Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

First published in Icon. 3: 22 (1795)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is U.S.A. to Mexico, S. South America. It is an annual or perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.


Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Paraguay, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Washington

Introduced into:

Albania, Algeria, Aruba, Bahamas, Cape Provinces, Cuba, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, Hawaii, India, Iran, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Palestine, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Sinai, South Australia, Tunisia, Victoria, Western Australia


Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and ajacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37. Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2012 Lindheimer, F. [135], Texas K000546076 isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 2012 Gillies, J. [Solanum2], Argentina K000546062 lectotype No
Jan 1, 2012 McRae, ? [s.n.], Chile K000546063 lectotype No
Jan 1, 2012 Lindheimer, F. [135], Texas K000546075 isolectotype Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Abd El Ghani, M. [6908], Egypt K000658912 Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Hmama, H. [890], Morocco K000658910 Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Abulaila, K. [JOR3-1], Jordan K000658914 Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Frank, P. [s.n.], Israel K000658911 Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Hmama, H. [890], Morocco K000658909 Yes
Aug 1, 2011 Boulos, L. [18198], Kuwait K000658913 Yes
Dec 1, 2010 Wickens, G.E. [828], Chile K000545727 Yes
Dec 1, 2010 Dunnett, D. [13], Chile K000545728 Yes
Oct 28, 2009 Calzada, J.I. [25305], Mexico K000788344 Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Schaffner, J.G. [695], Mexico K000042490 Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Martínez O., E. [413], Mexico K000042500 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Rechinger, K.H. [29735], Pakistan K000788303 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Matthew, K.M. [s.n.], India K000788307 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Rechinger, K.H. [29752], Pakistan K000788302 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Dells, A. [3247], Cyprus K000788308 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Singh, V. [80328], India K000788304 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Laukkonen, P. [333], Cyprus K000788309 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Oswald, P.H.O. [15], Cyprus K000788311 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Guzman, C.U. [2947], Mexico K000788346 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Guzman, C.U. [3013], Mexico K000788345 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Jafri, S.M.H. [3737], Pakistan K000788301 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Kadhum, H. [37772], Iraq K000788431 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Rashid, A. [3692], Pakistan K000788305 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Krishnappa, D.G. [162], India K000788306 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Sparrow, C.E.H. [46], Cyprus K000788310 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Hattingh, I.D. [s.n.C], South Africa K000658765 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Lindheimer, F.J. [fasc.III135], USA K000546073 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Lindheimer, F.J. [fasc.III135], USA K000546074 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Hanekom, W.J. [554], South Africa K000658767 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Bisschoff, J. [1], South Africa K000658768 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Glass, V. [10674], Namibia K000658758 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Pickworth, G. [s.n.], South Africa K000658769 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Marais, W. [28703], South Africa K000658770 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Berg, D.A. van [s.n.], South Africa K000658766 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Hattingh, I.D. [s.n.B], South Africa K000658764 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Kolberg, H. [925], Namibia K000658759 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Potgieter, A. [s.n.], South Africa K000658762 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Els, P. [s.n.], South Africa K000658772 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Potgieter, A. [s.n.], South Africa K000658760 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Kock, G.C. de [s.n.], South Africa K000658771 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Hattingh, I.D. [s.n.A], South Africa K000658763 Yes
Hawkes, J.G. [1463], Mexico K000063672 Yes
Coulter, T. [1247], Mexico K000042495 Yes
Pringle, C.G. [1566], Mexico K000042496 Yes
Hartweg, C.T. [203], Mexico K000042497 No
Palmer, E. [257], Mexico K000042499 Yes
Parry, C.C. [636], Mexico K000063661 Yes
Adole [10632], Mexico K000063662 Yes
Palmer, E. [388], Mexico K000063664 Yes
Palmer, E. [942], Mexico K000063667 No
Wynd, F.L. [780], Mexico K000063671 Yes
Symon, D. [9810], Australia K001154384 Yes
Eyerdam, W.J. [23093], Argentina K001167867 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [1054], Argentina K001167874 Yes
