Genus:
Euphorbia L.

Euphorbia hyssopifolia L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
canchalagua, celedonia

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2700 m.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2700 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2700 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Quindío, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Herb de pollo, Lechosa, Verruguero

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An erect, branched, rather graceful, annual herb, to 18 in. or more high
Note
An introduced weed.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, semi-prostrate to erect, with branches to 40 cm. long, glabrous except for usually a few scattered hairs on branches, leaves and young growth.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-ovate, to 2.5 × 1 cm. but usually much smaller, base obliquely rounded, apex rounded, margin minutely toothed; petiole 1 mm. long; stipules broadly triangular, to 0.75 mm. long, fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia in terminal and axillary cymes, with peduncles elongating up to 10 mm. within each cyme; bracts enlarging from 1 mm. long to eventually resemble the leaves. Cyathia ± 0.8 × 0.8 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glands 4, green tinged red, minute, rounded, with minute creamy appendages; lobes acutely triangular, less than 0.2 mm. long.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles fimbriate; stamens 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm. long, suberect, bifid almost to the base. Male flowers:bracteoles fimbriate; stamens 1 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm. long, suberect, bifid almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 1.25 mm. long, acutely 3-lobed, with base truncate, 1.5 × 1.5 mm., glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 1 × 0.5 mm., reddish black, with 3 transverse ridges.
Figures
Fig. 77/4, 5, p. 416.
Habitat
Disturbed ground in grassland and stony, sandy soils; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
T6 T7 recently introduced weed of central America, also found extensively in West Africa

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[UPFC]
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central American Pac, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Liberia, Mali, Mexican Pacific Is., Nansei-shoto, New South Wales, New York, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Queensland, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Togo, Western Australia

Spanish
Hierba de pollo, verruguero, lechosa.

