Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Fadogia stenophylla Welw. ex Hiern

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Pyrophytic usually glabrous subshrubby herb, with single to mostly several rather short unbranched stems 6–40 cm. tall from a slender creeping woody rhizome; stems glabrous or with rather sparse bristly hairs in a very few specimens; lowest nodes usually leafless.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 3–4; blades rounded-elliptic to narrowly elliptic, narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, 1–6.5 cm. long, 0.4–2.7 cm. wide, rounded to bluntly acute at the apex, cuneate to almost rounded at the base, glabrous, usually drying pale olive-green; petioles 1–2 mm. long; stipules oblong-triangular, with a shortly to distinctly produced apex, together 3–4 mm. long, the basal parts connate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences (1–)3-flowered, sweet-scented, borne at lower nodes; sometimes flowering in leafless state; peduncles 0.5–2(–3) cm. long and pedicels 1.5–6.5(–10) mm. long, both glabrous or sparsely pubescent, or solitary flowers on stalks up to 1.6 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 2–2.5 mm. long, the narrow limb almost membranous, truncate, erose or slightly to distinctly narrowly toothed, teeth 0.7–1.2 mm. long.
Morphology General Buds
Buds green, obtuse, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pale to bright yellow or greenish yellow; tube cylindrical-campanulate, 3–4 mm. long, with ring of deflexed hairs inside; lobes 4–6(–7), triangular-oblong or ovate, 3–5 mm. long, 2.5–2.8 mm. wide, cucullate but scarcely apiculate at the apex, glabrous save for papillate margins and inner surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3–4-locular; style 5.5–6 mm. long; stigma green, coroniform, 3–4-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red at maturity, globose or often drying very distinctly 2–3-lobed, 7–9 mm. long, 9–10 mm. wide.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, D. Bridson. Flora Zambesiaca 5:2. 1998

Morphology General Habit
A pyrophytic, usually glabrous, suffrutescent herb, 6–40 cm tall, with a single or usually several rather short unbranched stems from a slender creeping woody rhizome; stems glabrous, or with rather sparse bristly hairs in a very few specimens; lowest nodes usually leafless.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 3–4; blades 1–6.5 × 0.4–2.8 cm, rounded elliptic to narrowly elliptic, narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, rounded to bluntly acute at the apex, cuneate to almost rounded at the base, glabrous or rarely pubescent, usually drying pale olive-green; petioles 1–2 mm long; stipules connate at the base, oblong-triangular, 3–4 mm long including a shortly to distinctly produced apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences (1)3-flowered, sweet-scented, borne at the lower nodes, sometimes flowering before the leaves are produced; peduncles 5–20(30) mm long and pedicels 1.5–6.5(10) mm long, both glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sometimes flowers solitary on stalks up to 16 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube 2–2.5 mm long, the narrow limb almost membranous, truncate, erose or slightly to distinctly narrowly toothed; teeth 0.7–1.2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla obtuse in bud; white or pale to bright yellow or greenish-yellow, glabrous; tube 3–4 mm long, cylindrical-campanulate, with ring of deflexed hairs inside; lobes 4–6(7), 3–5 × 2.5–2.8 mm, triangular-oblong or ovate, cucullate but scarcely apiculate at the apex, glabrous save for papillate margins and inner surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3–4-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5.5–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollen presenter
Pollen presenter green, coroniform, 3–4-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red at maturity, 7–9 × 9–10 mm, globose, or often drying very distinctly 2–3-lobed.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Fadogia stenophylla Welw. ex Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 1925 Welwitsch [2570], Angola K000411968 Unknown type material Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 155 (1877)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 155 (1877)
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 483 (1898).
  • K. Schum. in Warb., Kunene-Sambesi-Exped.: 390 (1903).
  • Robyns in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 11: 60 (1928).
  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 36: 521 (1981).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0