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This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. South America to Brazl and N. Argentina, Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, India to S .China and Indo-China.
Scutia myrtina

[FTEA]

Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous or nearly glabrous thorny shrubs or small trees, the thorns either straight (New World) or short and recurved (Africa, etc.)
Morphology Branches
Branchlets and leaves opposite or nearly so; petioles short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, in condensed axillary cymes or axillary fascicles or solitary in the axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk lining the cup, rather thin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–3-celled (very rarely 3-merous in Africa); style very short and slightly lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe nearly globose, at maturity pulpy and with 2 or 3 seeds each enclosed in the free endocarpous stone which has no evident ventral pore or slit and is never regularly dehiscent.

[FZ]

Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or lianes, unarmed or armed with straight or hooked axillary spines.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite, oval to oblong, entire or denticulate, glabrous, penninerved; stipules very small, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an axillary fascicle or umbel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle turbinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, inserted at the back of the margin of the disk, shortly unguiculate, emarginate, cucullate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, ± equal in length to the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk lining the receptacle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, 2(4)-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus; style 2(4)-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an ovoid or subglobose somewhat fleshy drupe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–4, each surrounded by a thin but tough endocarp.

Native to:

Aldabra, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burundi, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Galápagos, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Northern Provinces, Peru, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Scutia (Comm. ex DC.) Brongn. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Mém. Fam. Rhamn.: 55 (1826)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ann. Sci. Nat. 10: 362 (1827) nom. conserv.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mém. Fam. Rhamn.: 55 (1826), nom. conserv.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0