Capsicum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Tropical America.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wake I., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Smith & Heiser in Am. J. Bot. 38: 362 (1951).
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 250

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Capsicum L., Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 86 (1754).
  • Hunziker, Gen. Solanacearum: 232 (2001).
  • Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • 9th Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard.: 53–110 (1898);
  • Bothalia 14: 845–848 (1983);
  • DeWitt & Bosland, Peppers of the World (1996);
  • Fingerhuth, Monogr. gen. capsici: 1–32 (1832);
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 86 (1754);
  • Gen. Solanaceae: 232–244 (2001);
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 188 (1753)
  • van den Berg et al. (eds), Solanaceae V: 179–185 (2001)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dec 1, 2003 Custodio Filho, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001073049 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Harley, R.M. [54171], Brazil K000788508 No
Jul 4, 1905 Lucas, E.J. [667], Brazil K000788510 No
Jul 4, 1905 Harley, R. [3445], Brazil K000788513 No
Jul 4, 1905 Lucas, E.J. [667], Brazil K000788509 No
Matuda, E. [2406], Mexico K000063191 No
Hinton, G.B. [11977], Mexico K000063193 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132446 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132448 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [2428], Brazil K001073046 Yes
Miers, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001073053 Yes
Eggers, H.F.A. von [5302], Cuba K001073054 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [3627], Brazil K001073056 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [3628], Brazil K001073055 Yes
Sandeman, C. [2038], Brazil K001073058 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132445 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132444 Yes
Taylor, N.P. [429], Mexico K000063190 No
Dusén, P. [14437], Brazil K001073051 Yes
Röttler, J.P. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132449 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [11385], Brazil K001073045 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132443 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8872], Brazil K001073044 Yes
Handro, O. [2206], Brazil K001073052 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [12108], Brazil K001073047 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001073057 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132447 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132442 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [4168], Brazil K001073048 Yes
Prance, G.T. [9295], Brazil K001073050 Yes
Müller, F. [174], Mexico K000063192 No

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images