Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania.

[FTEA]

Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Tanzania, Iringa District: Udzungwa Escarpment, Luhega Forest Reserve, Frimodt-Møller et al. NG092 (K!, holo.; C!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, basal part of stems creeping and rooting, apical part erect, to 25 cm tall; young stems not conspicuously swollen below nodes, sericeous-tomentose with long curly many-celled hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 4, dark green above, paler beneath; petiole 0.5–2 cm long; lamina gradually narrowed below middle, ovate to elliptic, largest 4–10 × 2–4 cm, apex subacute to acuminate, with a more or less well-defined tip, base attenuate, margin slightly crenate, sparsely sericeouspubescent along veins beneath, above with scattered hairs on veins and lamina; with 3–5 main lateral veins each side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes 1–2 cm long; peduncle 1.5–3.5 cm long, sericeous-tomentose with long many-celled curly hairs; fertile bracts obovate in outline, dark green with white lobes, 14–18 × 5–6 mm, basal part with scattered long many-celled curly hairs, apical part of lobes finely puberulous, deeply 3-lobed and lower down also with a single tooth per side, lobes narrowly triangular, 7–9 × 1–2 mm, tapering gradually to an acuminate tip; bracteoles 3–5 mm long, linearlanceolate, with a long cuspidate tip, indumentum as bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals glabrous, dorsal elliptic, 8–9 mm long, with a long cuspidate awn-like tip, 1-toothed, 1-veined from base, ventral oblong, ± 7 mm long, acuminate, lateral lanceolate, ± 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or with a faint pale lilac tinge to limb; tube ± 10 mm long; limb ± 9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 8–9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 2–3 mm long.
Ecology
Wet evergreen montane forest with Parinari excelsa, Strombosia scheffleri, Syzygium guineense, Myrianthus holstii and Ficalhoa laurifolia; 1500–1850 m
Distribution
Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: T7

Native to:

Tanzania

Crossandra leucodonta Vollesen appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2004 Ndangalasi, H.J. [HJN 0429], Tanzania K000543975
Jan 1, 2001 Frinodt-Møller, C. [NG092], Tanzania K000394639 holotype

First published in Kew Bull. 55: 965 (2000)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 55: 965 (2000).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0