Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Peltophorum africanum Sond.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Note
With 10–28 pairs of leaflets per pinna which are mucronate at apex and about 0.3–1 (–1.2) cm. long and 0.1-0.45 cm. wide, and with pedicels at flowering time about 1–1 1/2 times as long as the calyx.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
African Wattle, Weeping Wattle

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Small tree 3–9(14) m high, with a spreading crown.
Morphology Stem
Young stems with rusty-brown to greyish, ± spreading tomentum or puberulence, sometimes also with stalked, swollen-headed glands, particularly on saplings [see note].
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: petiole and rachis together 4–28 cm, densely brown-pubescent to -tomentose, sometimes with glands; pinnae 4–13(17) pairs; pinna rachis 1.5–8(10.5) cm; leaflets 6–28 pairs per pinna, (2)4–9(12) ×(1)1.5–3(4) mm, oblong or occasionally ovate-oblong, asymmetrical at the base, rounded to subacute at the apex, and mucronate; both surfaces appressed-pubescent; stipules up to 1.4 cm long, linear-subulate with up to 7 linear, alternate, lateral appendages to 6 mm long, the whole usually very quickly caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in fairly dense, terminal and axillary racemes up to 24 cm long, usually grouped at the ends of branches to form a pseudopanicle, the axes densely brown-pubescent; bracts up to 7 × 1 mm, linear-lanceolate, caducous; pedicels 3–8(10 in fruit) mm excluding the receptacle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5–6(7) mm long, brown-pubescent except on the scarious margins, ± reflexed in flowering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 10–14(17) mm long, obtriangular-spathulate with a short claw, or the upper one somewhat shorter and with a broader and stouter claw, the distal margins all ± undulate, all yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8–13 mm, shorter than the petals; anthers 1.5–2.75 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary appressed brown-pubescent, often ± velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 4–9 × 1.4–2.6 cm, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, the wings down each margin 3–6 mm broad, the whole densely puberulent, or glabrescent at maturity, indehiscent; seeds 1 or 2, 9–12 × 5–8 × 1 mm, ± oblong, elongated longitudinally in the pod, with the hilum at one end.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Medicine, Wood

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

California, Kenya, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Tanzania

English
African Wattle, Weeping Wattle

Peltophorum africanum Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000232375 Yes
Zeyher [554], South Africa K000232376 Unknown type material Yes
Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000232377 Yes
McClintock, A. [40], Botswana K000489732 No
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001276526 No
Williamson, D.T. [65], Botswana K000489730 No
Gossweiler, J. [3485], Angola K001276524 No
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001276525 No
Gossweiler, J. [3633], Angola K001276527 No
Long, D.G. [382], Botswana K000489727 No
Long, D.G. [257], Botswana K000489728 No
Erens, J. [292], Botswana K000489729 No
Smith, P. [69], Botswana K000489731 No

First published in Linnaea 23: 35 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bello, A. & al. (2021). https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.480.2.1. epublication.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bello, A. & al. (2021). https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.480.2.1. epublication.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Basu, S. K. & Chakravorty, S. N. (1987). J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 10:173-175. Peltophorum africanum...
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
  • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
  • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/