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This species is accepted, and its native range is Djibouti to N. Tanzania, Arabian Peninsula.
Blyttia fruticulosa

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Low bushes, 0.3–0.8 m high, with rather erect, straight woody branches, young leaf-bearing stems grey-green, twining occasionally to c. 2 m
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade 7–30 x 1–5 mm, linear to narrowly oblong or elliptic, rounded to acute at the apex, generally rounded at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences very slender; peducle 3–7(–18) mm long; pedicel 1–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or greenish; lobes 1–2.5 x 1 mm, ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona-lobes 0.75 x 0.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium sessile, cylindrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 2.5–5 cm long, narrowly lanceolate in outline with an attenuate beak.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1, 2
Ecology
Altitude range 10–1500 m.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Stiffly branched subshrubs 0.3–0.8 m high, or scandent to 2 m, young stems greygreen and minutely pubescent, older stems greyish brown, somewhat lenticellate and with prominent nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 2–5(–8) mm long, minutely pubescent; lamina linear to narrowly oblong or elliptic, 1–3(–5) × 0.2–0.5(–1) cm, rounded to acute apically, generally rounded at the base, minutely sparsely pubescent initially but becoming glabrous with age
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences very slender, subglabrous; peduncle 5–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes ovate to triangular, ± 0.5 mm long, acute, minutely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow-green, united at the base; lobes ovate, 1–1.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm, acute, subglabrous to minutely pubescent adaxially, glabrous abaxially
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium sessile, cylindrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes erect, fleshy, ± 0.5 mm long, rounded apically, reaching ± half-way up the anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings ± 0.6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Apex of stylar head not exserted from staminal column
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles fusiform, 3–5.5 cm, with a long-attenuate beak, smooth, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± 6 × 2.5 mm, flattened, minutely verrucose and with a marginal rim ± 0.2 mm wide; coma 1.5–2 cm long
Figures
Fig 118, p 491
Ecology
Open Acacia-Commiphora bushland; 150–1100 m
Distribution
Range: Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia and Arabia Flora districts: K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2

[FTEA]
Use
Mathew 6274 reports that at wedding ceremonies near Lokori, Lake Turkana, the bride wears a necklace made from stems of this plant

Native to:

Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tanzania

Vincetoxicum fruticulosum (Decne.) Decne. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper, G.H.W. [816], Saudi Arabia Blyttia fruticulosa K000894648
s.coll. [309], Saudi Arabia Blyttia fruticulosa K000894651
Schimper, G.H.W. [816], Saudi Arabia Blyttia fruticulosa K000894650
s.coll. [75], Saudi Arabia Blyttia fruticulosa K000894649

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 525 (1844)

Not accepted by

  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530. [Cited as Blyttia fruticulosa.]

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/