Aloe arborescens Mill.

First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: n.° 3 (1768)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Tropical & S. Africa. It is a succulent shrub or tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome. It is has environmental uses, as a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Canary Is., Caroline Is., France, Korea, Madeira, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New South Wales, New Zealand South, Portugal, South Australia, Spain, Tunisia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Albano, P.-O. (2003). La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence.
  • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa. Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES. Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa. Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES. Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Ulian, T., Sacandé, M., Hudson, A., & Mattana, E. (2017). Conservation of indigenous plants to support community livelihoods: the MGU–Useful Plants Project. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60:668-683.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1990 Cholocholo, Aubrey [22], Malawi K000210345 No
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210349 No
Feb 10, 1987 Chapman, J.D. [5792], Malawi K000210355 No
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210350 No
Feb 10, 1987 Blackmore, S. [407], Malawi K000210356 No
Feb 10, 1987 Leach, L.C. [12875], Zimbabwe K000210363 No
Feb 10, 1987 Chase, N.C. [6886], Zimbabwe K000210365 No
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [11232], Malawi K000210348 Yes
Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210366 No
Feb 5, 1987 Reynolds, G.W. [6698], Malawi K000210346 No
Feb 5, 1987 Richards, H.M. [16637], Malawi K000210354 No
Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210367 No
May 6, 1985 Schäfer, P.A. [6747], Mozambique K000210357 No
May 6, 1985 Richards, H.M. [16785], Malawi K000210351 No
4352.000 No
Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210359 No
Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210360 No
Wood, M [4342] K000400924 Unknown type material Yes
Patel, H. [7253], Mozambique K000545214 No
Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000614420 No
Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210362 No
Brummitt, R.K. [10091], Malawi K000210347 No
Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210361 No
Miller, O.B. [2926], Zimbabwe K000210364 No
Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000524264 No
Richards, H.M. [16594], Malawi K000210352 No
Brass, L.J. [16525], Malawi K000210353 No
Groenendijk, E.M.C. [2025], Mozambique K000210358 No

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0