Smilax L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1028 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics to N. America.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Republic, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Romania

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Ferrufino-Acosta, L. (2010). Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean islands. Willdenowia 40: 227-280.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 423.
  • Sp. Pl. 1028 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • L. Gen. Pl. ed.5: 455 (1754).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 1028 (1753);

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in F.T.A. 7: 423 (1898)
  • Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 111 (1968)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5:455 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1028 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2015 Usteri, P.A. [342b] Brazil K001150165 Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Poncy, O.; Perez, A.; Boudrie, M.; Desmo Betian [1662] French Guiana K001572156 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [2857] Brazil K000828194 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [6450] Brazil K000828193 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Glaziou, A.F.M. [14352] Brazil K000828192 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Harley, R.M.; Bromley, G.L.; Carvalho, A.M.; Hage, J.L.; Brito, H.S. [21599] Brazil K000828203 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Harley, R.M. [21599] Brazil K000828202 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [1677] Brazil K000828195 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Gilbert [25] K000400967 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1988 Pirani, J.; Ferreira, C.A.C.; Thomas, W.W.; Pirani, J.; Oliveira, J.G.; Ackerly, D.; Lima, R.P.; Coleho, J.A.; Ramos, J. [1170] Brazil K000828200 Yes
Jan 1, 1877 Gardner, G. [2010] Brazil K000828198 Yes
Jan 1, 1877 Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.] Indonesia K000292109 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1877 Gardner, G. [2010] Brazil K000828199 Yes
Maciel, U.N.; Rosário, C.S. [540] Brazil K000828373 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [1406] China K000820650 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J. R. I.; Soto, D. [26838] Bolivia K001581846 Yes
Perigolo, N. A.; dos Santos, A. J. B.; Catenacci, F. S.; Pereira-Silva, G. [328] Brazil K001765491 Yes
Ganev, W. [2383] Brazil K000828358 Yes
Wilson, E.H. [280] China K000820649 Unknown Type Material Yes
Millar, A.N. [14404] Papua New Guinea K002378217 Yes
Briggs, M.; Simbiak, V.; Paiki, T. [614] Indonesia K:SPC-67070.000 No
Pereira-Silva, G.; Amaral-Santos, A.; Gomes, V.F.; Oliveira, W.L.; Santos, A.J.B. [15998] Brazil K001589208 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5123] Nepal K001104855 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mori, S.A.; Boom, B.M. [14468] Brazil K000828369 Yes
Forrest, G. [7853] China K000820656 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schodde, R.; Craven, L.A. [4600] Papua New Guinea K002378219 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5125] Singapore K001104870 Unknown Type Material Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 5126] Malaysia K001104871 Unknown Type Material Yes
[R. Kanehira]; [S. Hatusima] [13748] Indonesia K002378190 Yes
Plunket, G.M.; Rouhan, G.; Pillon, Y. [2067] Vanuatu K001612176 Yes
Johns; Moeljono, S.; Jitmau, M.; Warpur, M.; Sagisolo, M. [8065] Indonesia K002378208 Yes
Brass, L.J. [21905] Papua New Guinea K002378221 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 5113] India K001104838 Unknown Type Material Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [6084] Indonesia K002378203 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Giulietti, A.M. [28437] Brazil K000828370 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5129] Burma K001104879 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wong, K.M.; Watu, A.; Rauzaidi, M. [WKM3412] Brunei K001634574 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5115] K001104843 Unknown Type Material Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 5127] Malaysia K001104873 Unknown Type Material Yes
