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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, 1–3 m tall, with simple and usually also branched hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile or shortly petiolate; blade elliptic to obovate, up to 50–120 × 20–50 mm, more densely hairy beneath, apex obtuse to acute or sometimes acuminate, base cuneate, margin crenate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences rather lax; bracts deciduous or persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx deciduous, 12–22 mm long, apparently open, almost glabrous in the mouth, purple before maturation; upper lobe folded over and obscuring the rest of the calyx, narrowly ovate, 13–22 × 9–15 mm, cordate at the base, densely hairy near the pedicel with rather long ± branched hairs; lateral and lower lobes subequal, deltoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 13–16 mm long, pale purple; tube only slightly broadened towards the throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anterior stamens 3–6 mm longer than the lower lip of the corolla; posterior pair without knee-bend or outgrowth; anthers with divergent thecae
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets probably solitary in the fruit, c. 3.5 × 2 mm, smooth, brown, not producing mucilage when wet.
Distribution
S1–3; southern and eastern Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 40–500 m.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Kenya, Machakos District: between Ulu and Ukamba, Fischer 500 (B†, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial shrub to 3 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems rounded-quadrangular to quadrangular, erect or scrambling, branched, branches often twiggy, sometimes new shoots coming from apparently dead ones, woody, sometimes striate, at base pubescent with mainly simple, antrorse or patent, often pinkish hairs, becoming denser and more strongly coloured on the inflorescence axis and with scattered sessile glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile, paler beneath, ovate, 2–10 × 1–3 cm, crenate or serrate, apex acute or obtuse, sometimes bullate at tip, base cuneate, tomentose with simple and dendroid hairs beneath, pubescent with simple hairs or subglabrous and scabrid above, often with yellow sessile glands on both surfaces; petiole 0–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, verticils 1–2 cm apart; bracts purplish, cucullate around young buds, sometimes forming a small apical coma, deciduous below, ovate, 3–7 × 2–3 mm, cuspidate; pedicels 5–7 mm long, ascending, terete, curved at tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx purplish, ± horizontal or slightly downward-pointing, 5–6 mm long at anthesis, tube bearded with sometimes pink, laxly branched, dendroid hairs, interior of the tube with scattered, short, patent glandular hairs; posterior lip rounded, decurrent, median and lateral lobes of anterior lip equal, lanceolate; fruiting calyx 10–15 mm long, throat closed; posterior lip expanded, membranous, round, decurrent for the entire length of the calyx and curling around the anterior lip at edges, apex exceeding anterior lip by 3–4 mm; anterior lip equally 4-lobed and pressed against the undersurface of the posterior lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 9–12 mm long, white or pink, tube scarcely exceeding calyx tube, slightly curved, ± funnel-shaped; indumentum pubescent with laxly branched dendroid hairs and yellow sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted 3–5 mm; posterior filaments ciliate in basal half, narrowing sharply at insertion, inappendiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, obovoid, glabrous, not producing mucilage when wet.
Ecology
Acacia, Commiphora, Combretum bushland, lava slopes; 100–1250 m
Conservation
Least concern
Distribution
Range: Ethiopia and Somalia Flora districts: K1 K4 K7 T3

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

Ocimum spectabile (Gürke) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Goyder, D.J. [3955], Kenya Erythrochlamys spectabilis 59793.000

First published in R.Hiltunen & Y.Holm (eds.), Basil: 27 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Paton & al. in Holm & Hiltunen, Medicinal and aromatic plants - industrial profiles: 1–38 (1999).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Somalia 3: 338 (2006).
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 27 (1999)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0