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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
A bushy shrub or small, branched tree up to c. 6 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems with grey, rough, longitudinally fissured bark.
Morphology Branches
Branches densely appressed-pubescent, the indumentum of T-shaped hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; petiole up to c. 4 cm. long, indumentum similar to that of branches; lamina up to c. 23 x 9 cm., ovate to lanceolate, tapering to apex, base rounded sometimes unequally, or broadly cuneate, margins entire sometimes obscurely serrate, upper surface glabrous and somewhat shiny, lower sparsely to densely pubescent or appressed tomentellous, indumentum of fine ± matted T-shaped hairs, nervation somewhat prominent below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula very numerous in ± dense clusters up to c. 18 cm. across, or much fewer in lax terminal clusters, capitula stalks 3–15 mm. long densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucres mostly 4.5–6 x 2–3.5 mm., subspherical to narrowly ellipsoid-cylindrical, ± contracted at mouth, less often 8–16 x 6–11 mm. and obovoid-oblong; phyllaries tightly appressed imbricate increasing in size towards the inside, outermost from c. 1 mm. long and ovate-acute, inner mostly to c. 6 mm. long, less often to c. 11 x 2–3 mm. and oblanceolate to very narrowly elliptic, apices acute to rounded submucronate, lamina somewhat cartilaginous, soon glabrescent, margins subscarious and ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 4–20 per capitulum; corollas purplish-mauve or fading white, 7–11 mm. long narrowly funnel-shaped glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 3–5 mm. long, narrowly 2–3-angular turbinate, obscurely 5–10-ribbed or smooth, glabrous and ± glandular between ribs; pappus exserted beyond involucre and shaving-brush-like, outer pappus of short linear-lanceolate scales; inner of white or sordid flattened setae 6–9 mm. long closely serrulate-barbellate.
Diagnostic
Distinguished from V. bellinghamii S. Moore on leaf size and shape V. exsertiflora exhibits a similar pattern of variation in the inflorescence and involucre size and shape, namely a reduction in the number of capitula with a corresponding increase in size.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 2-6 m tall; bark dark grey, rough, longitudinally fissured or corrugated; stems densely tomentose with asymmetrically T-shaped hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, elliptic to ovate, 6.5-23 cm long, 2.6-9 cm wide, base cuneate to rounded, margins entire or minutely sinuate-denticulate, apex obscurely acuminate, apiculate, dark green and glossy, glabrous except for midrib above, white- or grey-tomentellous or less often -pubescent beneath; petiole 1.3-4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula numerous in dense terminal compound corymbiform cymes; stalks of individual capitula 3-15 mm, densely pubescent; involucre 4.5-6(-14?) mm long, cylindrical in the north, ovoid in the south; phyllaries 5-6-seriate, erect, appressed, green or grey, glossy, the outer shortest, broadly ovate to elliptic, obtuse to rounded, obscurely apiculate, the innermost 4.3-5.6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 4-20 per capitulum; corolla white, 5.5-8.5 mm long, lobes glabrous, 2.2-3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 3-5 mm long, obscurely 5-7-ribbed, glabrous, glandular between the ribs; outer pappus of oblong to linear laciniate scales 0.5-1.5 mm long, inner pappus whitish or pale yellow, 5-9 mm long.

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Gymnanthemum exsertiflorum (Baker) H.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 1987 Richards, H.M. [1529], Zambia Vernonia exsertiflora var. tenuicalyx K000273040
Bidgood, S. [6356], Tanzania Vernonia exsertiflora var. tenuicalyx K000468069
Jan 1, 1997 Goetze, W. [1018], Tanzania Vernonia exsertiflora K000272962
Tanner, R. [432], Tanzania Vernonia exsertiflora 16246.000
Welwitsch [3261], Angola Vernonia exsertiflora K000273140 Unknown type material
Welwitsch [3260], Angola Vernonia exsertiflora K000273141 Unknown type material
Bidgood, S. [5570], Tanzania Vernonia exsertiflora K000468854

First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 112: 241 (1999)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0