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 5121] Mauritius K001104851 Unknown Type Material Yes
Torke, B. M.; Zenteno, F.; Gonzáles, J. E.; Valda, J.; Gonzáles, R. [542] Bolivia K001581847 Yes
Braga, J.M.A. [16-005] Brazil K001612885 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [1311] China K000820644 Type Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5128] K001104874 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5116] Malaysia K001104844 Unknown Type Material Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [6505] Indonesia K002378205 Yes
Lucas, E. J.; Mazine, F. F.; Kollman, L.; Brummitt, N.A.; Campos, O. R.; Flores, T. B.; Jennings, L. V. S.; Sampaio, D. [732] Brazil K001581850 Yes
Stannard, B.; Atkins, S.; Santos, T.R.; Passos, L.; Saar, E. [5631] Brazil K000828372 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5113] K001104839 Unknown Type Material Yes
Davis, A.P.; Mayar, U.W.; Jitmau, M.; Matumbongs, R.; Wally, E. [712] Indonesia K002378187 Yes
Streimann, H.; Stevens, P. [LAE53988] Papua New Guinea K002378225 Yes
Wallich, N. [5120] Nepal K000820913 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M.; Giulietti, A.M.; Virgínio, J. [54143] Brazil K000828371 Yes
Henry, A. [9225] China K000820642 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gamble [1556B] India K002376464 No
Clarke, C.B. [29091] India K001613250 No
Puan Ching, Y. et al. [S 64314] Malaysia K001635690 No
Puan Ching, Y. et al. [S 64314] Malaysia K001635691 No
Figueiredo, L.; Andrade, K.; Inácio, E.; Rodal, M.J.N. [4] Brazil K000828374 Yes
Johns, R.J. [11367] Papua New Guinea K002378209 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5128] K001104876 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 5128] Bangladesh K001104877 Unknown Type Material Yes
Cruttwell, N.E.G. [1179] Papua New Guinea K002378214 Yes
Cordeiro, T.; Pirani, J.R.; Rossi, L.; Furlan, A.; Amaral, M.C.E. [826] Brazil K000828362 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5115] K001104842 Unknown Type Material Yes
Davis, A.P.; Mayar, U.W.; Jitmau, M.; Matumbongs, R.; Wally, E. [712] Indonesia K002378207 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Sakuragui, C.M.; Sano, P.T.; Atkins, S.; Souza, V.C. [14191] Brazil K000828376 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5120] Nepal K001104850 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [521] Indonesia K002378185 Yes
Willis, F.R. [56] Indonesia K:SPC-71463.000 No
Cavalerie, J. [2063] China K000820658 Unknown Type Material Yes
Cavalerie, J. [2922] China K000820654 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maas, P.J.M.; Maas, H.; Silva, L.A.M. [7045] Brazil K000828363 Yes
Royle, J.F. [s.n.] India K000820875 Unknown Type Material Yes
[R. Kanehira]; [S. Hatusima] [s.n.] Indonesia K002378189 Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [6311] Indonesia K002378204 Yes
Mayar, U.W.; Thomas, S.; Sands, M.J.S.; Davis, A.P. [404] Indonesia K002378192 Yes
Eiten, G.; Eiten, L.T. [10756] Brazil K000828365 Yes
Brass, L.J. [21914] Papua New Guinea K002378220 Yes
Katik, P.; Womersley, J.S. [NGF43947] Papua New Guinea K002378226 Yes
Henry, A. [3481] China K000820647 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5117] India K001104846 Unknown Type Material Yes
Simaga, J.M.; Johns, R.J. [09437] Papua New Guinea K002378211 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 5126] Malaysia K001104872 Unknown Type Material Yes
Queiroz, L.P. [2097] Brazil K000828368 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Ecuador K000201313 Yes
Stannard, B.; Lughadha, E.N.; Queiroz, R.F. [51156] Brazil K000828359 Yes
Johns, R.J.; Maru, R. [12840] Papua New Guinea K002378210 Yes
Zappi, D.C.; Costa, C.B.; Aona, L.; Bellinello, R. [454] Brazil K000828366 Yes
Sands, M.J.S.; Johns, R.J.; Moeljono, S.; Jitmau; Markus; Magablo; Yesaya [6487] Indonesia K002378194 Yes
