (5/380). Lower glume surface smooth (447/462), or asperulous (7/462), or scabrous (6/462), or tuberculate (3/462); glabrous (408/462), or puberulous (10/462), or pubescent (30/462), or pilose (29/462), or villous (5/462), or hispid (1/462), or woolly (1/462); without hair tufts (462/462), or with an apical beard (1/462). Lower glume apex entire (458/462), or erose (1/462), or lobed (4/462); 3 -fid (2/2); emarginate (1/447), or truncate (16/447), or obtuse (106/447), or acute (290/447), or acuminate (90/447), or attenuate (1/447), or setaceously attenuate (1/447), or cuspidate (3/447); muticous (453/462), or mucronate (13/462), or awned (5/462). Upper glume lanceolate (24), or elliptic (91), or oblong (31), or ovate (322), or orbicular (3), or obovate (1); not gibbous (462), or gibbous (1); 0.8-1.355-2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (458), or herbaceous (4), or cartilaginous (1); with undifferentiated margins (460), or hyaline margins (3); without keels (458), or 1-keeled (5); wingless (462), or winged on margins (1); 3-7-57 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (462), or pubescent (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (458), or ribbed (5); without cross-veins (1/3), or transversely connected at apex (2/3), or with cross-veins (1/3). Upper glume surface smooth (436), or asperulous (15), or scabrous (6), or papillose (2), or tuberculate (4), or wrinkled (2), or rugose (1); glabrous (366), or puberulous (27), or pubescent (59), or pilose (39), or hirsute (2), or villous (8), or hispidulous (4), or hispid (2), or woolly (1); with simple hairs (123/136), or tubercle-based hairs (13/136); without hair tufts (462), or with an apical beard (2). Upper glume apex entire (459), or lobed (4); 3-4 -fid (1/2), or 5 -fid (2/2); emarginate (1/451), or truncate (1/451), or obtuse (97/451), or acute (288/451), or acuminate (85/451), or attenuate (2/451), or cuspidate (3/451), or laterally pinched (1/451); muticous (458), or mucronate (6), or awned (4); 1 -awned (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male (172/462), or barren (308/462); with palea (323/447), or without significant palea (135/447). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (23/462), or elliptic (105/462), or oblong (28/462), or ovate (313/462), or orbicular (3/462), or obovate (1/462); 0.95-1.116-1.3 length of fertile lemma; hyaline (2/462), or membranous (456/462), or chartaceous (1/462), or herbaceous (1/462), or scarious (1/462), or cartilaginous (1/462); 3-6-15 -veined; without ribs (460/462), or ribbed (2/462); without grooves (461/462), or sulcate (1/462); truncate (2/435), or obtuse (73/435), or acute (320/435), or acuminate (55/435), or attenuate (1/435), or cuspidate (2/435); muticous (459/462), or mucronate (4/462). Fertile lemma lanceolate (20), or elliptic (229), or oblong (174), or ovate (56), or orbicular (5), or obovate (13); without auricles (462), or thickened on margins at base (1); dorsally compressed (462/462); not gibbous (462), or gibbous (1); chartaceous (20), or cartilaginous (4), or coriaceous (10), or indurate (430); without keel (461/462), or keeled (1/462); wingless (462), or winged on margins (1); 3-4 -veined (2/36), or 5 -veined (17/36), or 6 -veined (3/36), or 7 -veined (20/36), or 8 -veined (1/36), or 9 -veined (3/36). Lemma lateral veins obscure (3/12), or distinct (7/12), or prominent (2/12). Lemma surface smooth (387), or granulose (5), or asperulous (2), or scaberulous (7), or scabrous (1), or papillose (29), or tuberculate (14), or striate (13), or reticulate (4), or punctate (3); unwrinkled (455), or rugulose (4), or rugose (4); glabrous (452), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (6), or pilose (3); with simple hairs (10/12), or clavate hairs (2/12); without hair tufts (462), or with basal hair tufts near margin (1). Lemma margins flat (1), or involute (455), or convolute (8); eciliate (455), or ciliate (5), or pubescent (2), or pilose (1). Lemma apex obtuse (176/342), or acute (137/342), or acuminate (10/342), or apiculate (24/342), or rostrate (2/342); without ornament (419), or laterally pinched (4), or with a little green crest (7), or with a green spot (1), or with a shallow excavation (1), or papillose (1), or scabrous (8), or pubescent (25), or woolly (2); muticous (458), or mucronate (5). Palea embraced by lemma (462), or reflexed at apex (1); not rolled (1), or involute (462); 1 length of lemma; membranous (1), or chartaceous (20), or cartilaginous (3), or coriaceous (10), or indurate (430). Palea surface glabrous (457), or pubescent (2), or pilose (3), or villous (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2 (7/7); truncate (3/3). Anthers 2 (3/148), or 3 (146/148).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (181/181); ellipsoid (44/65), or oblong (8/65), or ovoid (12/65), or orbicular (1/65), or obovoid (5/65). Embryo 0.2-0.4095-0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (25/39), or elliptic (14/39).
Distribution
Europe (6), or Africa (175), or Temperate Asia (27), or Tropical Asia (42), or Australasia (40), or Pacific (26), or North America (108), or South America (198).

