Stapelia gigantea N.E.Br.

First published in Gard. Chron., n.s., 7: 684 (1877)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Tropical & S. Africa. It is a succulent subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Botswana, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, India, Kenya, Tanzania

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Illustrated handbook of succulent plants Asclepiadaceae, corr. 2nd printing: 1-318. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg,New York.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar 1-2: 1-606. Umdaus press, Hatfield, South Africa.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Liede-Schumann, S. & al. (2020). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 27: 1-335. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bruyns, Stapeliads S. Africa Madagascar 2: 472 (2005).
  • Leach in Excelsa Taxon. Ser. 3: 10 (1985).
  • N.E. Br. in Gard. Chron., ser. nov. 7: 684 (1877).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar 1-2: 1-606. Umdaus press, Hatfield, South Africa.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Excelsa Tax. Ser. 3: 10 (1985)
  • Gard. Chron., ser. nov. 7: 684 (1877)
  • Stap. south. Afr. Madag. 2: 472 (2005).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1985 Young, R.G.N. [17301], Zimbabwe K000306100 holotype Yes
Jun 1, 1981 Gerrard, W.T. [717], South Africa K000306093 Unknown type material Yes
Jun 1, 1981 Nelson, W. [114], South Africa K000306094 Yes
Eyles, F. [7634], Zimbabwe 2013.000 No
Eyles, F. [7633], Zimbabwe 2014.000 No
Eyles, F. [7638], Zimbabwe 2015.000 No
South Africa 2016.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa 25037.000 No
29863.000 No
Wilkin, P. [744], Zimbabwe 59256.000 No
South Africa 8048.000 No
8058.000 No
70000.162 No
K000306096 Unknown type material Yes
MacOwan [s.n.], South Africa K000306095 Yes
K000306097 Unknown type material Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images