Orchis militaris L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 941 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Mongolia and Afghanistan. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Mongolia, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Barina, Z. (2017). Revision of F. K. Meyer?s herbarium from Albania. Phytotaxa 331: 213-223.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien. Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel. [Cited as Orchis militaris subsp. stevenii.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien. Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2011 Day, C.D. [303], Turkey K000341584 No
Brenan, J.P.M., United Kingdom 20775.000 No
235.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2032], United Kingdom 236.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2738], United Kingdom 237.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [5819], Spain 238.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [12292], France 239.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [12266], France 240.000 No
Barneby, T., France 29097.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [4442], France 30091.000 No
Barneby, T.P. [8], Switzerland 31615.000 No
Wood, J.J. [540], France 36009.000 No
Chesterman, D.D. [156], Italy 40923.000 No
Wood, J.J. [541], France 45914.000 No
Wood, J.J. [510], France 45916.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2719], Italy 48197.000 No
70576.000 No
70499.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000364135 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Sweden K000364136 Yes
Prescot, J. [s.n.] K000364144 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000364147 Yes
Jacquin [s.n.], Austria K000364146 Yes
Pennington, T. [s.n], France 77513.000 No
Tineo [s.n.], Italy K000364145 Yes
Schleicher [s.n.], Switzerland K000364148 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images