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect (1/1), or geniculately ascending (1/1); slender (1/1); 17-50.87-80 cm long. Lateral branches sparse (1/1). Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (3), or lanceolate (1). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Panicle axis bearing deciduous branches. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels tip cupuliform (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-4.65-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation slender.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-4.65-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet (3), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (2), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (3). Lower glume surface smooth (3), or scabrous (1); glabrous (3), or pilose (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (3), or acuminate (1); muticous (3), or mucronate (1), or awned (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (2), or ovate (1); membranous; without keels; 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (3), or 8 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (2), or 10-11 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (2). Upper glume surface smooth (3), or scabrous (1); glabrous (3), or pilose (1); with tubercle-based hairs (1/1). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3); muticous (3), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (3), or elliptic (1); membranous; 9 -veined (1/1); without ribs (3), or ribbed (1); acute (1/3), or acuminate (2/3); muticous (3), or awned (2). Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous (1), or indurate (3); without keel; 5-7 -veined (1/1). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (2/2). Palea membranous (2), or chartaceous (1), or indurate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (3/3).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp (1/1); dorsally compressed (1/1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (3/3).
Distribution
Australasia.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (6), or perennial (3). Culms erect (5/6), or geniculately ascending (1/6), or decumbent (1/6); 5-40.5-100 cm long. Culm-internodes terete (1/1), or elliptical in section (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/4), or sparse (1/4), or ample (2/4). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; terminal (5), or terminal and axillary (2); exserted (4), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (3). Panicle open (6), or contracted (2). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (2); dorsally compressed; 2.075-4.416-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (5). Floret callus evident; without wings (1), or winged (6); with free apical wings (6/6); truncate.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (2); dorsally compressed; 2.075-4.416-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (5). Floret callus evident; without wings (1), or winged (6); with free apical wings (6/6); truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet (1), or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (1), or ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (2). Lower glume surface smooth (6), or scabrous (1). Lower glume apex acute (5), or acuminate (2), or caudate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (4), or oblong (1), or ovate (3); membranous (6), or coriaceous (1); without keels; 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (6), or 9 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute (5), or acuminate (3), or caudate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; with palea (2), or without significant palea (5). Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (4), or oblong (3), or ovate (3), or orbicular (1); membranous (6), or coriaceous (1); 5 -veined (3/6), or 7 -veined (3/6); acute (4), or acuminate (4), or caudate (1). Fertile lemma elliptic (5), or oblong (1), or ovate (4); chartaceous (1), or indurate (6); without keel; 5 -veined (1/3), or 7 -veined (2/3). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (6), or acute (3). Palea involute; 1 length of lemma; chartaceous (1), or indurate (6).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (2/2); oblong (1/1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
Distribution
Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia (6).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kriti, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chita, Christmas I., Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia

