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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb of up to 50 cm high, 1–3-stemmed.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tuber narrowly ovoid to obconical, 8–20 cm long, 2–6 cm diameter.
Morphology Stem
Aerial stems erect, branching lateral, sparsely puberulent, sparsely scabrous or pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often only develop after flowering; petioles 0–3 mm long; blade linear, linear-ovate, narrowly ovate, ovate, narrowly obovate, obovate or elliptic, 3–12 × 1–4 cm, acute, attenuate, acuminate or obtuse-mucronate, base cuneate to obtuse, above glabrous to sparsely puberulous or sparsely scabridulous, beneath sparsely puberulent, sparsely scabridulous, densely pubescent or scabrous; midrib prominent, secondary veins looping towards apex, margin often wavy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal and axillary, lax, 1–10-flowered, puberulous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1–15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate to narrowly triangular, 1–2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 5–30 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate to triangular, 2–4 × 1–2 mm, outside sparsely puberulent to pubescent, reddish-green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube campanulate or narrowly urceolate to broadly urceolate, 2–4 mm long, outside glabrous to sparsely pubescent or puberulent, greenish; lobes reflexed, narrowly ovate, narrowly elliptic, narrowly obovate or narrowly triangular, 10–30 × 2–9 mm, obtuse to acute, outside brownish-pink, dark brown or greenish, sparsely pubescent or hirsute, inside whitish-pink, pink, mauve or purple to blueish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Coronal feet columnar, exserted, 1–2 mm long, basally fused into an annulus with fleshy lobules; upper part purple to white, filiform, (4–)7–12(–20) mm long, tortuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens from inner apex of coronal columns, filaments purple, 2–4 mm long, semi-erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers greenish, ovate to narrowly ovate, acute, 2–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–8 mm long, terete; central part swollen cone-like or oblong-like, vertically furrowed with fine hairs; style-head greenish, oblong-ovoid, acute, (2–)4–6(–8) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium elevated above corolla mouth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles single, rarely paired, erect, very narrowly ovoid, 5–11 cm long, 4–15 mm diameter, glabrous, puberulous or hirsute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds narrowly ovate, 5–8 mm long; coma 25–30 mm long.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Raphionacme splendens Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bullock, A.A. [3115A], Tanzania 1070.000
Bullock, A.A. [3137A], Tanzania 30806.000
Mavi, S. [634], Zimbabwe K000234171 isotype
Gossweiler, J. [3273], Angola K000234173
Scott Elliot, G.F. [s.n.], Tanzania K000234178 Unknown type material
Scott Elliot, G.F. [s.n.], Tanzania K000234179 Unknown type material

First published in J. Bot. 33: 301 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Illustrated handbook of succulent plants Asclepiadaceae, corr. 2nd printing: 1-318. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,New York.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Raphianacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75: 292-350.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Rwanda 3: 110 (1985)
  • Illustr. Handb. Succ. Pl.: Asclepiadaceae: 227 (2002).
  • J.B. 33: 301 (1895)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0