Ficus sycomorus L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1059 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Africa to Syria. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Aweke in Meded. Landb. Wageningen 79-3: 72, fig. 18 (1979).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 321 (1961).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 263, fig. 92 (1952).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 30, t. 6B (1962).
  • Hutch. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 95 (1916).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 355 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 1059 (1753).
  • Mildbr. & Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 191 (1911).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 90 (1932).
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 449 (1982).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 260 (1952).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1983 Sim, T. R. [5644], Mozambique K000243368 Unknown type material Yes
Angus, A. [288], Zambia 13142.000 No
Angus, A. [1026], Zambia 15965.000 No
White, F. [2185], Zambia 15966.000 No
White, F. [2922], Zambia 15971.000 No
White, F. [2208], Zambia 15972.000 No
White, F. [1832], Zambia 16917.000 No
Sangster, R.G. [512], Uganda 16920.000 No
Richards, H.M. [13107], Zambia 22752.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [1532], Kenya 22921.000 No
Polhill, R. [1141], Tanzania 22940.000 No
Richards, H.M. [13176], Zambia 23420.000 No
Richards, H.M. [14805], Botswana 23749.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [3762], Kenya 29047.040 No
Ash [384], Ethiopia 33268.000 No
Vercourt, B., Kenya 35948.000 No
Headley, P.M. [231], Ethiopia 7506.000 No
Baron, R. [4885], Madagascar K000243427 Yes
Baron, R. [4660], Madagascar K000243428 Yes
Baron, R. [4965], Madagascar K000243429 Yes
Humblot, L. [164], Madagascar K000243430 No
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1650], Madagascar K000243431 Unknown type material Yes
Story, R. [4811], Botswana K000489682 No
Long, D.G. [226], Botswana K000489688 No
Smith, P. [56], Botswana K000489686 No
Pope, G.V. [337], Botswana K000489683 No
Richards, M. [14805], Botswana K000489680 No
Erens, J. [328], Botswana K000489681 No
Smith, P. [56], Botswana K000489685 No
Smith, P. [56], Botswana K000489684 No
Mott, P.J. [1065], Botswana K000489687 No
Son, F. van [26949], Botswana K000489689 No
Troupin, G. [3048], Rwanda Ficus gnaphalocarpa 11089.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2932], Zambia Ficus gnaphalocarpa 16904.000 No
Tanzania Ficus gnaphalocarpa 30372.000 No
Ash [1498], Ethiopia Ficus gnaphalocarpa 35613.000 No
Ash [961], Ethiopia Ficus gnaphalocarpa 37365.000 No
Sihvonen, J. [204], Burkina Faso Ficus gnaphalocarpa K000386629 No
Dubois, R. [111], Mali Ficus gnaphalocarpa K000386630 No
Hepper, F.N. [4192], Chad Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa 43836.000 No
Kotschy [518], Ethiopia Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa K000243281 Unknown type material Yes
Kotschy [518], Ethiopia Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa K000243282 Unknown type material Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/