Panicum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 11, 2011 Silva, J.M. [1809], Brazil K001078757 Yes
Jun 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [701], Cameroon K000107875 No
Feb 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7690], Cameroon K000107953 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132768 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8684] K001131216 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131290 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131292 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699], India K001131301 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8700] K001131305 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8709] K001131321 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8709] K001131322 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8709], Singapore K001131325 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131347 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8718], Myanmar K001131369 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8720], Nepal K001131375 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730], India K001131400 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131403 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131410 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8739], Myanmar K001131434 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8743], Myanmar K001131447 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8744], India K001131449 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [70697], Brazil K001078729 Yes
Swallen, J.R. [8126], Brazil K001078733 Yes
Granville, J.-J. [12211], Brazil K001078735 Yes
Ferreira, M.C. [1796], Brazil K001078739 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6060], Brazil K001078742 Yes
Dias-Melo, R. [444], Brazil K001078762 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2845], Brazil K001078748 Yes
Luetzelburg, P. Von [22163], Brazil K001078786 Yes
Eiten, G. [6717], Brazil K001078774 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8704], Nepal K001131316 Yes
Arbo, M.M. [4620], Brazil K001078737 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131397 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8709], Malaysia K001131323 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [6145], Brazil K001078761 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8719], Malaysia K001131373 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8737], Myanmar K001131426 Yes
Cordeiro, J. [1721], Brazil K001078730 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699], India K001131300 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8727], Myanmar K001131390 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1741], Brazil K001078767 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Myanmar K001131296 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131418 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [49302], Brazil K001078783 Yes
Mesquita, A.L. [145], Brazil K001078772 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8741] K001131440 Yes
Gardner, G. [5906], Brazil K001078781 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131407 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8718], Myanmar K001131370 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131411 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8743], Myanmar K001131446 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1741], Brazil K001078769 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131408 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8701] K001131306 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131289 Yes
Smith, L.B. [6031], Brazil K001078776 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8736] K001131422 Yes
Ferreira, M.C. [PCD1888], Brazil K001078744 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131444 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8698], Myanmar K001131299 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Nepal K001131291 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8723], Myanmar K001131379 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [6524], Brazil K001078765 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54147], Brazil K001078785 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8728], Nepal K001131391 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8738] K001131427 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T.D. [5865], Brazil K001078777 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131442 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [27768], Brazil K001078773 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8746], Myanmar K001131451 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131437 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131438 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131398 Yes
Hassler, E. [8332], Paraguay K001078775 Yes
Kubitzki, K. [79-127], Brazil K001078754 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8735] K001131420 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131404 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730], India K001131401 Yes
Harley, R.M. [2831], Brazil K001078746 Yes
Granville, J.-J. [15083], French Guiana K001078770 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13319], Brazil K001078782 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131396 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131405 Yes
Nelson, B.W. [BN1523], Brazil K001078756 Yes
Araujo, D.S.D. [5997], Brazil K001078760 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [68055], Brazil K001078723 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8703], Nepal K001131315 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8709], Myanmar K001131324 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131445 Yes
Brooks, R.R. [TMEX443], Brazil K001078738 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [1420], Guyana K001078753 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8735], Myanmar K001131421 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8737] K001131425 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [877], Brazil K001078743 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8737] K001131424 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132769 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8699] K001131302 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727] K001131386 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [9225], Brazil K001078764 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Myanmar K001131297 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131352 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8742] K001131441 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8748] K001131457 Yes
Eiten, G. [10684], Brazil K001078731 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8722], India K001131377 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131409 Yes
Calderon, C.E. [2624], Brazil K001078752 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], India K001131383 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131393 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [48267], Brazil K001078751 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8693] K001131280 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [27768], Brazil K001078725 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8746], Myanmar K001131452 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131402 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131351 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727], India K001131388 Yes
Akkul, M. [Cat. no. 8722], Myanmar K001131378 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8713] K001131346 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1477], Brazil K001078768 Yes
Stannard, B.L. [812], Brazil K001078755 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1349A], Brazil K001078766 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8696], Malaysia K001131294 Yes
Melo, E. [PCD1787], Brazil K001078740 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8733], Myanmar K001131414 Yes
Akkul, M. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131430 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8697], Malaysia K001131298 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8727], Myanmar K001131389 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734], India K001131417 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8726] K001131385 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131412 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131431 Yes
Rosengurtt, B. [8893], Brazil K001078732 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Malaysia K001131429 Yes
Dias-Melo, R. [279], Brazil K001078727 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131350 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131406 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8707], Malaysia K001131319 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Malaysia K001131428 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8683], Myanmar K001131214 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8736] K001131423 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2845], Brazil K001078749 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8700], India K001131304 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131394 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [1884], Guyana K001078736 Yes
Prance, G.T. [1295], Brazil K001078758 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131395 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131371 Yes
Krapovickas, A. [36881], Brazil K001078784 Yes
Cordeiro, I. [CFCR810], Brazil K001078771 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131415 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727] K001131387 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131439 Yes
Rambo, B. [36465], Brazil K001078780 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8740] K001131435 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131293 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8745] K001131450 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [72016], Brazil K001078759 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [74882], Brazil K001078750 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733], India K001131413 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699] K001131303 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [9191], Brazil K001078763 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], India K001131382 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131416 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131372 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131374 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8739], Myanmar K001131433 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001078745 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131399 Yes
Dias-Melo, R. [270], Brazil K001078726 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6060], Brazil K001078741 Yes
Folli, D.A. [2699], Brazil K001078734 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8708], Myanmar K001131320 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8740] K001131436 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8744], India K001131448 Yes
Hamilton, W.D. [144], Brazil K001078728 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8706], Singapore K001131318 Yes
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6624], Kenya K000696636 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8723], Myanmar K001131380 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8684], India K001131215 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8724] K001131381 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131392 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8696], Malaysia K001131295 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8721], India K001131376 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8701], Myanmar K001131307 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714], Bangladesh K001131349 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8694], Myanmar K001131281 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], Bangladesh K001131384 Yes
Harley, R.M. [10203], Brazil K001078779 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131443 Yes
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3772], Brazil K001078747 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131348 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8735], Nepal K001131419 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [30380], Brazil K001078778 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [33074], Brazil K001078724 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131432 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 55 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga F.O., Salariato D.L. & Scataglini A. (2018). Molecular phylogeny of Panicum s. str. (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) and insights into its biogeography and evolution. PLoS ONE 13(2, e0191529): 1-39.

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Flora of West Tropical Africa

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Flora Zambesiaca

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Flora of Somalia

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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

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