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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Sinai to Arabian Peninsula, Iran to W. Indo-China.
Pergularia daemia

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scrambling twiner; stems and inflorescences pubescent with stiff spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole (1–)2–5(–12) cm long; blade 2.5–11 x 2.5–11 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, apex acute to shortly attenuate, base strongly cordate, pubescent with stiff hairs principally restricted to veins beneath to densely pubescent on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicels and Peduncles
Peduncles 4–12(–20) cm long; pedicels 1.5–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1–4 mm long, ovate to linear, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, cream or green, sometimes marked brown outside; tube 2–4 mm long, campanulate; lobes 5–13(–16) x 3–5 mm, ovate to elliptic, subacute or acute, glabrous on both surfaces apart from the long-pubescent base and margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Outer corona-lobes c. 1 x 1.5 mm, oblong, truncate to dentate; inner corona-lobes 4–9 mm long.
Distribution
N1–3; C1; S1–3; widespread across Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Indian subcontinent.
Ecology
Altitude range 200–1600 m.

[FWTA]

Asclepiadaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A high climbing herbaceous or semi-woody climber
Ecology
Of forest edges and damp savanna
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
White or greenish sweet-scented flowers.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Scrambling herbaceous twiner, sometimes woody towards the base.
Morphology Stem
Stems and inflorescences glabrous or pubescent with stiff, spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole (1–)2–5(–12) cm long, minutely pubescent; lamina thin, broadly ovate to suborbicular, 2–11 × 1.5–11 cm, apex attenuate to acuminate, base strongly cordate, glabrous to pubescent with stiff hairs principally restricted to veins beneath to densely pubescent on both surfaces; peduncles (2 –)4–11(– 20) cm long, glabrous or pubescent; pedicels 1.5–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly ovate to oblong, 1.5–4 × 0.6–1 mm, acute, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish white or yellow-green, sometimes marked with pink or brown outside; tube 2–6 mm long; lobes ovate or oblong to elliptic, 5–10(–16) × 1.8–5 mm, subacute or acute, glabrous abaxially, upper surface bearded towards the margins and frequently at the base of the lobes, otherwise glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
United, tubular part of outer corona barely visible beyond mouth of corolla tube or exserted for 0.5–1 mm, lobes arising from the interstaminal parts of the tube, oblong, 0.5–1 × 0.5–1.5 mm, truncate, entire or shallowly toothed; inner corona lobes slender to stout, 2.5–7(– 9) mm long, the apical projection reaching to the top of the column, often projecting much further, the basal tails spreading outwards from the column
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filament tube extending 2–4 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube but frequently obscured by staminal corona lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings 0.8–2 mm long; pollinaria with laterally compressed corpusculum ± 0.3 × 0.1 mm in dorsal view, with a keel ± 0.2 mm deep viewed laterally; translator arms ± 0.2 mm long, flattened and curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia flattened, oblanceolate, 0.6–0.9 × 0.3 mm, the outer margin of each pollinium translucent for most of its length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles solitary or paired, narrowly ovoid to fusiform, 5–8 × 0.8–2 cm, with a long, curved beak, subglabrous to densely pubescent, with or without soft, pubescent processes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate, 4–7 × 2–4 mm, entire or sometimes with a somewhat crenulate or dentate margin, densely pubescent on one or both faces
Figures
Fig 88, p 365

Doubtfully present in:

Algeria

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2004 s.coll. [s.n.] K000872796 holotype
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1757], Cameroon K000107567
May 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2824], Cameroon K000107557
May 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [631], Cameroon K000107568
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9608], Cameroon K000107571
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1571], Cameroon K000107569
Sep 1, 1996 Williams, S. [138], Cameroon K000011916
Apr 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14713], Cameroon K000028318
Milne-Redhead, E. [5007], Nigeria 22862.000
Lucas, G.Ll., Kenya 29438.000
Ash [178], Ethiopia 6049.377
Van Someren, C.G. [Sh.11], Kenya 6752.000
Migeod, F. W. H. [93], Cameroon K000028319

First published in Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 115 (1916)

Accepted by

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. & al. (eds.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 6: 1-408. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Ali, S.I. (1983). Flora of Pakistan 150: 1-65. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34: 1-158. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1983). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 4: 1-532. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1970). Flora Iranica 73: 1-21. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Res. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 115 (1916).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. & al. (eds.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 6: 1-408. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34: 1-158. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by D. Goyder [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: t. 17 (1987)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 90 (1963)
  • Fl. Eth. 4(1): 133, fig. 140.20 (2003)
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 148, fig. 101 (2006).
  • Result. Sci. Miss. Stef.-Paoli, Coll. Bot. 1: 115 (1916)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 180 (1994)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/