Araque Molina, J. [19Ar341], Argentina K001167884 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Argentina K001167911 Yes
Cuming [1090] K001167914 Yes
Claraz, G. [81], Argentina K001167919 Yes
Small, J.K. [4841], USA K001159757 Yes
Mericle, L.W. [500], USA K001159759 Yes
Way, M.J. [WSSB3], USA K001159772 Yes
Nelson, A. [1651], USA K001159780 Yes
Drummond [266], USA K001159786 Yes
Bush, B.F. [1588], USA K001159787 Yes
Héctor, J. [58], Mexico K001160268 Yes
Heller, A.A. [3733], USA K001159762 Yes
s.coll [12408], Argentina K001167886 Yes
Lundell, C.L. [5145], Mexico K000063666 Yes
Wallich [s.n.] K001168862 Yes
Cuming, H. [1090], Peru K001163834 Yes
Fortuna, J. [s.n.], Argentina K001167887 Yes
Morong, T. [1190], Chile K001167915 Yes
Drummond [93], USA K001159784 Yes
Way, M.J. [WSSB3], USA K001159771 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], USA K001159781 Yes
Wynd, F.L. [76], Mexico K000063669 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [8235], Argentina K001167885 Yes
White, L.D. [6], USA K001159776 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [5789], Argentina K001167909 Yes
Bush, B.F. [392], USA K001159764 Yes
Meyer, T. [9863], Argentina K001167883 Yes
Mericle, L.W. [500], USA K001159760 Yes
s.coll [713], Argentina K001167880 Yes
Zuck, M. [s.n.], USA K001159779 Yes
Hieronymus, G.H.E.W. [s.n.], Argentina K001167866 Yes
Eksteen [s.n.], South Africa K000658761 Yes
Palmer, E. [101], Mexico K000063665 Yes
Barkley, F.A. [14A539], USA K001159773 Yes
Palmer, E. [936], Mexico K000042492 Yes
Gillies [s.n.], Argentina K001167860 Yes
Elliott, C. [62], Chile K001167921 Yes
Newman, M. [315], USA K001159770 Yes
Cabrera, A.L. [7007], Argentina K001167889 Yes
s.coll [432], USA K001159767 Yes
Venturi, S. [7678], Argentina K001167890 Yes
s.coll [9], Argentina K001167863 Yes
Wooton, E.O. [59], USA K001159765 Yes
Coulter, T. [1268], Mexico K000042494 No
Gonan [s.n.] K001168859 Yes
Hannington, C. [22] K001168861 Yes
Reverchon, J. [2200], USA K001159790 Yes
Curtiss, A.H. [5913], USA K001159756 Yes
Aguilar, R.M. [425], Argentina K001167881 Yes
Gay, C. [s.n.], Chile K001167859 Yes
Stevens, G.W. [802], USA K001159761 Yes
Lindheimer, F.J. [1041], USA K001159788 Yes
Clausen, R.T. [4597], USA K001159752 Yes
Walker, A.J.K. [s.n.], Australia K001154382 Yes
Blumer, J.C. [1732], USA K001159778 Yes
Rush, A. [s.n.], USA K001159789 Yes
Russell, C. [s.n.], Mexico K001160266 Yes
s.coll [6068] K001168860 Yes
Cuezzo, A.R. [1302], Argentina K001167878 Yes
Lindheimer, F.J. [667], USA K001159783 Yes
Hannington, C. [23], Chile K001167877 Yes
St Pierre, M. [2601], Mexico K001160270 Yes
Symon, D.E. [9877a], Australia K001154385 Yes
Heller, A.A. [1511], USA K001159768 Yes
Ewan, J.A. [680], USA K001159793 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Chile K001167862 Yes
Herb. Gray, A. [13] K001159754 Yes
Aguilas, R.M. [555], Argentina K001167520 Yes
Cabrera, A.L. [7007], Argentina K001167873 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Argentina K001167918 Yes
Beetle, A.A. [26132], Chile K001167920 Yes
Santapaa, H. [16922], India K001153157 Yes
Cuezzo, A.R. [2254], Argentina K001167519 Yes
Balfour, W. [270], Argentina K001167864 Yes
Arnoldo, F. [1124] K001163833 Yes
Palmer, E. [935], Mexico K000042491 Yes
Piccimimi [2046], Argentina K001167908 Yes
Lorentz, P.G. [905], Uruguay K001167913 Yes
Vine, R.S. [81], Macedonia K001151565 Yes
Schwarz, G.J. [9758], Argentina K001167871 Yes
Cuezzo, A.R. [898], Argentina K001167879 Yes
Hansen, G. [1174], USA K001159794 Yes
Eyerdam, W.J. [23735], Argentina K001167869 Yes
Bridges [399] K001167861 Yes
Cuezzo, A.R. [872], Argentina K001167882 Yes
Pringle, C.G. [9370], Mexico K000063663 Yes
Fischer, W. [238], Argentina K001167888 Yes
Lindheimer, F.J. [667], USA K001159782 Yes
Wright, C. [1590], USA K001159785 Yes
Crosswhite, F.S. [720], USA K001159775 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Uruguay K001167912 Yes
Spencer, M.F. [1417], USA K001159792 Yes
Palmer, E. [941], Mexico K000063668 Yes
Dullas, W. [135], USA K001159777 Yes
s.coll [266], USA K001159755 Yes
Kiesling, R. [3006], Argentina K001167521 Yes
Plowman, T.C. [2711], Argentina K001167891 Yes
Hawkes, J.G. [1166], USA K001159763 Yes
Berlandier [1726] K001160267 Yes
Mexico K000042493 No
Palmer, E.J. [7678], USA K001159758 Yes
Lorentz [s.n.], Argentina K001167865 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [5790], Argentina K001167910 Yes
Paula-Souza, J. [7856], Argentina K001167518 Yes
s.coll [9], Argentina K001167872 Yes
Black, J.M. [s.n.], Australia K001154383 Yes
Nee, M. [11787], USA K001159753 Yes
s.coll [145], Uruguay K001167917 Yes
Calzada, J.I. [24391], Mexico K001160271 Yes
Ward, L.F. [s.n.], USA K001159774 Yes
Ewan, J.A. [680], USA K001159791 Yes
Nelson, E.W. [6429], Mexico K000063670 Yes
Torrey [57], Mexico K000042498 No
Herb Felippone [6200], Uruguay K001167876 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Argentina K001167916 Yes
Worthen, C.R. [16215], Chile K001167868 Yes
Lossen, W. [12], Argentina K001167870 Yes
Fendler, A. [672], USA K001159766 Yes
Goddard, D.R. [836], USA K001159769 Yes
Héctor, J. [58], Mexico K001160269 Yes
Lossen, W. [11], Argentina Solanum leprosum K001167828 Yes
Lossen, W. [166], Argentina Solanum leprosum K001167829 Yes


  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

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