Forrest, G. [12062] China K000820657 Unknown Type Material Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [6084] Indonesia K002378198 Yes
Vink, W. [BW12093] Indonesia K002378202 Yes
Schodde, R.; Craven, L.A. [4600] Papua New Guinea K002378218 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5117] Nepal K001104845 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5113] Nepal K001104837 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.; França, F.; Lughadha, E.N.; Gasson, P. [5984] Brazil K000828377 Yes
Streimann, H. [NGF28754] Papua New Guinea K002378228 Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [6922] Indonesia K002378199 Yes
Johns, R.J. [11396] Papua New Guinea K002378212 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [8286] Brazil K000828364 Yes
Mayar, U.W.; Thomas, S.; Sands, M.J.S.; Davis, A.P. [404] Indonesia K002378193 Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [7321] Indonesia K002378206 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5129] Burma K001104878 Unknown Type Material Yes
Streimann, H. [NGF44321] Papua New Guinea K002378216 Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [5800] Indonesia K002378201 Yes
Fevereiro, V.P.B.; Mayo, S.J.; Silva, M.B.; Oliveira, A.G.P.; Flor, J. [56] Brazil K000828201 Yes
Licent, E. [4992] China K000820648 Unknown Type Material Yes
Streimann, H. [NGF44391] Papua New Guinea K002378223 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5121] K001104852 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5121] K001104853 Unknown Type Material Yes
[R. Kanehira]; [S. Hatusima] [12600] Indonesia K002378188 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [1311] China K000820643 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5131] Singapore K001104886 Unknown Type Material Yes
van Royen, P.; Sleumer, H.O. [7243] Indonesia K002378200 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5118] K001104848 Unknown Type Material Yes
Passos, L.; Santos, T.R.; Guedes, M.L.; Stannard, B.; Atkins, S.; Saar, E. [5770] Brazil K000828375 Yes
v. der Sijde, H.A. [BW5512] Indonesia K002378186 Yes
Gasson, P.; Harley, R.; Lughadha, E.N.; França, F. [5939] Brazil K000828360 Yes
Foreman, D.B.; Katik, P. [NGF48423] Papua New Guinea K002378224 Yes
Delprete, P.G.; Klein, V.L.G. [8956] Brazil K000828367 Yes
[R. Kanehira]; [S. Hatusima] [13628] Indonesia K002378191 Yes
Wilson [661] China K:SPC-49712.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5117] Nepal K001120015 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5117] India K001104847 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5122] K001104854 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5113] K001104836 Unknown Type Material Yes
Vink, W. [BW15214] Indonesia K002378184 Yes
Kairo, A. [183] Papua New Guinea K002378229 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [1312] China K000820641 Unknown Type Material Yes
Freire, E.; Andrade, K.; Campelo, M.J.; Hora, M.J. [29] Brazil K000828361 Yes
Sands, M.J.S.; Davis, A.P.; Thomas, S.; Mahyar, U. [6898] Indonesia K002378195 Yes
Silva, F.de; Gomez, W. [5128] Bangladesh K000820897 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5128] K001104875 Unknown Type Material Yes
Brass, L.J. [23835] Papua New Guinea K002378215 Yes
Johns, R.J. [11396] Papua New Guinea K002378213 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [2922] China K000820655 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M. [22474] Brazil K:SPC-72762.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5119] Nepal K001104849 Unknown Type Material Yes
Womersley, J.S. [NGF43998] Papua New Guinea K002378227 Yes
Hoogland, R.D.; Craven, L.A. [10683] Papua New Guinea K002378222 Yes
Sands, M.J.S.; Davis, A.P.; Thomas, S.; Mahyar, U. [6898] Indonesia K002378196 Yes
Bruce, H. [5128] Bangladesh K000820898 Unknown Type Material Yes
Davis, A.P.; Mahyar, U.W.; Jitmau, M.; Matumbongs, R.; Wally, E. [746] Indonesia K002378197 Yes
Seemann, B.C. [2401] China Heterosmilax K000820622 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images