Crepidorhopalon rupestris (Engl.) Eb.Fisch.

First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 67: 376 (1999)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa. It is an annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Tanzania, Njombe District: Livingstone Mt, Goetze 811 (B†, holo.). Neotype: Tanzania, Rungwe District: Kyimbila, N of Lake Nyassa, Stolz 791 (K!, chosen here)
Morphology General Habit
Erect to spreading annual, (3–)6–14(–18) cm tall, simple or branched.
Morphology Stem
Stems leafy below or towards base, quadrangular, minutely glandular to subglabrous; branches opposite or less frequently alternate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, or lowermost with short, petiole-like base, broadly ovate to elliptic-oblong, 8–18(–25) mm long, 3.5–13(–18) mm wide, rounded at base or lowermost subcuneate, apex obtuse or rounded, margins shortly dentate or lower subentire, sparsely glandular-pubescent to subglabrous, palmately 5-veined, veins  ± prominent beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in lax, terminal or lateral leafless racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves but smaller, becoming more so above, each member of pair of different size with smaller subtending flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm long, minutely glandular-pubescent; lobes narrowly linear, 3–4 mm long, acuminate, widely spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, orange-yellow or white, up to 7(–10) mm long, upper lip oblong-ovate, lobes of lower lip with large, yellow clavate hairs ± 0.15 mm long at throat, rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, all fertile; anterior filaments 4–7 mm long with papillose appendage ± 1 mm long present at base, clavate at base, antero-lateral ridge not evident
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (2.5–)3–4 mm long, 3–4 mm broad, globose or globose-obovoid, shorter than calyx, glabrous.
Ecology
Open grassland and Brachystegia and Julbernardia and other woodlands, on wet sandy and stony or peaty soils; 1000–1750 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Range: Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U3 U4 K5 T1 T3 T4 T7 T8
[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect to spreading annual, (3)6–14(18) cm. tall, simple or branched; stems leafy below or towards base, quadrangular, minutely glandular to subglabrous; branches opposite or less frequently alternate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, or lowermost with short petiole-like base, 8–18(25) x 3.5–13(18) mm., broadly ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or rounded, rounded at base or lowermost subcuneate, shortly dentate or lower subentire, sparsely glandular-pubescent to subglabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in lax, terminal or lateral leafless racemes, pedicellate, bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves but smaller, becoming more so above, each member of pair of different size with smaller subtending flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm. long, minutely glandular-pubescent; lobes 3–4 mm. long, narrowly linear, acuminate widely spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, orange-yellow or white, upper lip also recorded as purple [King 300]; upper lip oblong-ovate, lobes of lower lip with large, yellow clavate hairs c. 0.15 mm. long at throat, rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Anterior filaments 4–7 mm. long with papillose appendage c. 1 mm. long produced at base, antero-lateral ridge not evident.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (2.5)3–4 x 3–4 mm., globose or globose-obovoid, shorter than calyx, glabrous.
[FZ]

Uses

Use
None recorded on specimens from our area
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0