Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Kenya, Kiambu/Nairobi District: Juja Farm, banks of the Undurango, Mearns 55 (BM!, holo. C, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with several stems arising from a woody rootstock to 15 cm tall, variously reported as aromatic or not
Morphology Stem
Stems prostrate or ascending, roundedquadrangular, pubescent with retrorse hairs and with antrorse hairs at nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spreading or ascending, sometimes with fascicles of younger leaves in axils, shortly petiolate or sessile; blade ovate, elliptic, oblong or obovate, 0.3–2 × 0.2–0.7 cm, entire, apex obtuse to rounded, base cuneate, pubescent or sparsely so with hairs often restricted to veins below, glandular-punctate; petiole 0–1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence condensed or lax with 6-flowered verticils touching in flower and up to 25 mm apart in fruit; bracts 1–2 mm long, forming an inconspicuous terminal coma above, soon deciduous, the scar forming a bowl-shaped nectary; pedicels 2–3 mm long, spreading, slightly flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2.5–3 mm long at anthesis, pubescent and with sessile glands; posterior lip obovate, purplish, mucronate at apex; lateral lobes of anterior lip obliquely truncate, ciliate and ± slightly fimbriate towards subulate-aristate median lobes; fruiting calyx 6–7.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pinkish or white with pink markings, 5–11 mm long; tube 3–6 mm long, slightly curved, dorsally gibbous, dilating at throat; lobes of posterior lip fimbriate; anterior lip slightly deflexed or horizontal, concave around filaments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted 5–13 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets pale brown, broadly ovoid, 1.5 mm long, smooth, producing mucilage when wet
Figures
Fig 25: 1, p 164
Ecology
Areas prone to flooding in open woodland or grassland, often on black clay soils or volcanic sand, often in overgrazed places; 1500–2100 m
Conservation
Least concern
Distribution
Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: U ?, K3 K4 K6 T2

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

Ocimum mearnsii (Ayob. ex Sebald) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

First published in R.Hiltunen & Y.Holm (eds.), Basil: 32 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 32 (1999).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0