Euphorbia hyssopifolia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2012 Figueiredo, L. [256], Brazil K001210623 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Hinton, G.B. [5548], Guerrero K000476505 No
Oct 1, 2002 Schomburgk [73], Guyana K000253844 isotype Yes
Oct 1, 2002 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Para K000253846 Yes
Oct 1, 2002 Schomburgk [73], Guyana K000253843 holotype Yes
Oct 1, 1996 Way, M.J. [2481], Brazil K001210621 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Jansen- Jacobs, M. [2674], Guyana K000253847 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Rambo, B. [46209], Rio Grande do Sul K000716314 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Irwin, H.S. et al. [26962], Minas Gerais K000716313 Yes
Brazil K000253845 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Uruguay K001210567 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8319], Brazil K001210569 Yes
Pereira, E. [10708], Brazil K001210571 Yes
Philcox, D. [3155], Brazil K001210582 Yes
Silva, A. [158], Brazil K001210585 Yes
Harley, R.M. [16623], Brazil K001210602 Yes
Harley, R.M. [17234], Brazil K001210603 Yes
Eiten, G. [9827], Brazil K001210609 Yes
Eiten, G. [10836], Brazil K001210632 Yes
Eiten, G. [4043], Brazil K001210554 Yes
Eiten, G. [10576], Brazil K001210633 Yes
Isabelle, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001210593 Yes
Anderson, W.R. [37088], Brazil K001210614 Yes
Camerik, A.M. [88], Brazil K001210611 Yes
Lucena, M.F.A. [25], Brazil K001210626 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [6357], Brazil K001210608 Yes
s.coll. [700], Brazil K001210558 Yes
Harley, R.M. [22872], Brazil K001210635 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8319], Brazil K001210589 Yes
Agra, M.F. [1301], Brazil K001210619 Yes
Anderson, W.R. [37002], Brazil K001210636 Yes
Ule, E. [6841], Peru K001210587 Yes
Gaudichaud [s.n.], Brazil K001210557 Yes
Hopkins, M.J.G. [786], Brazil K001210620 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001210594 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54587], Brazil K001210622 Yes
Ribeiro, P.L. [75], Brazil K001210579 Yes
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001210562 Yes
Ule, E. [8200], Brazil K001210561 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [7586], Brazil K001210578 Yes
Dusén, P. [14721], Brazil K001210590 Yes
Eiten, G. [4026], Brazil K001210555 Yes
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001210597 Yes
Ule, E. [8201], Brazil K001210560 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [36105], Brazil K001210612 Yes
Appun, C. [1813], Guyana K001210596 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [23199], Brazil K001210640 Yes
Philcox, D. [3753], Brazil K001210583 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001210565 Yes
Martius [842], Brazil K001210566 Yes
s.coll. [1669], Brazil K001210599 Yes
Belém, R.P. [1242], Brazil K001210631 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [26077], Brazil K001210630 Yes
Middleton [s.n.] K001210564 Yes
Silva, G.P. [2481], Brazil K001210576 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [35062], Brazil K001210606 Yes
Eiten, G. [9993], Brazil K001210641 Yes
Stannard, B. [51571], Brazil K001210616 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001210595 Yes
Menezes, E. [87], Brazil K001210625 Yes
Silva, A. [158], Brazil K001210586 Yes
Pereira, E. [10708], Brazil K001210570 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [72-223], Brazil K001210601 Yes
Eiten, G. [3300], Brazil K001210615 Yes
Agra, M.F. [1301], Brazil K001210618 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [20474], Brazil K001210556 Yes
Harley, R.M. [10879], Brazil K001210572 Yes
Pearce, R. [s.n.] K001210581 Yes
Sales, M.R.C. [233], Brazil K001210627 Yes
Eiten, G. [3710b], Brazil K001210584 Yes
Austin, D.F. [7017], Brazil K001210559 Yes
Sales, M. [387], Brazil K001210629 Yes
Philcox, D. [3174], Brazil K001210574 Yes
Eiten, G. [8653], Brazil K001210604 Yes
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001210598 Yes
Fróes, R.L. [1820], Brazil K001210588 Yes
Costa, M.A.S. [124], Brazil K001210605 Yes
Anderson, W.R. [7019], Brazil K001210634 Yes
Maas, P.J.M. [298], Brazil K001210577 Yes
Ridley [199], Brazil K001210600 Yes
Lowe, J. [3968], Brazil K001210607 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [5545], Brazil K001210573 Yes
Hind, D.J.N. [50011], Brazil K001210617 Yes
Smith, G. [88], Brazil K001210575 Yes
Lira, S.S. [67], Brazil K001210624 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [31468], Brazil K001210613 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [27341], Brazil K001210637 Yes
Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M146], Brazil K001210580 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [16667], Brazil K001210639 Yes
Marcon, A.B. [73], Brazil K001210628 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [11545], Brazil K001210568 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [10562], Guerrero K000476503 No
Hinton, G.B. [11434], Guerrero K000476504 No
Irwin, H.S. [26775], Brazil K001210638 Yes
s.coll. [1669], Brazil K001210591 Yes
Lowe, J. [4229], Brazil K001210610 Yes
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001210563 Yes
Ecuador K001378550 Yes
Neth. Antilles K001494668 Yes
Neth. Antilles K001494669 Yes
Panama K001494670 Yes
Panama K001494671 Yes
Panama K001494672 Yes
Panama K001494673 Yes
Panama K001494674 Yes
Panama K001494675 Yes
Panama K001494676 Yes
Ecuador K001494678 Yes
Ecuador K001494679 Yes
Ecuador K001494680 Yes
n/a K001494681 Yes
n/a K001494682 Yes
n/a K001494683 Yes
n/a K001494684 Yes
n/a K001494685 Yes
n/a K001494686 Yes
n/a K001494687 Yes
n/a K001494688 Yes
n/a K001494689 Yes
n/a K001494690 Yes
n/a K001494691 Yes
n/a K001501488 Yes
n/a K001501489 Yes
n/a K001501490 Yes
n/a K001501491 Yes
n/a Euphorbia brasiliensis K001501483 Yes
n/a Euphorbia brasiliensis K001501484 Yes
n/a Euphorbia brasiliensis K001501485 Yes
n/a Euphorbia brasiliensis K001501486 Yes
n/a Euphorbia brasiliensis K001501487 Yes

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1048 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 3: 1-634. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010). The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision: 1-430. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Christenhusz, M.J.M. (2002). Notes on Euphorbia and Pedilanthus (Euphorbiaceae) in the Guianas Harvard Papers in Botany 7: 1-6.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Halford, D.A. & Harris, W.K. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Euphorbia section Anisophyllum Roeper (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia Austrobaileya 8: 441-600.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Vladimirov, V. & Kit Tan (2016). New floristic records in the Balkans: 31 Phytologia Balcanica 22: 429-467.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Yang, Y., Riina, R., Morawetz, J.J., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X. & Berry, P.E. (2012). Molecular phylogenetics and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) Taxon 61: 764-789.
  • da Silva, O.L.M., Cordeiro, I. & Caruzo, M.B.R. (2014). Synopsis of Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil Phytotaxa 181: 193-215.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Not accepted by

  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press. [Cited as Chamaesyce hyssopifolia.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Syst., ed. 10: 1048 (1759).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 3: 1-634. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Halford, D.A. & Harris, W.K. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Euphorbia section Anisophyllum Roeper (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia Austrobaileya 8: 441-600.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
  • Vladimirov, V. & Kit Tan (2016). New floristic records in the Balkans: 31 Phytologia Balcanica 22: 429-467.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 419 (1958).
  • L., Syst. Nat. 10: 1048 (1759).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/