Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry

First published in Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 18: 196 (1939)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Maluku. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Maluku

Introduced into:

Borneo, Caroline Is., Comoros, Gulf of Guinea Is., Madagascar, Nicobar Is., Seychelles, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago. Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kitalong, A.H., DeMeo, R.A. & Holm, T. (2008). Native Trees Palau. A field guide: 1-236.
  • Soepadmo, E., swa, L.G., Chung, R.C.K. & Kiew, R. (eds.) (2011). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 7: 1-450. Sabah forestry department. Forest research institute and Sarawak forestry department, Malaysia.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam). Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Anon (2004). WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol. 2: Flos Caryophylii. World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • Banerjee, S., Panda, C. K. & Das, S. (2006). Clove ( Syzygium aromaticum L.), a potential chemopreventive agent for lung cancer. Carcinogenesis 27(8): 1645–1654.
  • Cortés-Rojas, D. F., de Souza, C. R. F. & Oliveira, W. P. (2014). Clove ( Syzygium aromaticum): a precious spice.  Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 4(2): 90–96.
  • Danthu, P. et al. (2014). The clove tree of Madagascar: a success story with an unpredictable future. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 320(2): 83–96.
  • European Medicines Agency (2011). Community Herbal Monograph on Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merill et L. M. Perry, floris aetheroleum (Final). European Medicines Agency (EMA)/ Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC).
  • Kamatou, G. P., Vermaak, I. & Viljoen (2012). Eugenol - from the remote Maluku Islands to the international market place: a review of a remarkable and versatile molecule. Molecules 17: 6953-6981. MDPI.
  • Katzer, G. (last modified 2008). Gernot Katzer’s Spice Pages: Cloves ( Syzygium aromaticum [L.] Merr. et Perry).
  • Orwa C. et al. (2009). Agroforestree Database: A Tree Reference and Selection Guide (version 4.0) – Syzygium aromaticum.
  • Svoboda, K. P., Svoboda, T. G. & Syred, A. (2001). A closer look: secretory structures of aromatic and medicinal plants. HerbalGram 53: 34–43. American Botanical Council.
  • Ved, D. K. et al. (eds) (2002-2014). Traded Medicinal Plants Database: Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bangalore.
  • de Guzman, C. C. & Siemonsma, J. S. (eds) (1999). Spices PROSEA: Plant Resources of South-East Asia 13. Backhuis Publishers, Leiden.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago. Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Soepadmo, E., swa, L.G., Chung, R.C.K. & Kiew, R. (eds.) (2011). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 7: 1-450. Sabah forestry department. Forest research institute and Sarawak forestry department, Malaysia.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin & G. Moggi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 30, 2009 s.coll. [2799], Singapore K000565305 Yes
Tanzania Eugenia caryophyllata 16198.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3654] Caryophyllus aromaticus K001110735 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3654] Caryophyllus aromaticus K001110734 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0