Crepidorhopalon rupestris (Engl.) Eb.Fisch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Tanzania, Njombe District: Livingstone Mt, Goetze 811 (B†, holo.). Neotype: Tanzania, Rungwe District: Kyimbila, N of Lake Nyassa, Stolz 791 (K!, chosen here)
Morphology General Habit
Erect to spreading annual, (3–)6–14(–18) cm tall, simple or branched.
Morphology Stem
Stems leafy below or towards base, quadrangular, minutely glandular to subglabrous; branches opposite or less frequently alternate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, or lowermost with short, petiole-like base, broadly ovate to elliptic-oblong, 8–18(–25) mm long, 3.5–13(–18) mm wide, rounded at base or lowermost subcuneate, apex obtuse or rounded, margins shortly dentate or lower subentire, sparsely glandular-pubescent to subglabrous, palmately 5-veined, veins  ± prominent beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in lax, terminal or lateral leafless racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves but smaller, becoming more so above, each member of pair of different size with smaller subtending flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm long, minutely glandular-pubescent; lobes narrowly linear, 3–4 mm long, acuminate, widely spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, orange-yellow or white, up to 7(–10) mm long, upper lip oblong-ovate, lobes of lower lip with large, yellow clavate hairs ± 0.15 mm long at throat, rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, all fertile; anterior filaments 4–7 mm long with papillose appendage ± 1 mm long present at base, clavate at base, antero-lateral ridge not evident
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (2.5–)3–4 mm long, 3–4 mm broad, globose or globose-obovoid, shorter than calyx, glabrous.
Ecology
Open grassland and Brachystegia and Julbernardia and other woodlands, on wet sandy and stony or peaty soils; 1000–1750 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Range: Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U3 U4 K5 T1 T3 T4 T7 T8

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect to spreading annual, (3)6–14(18) cm. tall, simple or branched; stems leafy below or towards base, quadrangular, minutely glandular to subglabrous; branches opposite or less frequently alternate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, or lowermost with short petiole-like base, 8–18(25) x 3.5–13(18) mm., broadly ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or rounded, rounded at base or lowermost subcuneate, shortly dentate or lower subentire, sparsely glandular-pubescent to subglabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in lax, terminal or lateral leafless racemes, pedicellate, bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves but smaller, becoming more so above, each member of pair of different size with smaller subtending flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm. long, minutely glandular-pubescent; lobes 3–4 mm. long, narrowly linear, acuminate widely spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, orange-yellow or white, upper lip also recorded as purple [King 300]; upper lip oblong-ovate, lobes of lower lip with large, yellow clavate hairs c. 0.15 mm. long at throat, rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Anterior filaments 4–7 mm. long with papillose appendage c. 1 mm. long produced at base, antero-lateral ridge not evident.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (2.5)3–4 x 3–4 mm., globose or globose-obovoid, shorter than calyx, glabrous.

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crepidorhopalon rupestris (Engl.) Eb.Fisch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 25, 1998 Stolz, A. [791], Tanzania Lindernia rupestris K000379655 neotype Yes
Sep 25, 1998 Brown, E. [117], Uganda Lindernia rupestris K000379656 Unknown type material Yes
Oct 1, 2009 Bingham [12670], Zambia Lindernia insularis K000191345 No
Oct 1, 2009 Bingham [12685], Zambia Lindernia insularis K000191346 No
Richards, H., Zambia Lindernia insularis 17732.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [9461], Tanzania Lindernia insularis 23774.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [4796], Kenya Lindernia insularis 2570.000 No
Faulkner, H. [2173], Tanzania Lindernia insularis 2571.000 No
Tweedie [3486], Kenya Lindernia insularis 53331.000 No

First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 67: 376 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0