Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Mindanao).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Leaf lamina non-falcate, 5.5--16 x 2--5 cm, thinly coriaceous with veins not particularly prominent. Leaves drying strongly discolorous, dark above, pale below .
Philippines (Mindanao). Endemic.
Gravelly ground of jungles along creeks
General Description
Small slender leptocaul homeophyllous liane to 8 m; seedling and pre-adult plants unknown; LEAVES: adult shoot architecture comprised of greatly elongated, strongly clinging, physiognomically monopodial, leafy, non-flowering stems and long, greatly elaborated, free, sympodial, densely leafy, flowering stems later pendent under their own weight but with active tips ascending; stems smooth, climbing stems terete in cross-section, often crooked at points where new lateral branches arise, free stems terete in cross-section, glaucous green, without prophyll, cataphyll and petiolar sheath fibre, internodes to 8 cm long on adherent shoots, less on free shoots, separated by well defined, ± straight leaf scars, older stems woody, whitish; flagellate foraging stems absent; roots not observed; leaves weakly spiro-distichous on adherent and free shoots; cataphylls and prophylls membranous, very quickly drying and falling; petiole grooved adaxially, 2-4 x 1.5-2 cm, smooth, apical and basal genicula well defined; petiolar sheath not prominent, extending to and encircling the apical geniculum, very briefly ligulate, soon drying and falling by peeling from the base to leave a conspicuous continuous scar from the petiole base, around the top of the apical geniculum and back to the base; lamina entire, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, very slightly oblique, 5.5-16 x 2-5 cm, thinly coriaceous, upper surfaces very slightly glossy, lower surfaces semi-matt, drying strongly discolorous, dark above very pale brown beneath, base subacute to rounded, occasionally slightly unequal, apex acuminate and turned to one side, with a prominent apiculate tubule; midrib slightly raised abaxially, slightly sunken adaxially, drying black and contrasting with the discolorous abaxial lamina surface; primary venation pinnate, very slightly raised adaxially, almost invisible abaxially; interprimaries parallel to primaries and only slightly less prominent, very slightly raised abaxially and adaxially; secondary and tertiary venation ± obscure in dried specimens; INFLORESCENCE solitary, subtended by a fully developed foliage leaf; peduncle slender-cylindric, c. 1 x 0.1 cm; spathe slender boat-shaped, stoutly short-beaked, 3-5 x c. 1 cm, thinly stiff-fleshy, dull yellow, paler internally, swiftly falling at female receptivity; spadix cylindrical, stipitate, c. 4 x 1.25 cm, chalky white when fresh; stipe terete, c. 3 mm long, spadix inserted slightly obliquely, stylar region mostly rhombohexagonal, 1-1.2 x 1.2-1.3 mm, truncate; stigma disciform, slightly raised, c. 0.20-0.25 mm diam.; anthers not observed; INFRUCTESCENCE unknown.

Native to:


Rhaphidophora cretosa P.C.Boyce appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wenzel, C.A. [2982], Philippines K000291774 holotype
Elmer, A.D.E. [13658], Philippines K000291773 Unknown type material

First published in Gard. Bull. Singapore 52: 228 (2000)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


CATE Araceae

  • P.C. Boyce 2000. The Genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae-Monsteroideae-Monstereae) in the Philippines Gardens Bulletin Singapore. 52: 213-256

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.