Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Kenya, S. Mozambique to SE. Cape Prov.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber with one to few main stems.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tuber spindle-shaped, up to 30 cm diameter.
Morphology Stem
Aerial stems up to at least 2 m long, branching lateral, velutinous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf petiole 1–15 mm long; blade obovate, narrowly obovate or ovate, 3–11 × 0.5–5 cm, acute, obtuse or truncate-mucronate, above velutinous to glabrous, beneath velutinous, primary vein prominent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences subterminal, 7–30-flowered, velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 5–25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts narrowly ovate, 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, 2–4 × 1–2 mm, acute to obtuse, outside velutinous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla green, outside velutinous; tube campanulate, 2–3 mm long; lobes reflexed, yellow-green with reddish to purple triangular spot at base, oblong-ovate to ovate, 5–7 × 2–3 mm, obtuse to acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes tripartite, white; central segment filiform with dilated base, apex tortuose, 4–10 mm long, papillose; lateral segments corniculate, 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal filaments filiform, ± 2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ovate, ± 2 mm long, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terete, ± 1.5 mm long; style-head ovoid, ± 1.5 mm long, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium base in corolla mouth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles paired, seldom solitary, pendulous, cylindrical-ovoid, 5–10 cm long, ± 1 cm diameter, puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 6–7 mm long; coma 1–2 cm long.
Ecology
Dry bushland, dry forest or streambank forest; 1000–1800 m
Note
It is surprising to find R. flanaganii in Kenya while it is absent from Tanzania and just about so from Mozambique, but the absence is probably due to poor collecting. The plants found in Kenya have smaller flowers than those in South Africa.
Distribution
Flora districts: K4 K6 Range: Mozambique and South Africa

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Swaziland

Raphionacme flanaganii Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Downs, P. [11269], South Africa 33078.000
Gerrard [1312], South Africa K000234160 Unknown type material
Flanagan, H.G. [118], South Africa K000234161 Unknown type material

First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 2 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Illustrated handbook of succulent plants Asclepiadaceae, corr. 2nd printing: 1-318. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,New York.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.J. 18, Beibl. 45: 2 (1894)
  • Fl. Pl. Afr. 40: t. 1599 (1970).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0