Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

First published in London J. Bot. 3: 199 (1844)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Guyana and Peru. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Bois Noir de l'Inde, Cassie de Manille, Cassie Manie, Cassie Manille, Espino Playero, Guichigui, Huamuchil, Jangli Jalebi, Jina Extranjera, Kihy Vazaha, Kilimbezana, Kilivazaha, Kodaikaapulli, Madras Thorn, Manila Tamarind, Manilla Tamarind, Michiguiste,
[ILDIS]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2130 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbolito, árbol
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Native and cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2130 m.
[UPB]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 4–15 m. high, armed with spinescent stipules up to 12 mm. long.
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets puberulous to pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:petiole 0.3–2.8(–5) cm. long, glandular at apex at the junction of the single pair of pinnae; leaflets 1 pair, ± asymmetrically elliptic to obovate-elliptic, mostly 0.7–5 cm. long, 0.3–2.3 cm. wide, glabrous or inconspicuously hairy, rounded or emarginate to subacute at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy or yellow, in small heads 0.8–1 cm. wide on short peduncles arranged racemosely or paniculately in ± leafless inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–1.5 mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3–4.5 mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Free part of stamen-filaments about 6.5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods spirally twisted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, glossy, 9–10 mm. long, 7–8 mm. wide, covered with a white to reddish fleshy edible aril.
Habitat
Naturalized on fringe of woodland with Cussonia zimmermannii, Acacia spp. and Tamarindus indica; about 150 m. Perhaps derived from an agricultural research station that formerly existed at Mazeras
Distribution
K7 native of tropical America, but widely cultivated in other parts of the tropics and naturalized in many places
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
acacia tunuda, azabache, buche, buche colorado, chanchán, chiminango, dinde, espino, gallinero, ojito de nena, payandé, payandé bobo, pintacanillo, pisca, tiraco
[UNAL]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/130519803/149057978

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2130 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Casanare, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Small tree, Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Acacia tunuda, Azabache, Buche, Buche colorado, Chanchán, Chiminango, Dinde, Espino, Gallinero, Ojito de nena, Payandé, Payandé bobo, Pintacanillo
[UPFC]

Uses

Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Wood
[ILDIS]

Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Madras Thorn
Spanish
Carioto, madre de flecha, huamuchil, guamuchil, opiuma, camaliche, payandé, espino gallinero, chiminango, azabache, gallinero, dinde.

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/