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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical to N. America.
Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult.

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Medium sized, closely tufted plant up to 40 cm. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Brownish, broadly ovate spikelets
Ecology
Brackish marshes, edges of mangrove swamps.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Lectotype: Jamaica, Herb. Clifford 21, Scirpus 1 (BM–000557653), chosen by Furtado in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 9: 299 (1937)
Morphology General Habit
Annual herb with tufted culms from a compact base.
Morphology Culms
Culms 12–45 cm long, irregularly ridged, 0.6–0.9 mm thick.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath reddish or purple at base, greyish above, ending in a short triangular acute lobe with hyaline margin.
Morphology Roots
Root system shallow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelet ovoid, 3–4 × 2.5–3.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence bracts greenish, covering the glumes in bud.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes grey at base, brown at apex, 1.8–2 × 1.4–1.5 mm, rounded at apex, midrib obscure and sometimes green, margin slightly frayed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth bristles ± 7, pink, glabrous, longer than the nutlet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, the filaments often persisting in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet blackish purple, obovoid, 0.6–0.8 × 0.6–0.7 mm, smooth and shiny; appandage pale grey, minute and conical.
Ecology
Lake shores, swamps, mangrove; 0–1150 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U4 K7 T3 T6 P Range: West Africa from Senegal to Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, CongoKinshasa, Somalia, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana; widely distrubuted in the temperate and subtropic zones of the World

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Cebolleta de pantano, Junco, Mara, Pasto, Raíz de mara

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual with crowded stems; stems 5–40 cm long and 0.6–1.2 mm thick, terete or angular
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath grey above, purple below, ending in a short triangular acute lobe with thinner hyaline margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelet shortly ovate to almost globose, usually 3–4 x 2.5–3.5 mm, 20–50-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 2–3 mm long, greyish below, brown above, rounded at the apex, margin usually somewhat frayed and without a distinct hyaline border
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-bristles 5–7, glabrous, longer than the nutlet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 2 stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet c. 0.8 x 0.6 mm, obovate, biconvex, blackish-purple, smooth and shiny; appendage small, low-conical, pallid.
Distribution
N1–3; C2 pantropical, extending to South Africa.
Ecology
Altitude range: near sea-level to 1000 m.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1300 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Conservation
No Evaluada

Doubtfully present in:

Sicilia

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Texas, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Fiji, Galápagos, Greece, Hawaii, Sardegna, Tonga

Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2006 Comanor, P.L. [1137], Sri Lanka K000480630
Jan 1, 2006 Barritt, M.J.A. [914], Australia K000480645
Jan 1, 2006 Miller, A.G. [6197], Oman K000480642
Dec 1, 2003 Giulietti, A.M. [1908], Bahia K000189308
Oct 1, 2003 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1001], Piauí K000189280
Oct 17, 2001 Marsden, J. [155], Indonesia K000480615
Jan 1, 1995 Laegaard, S. [16890], Senegal K000480634
Dec 8, 1992 Ratter, J.A. [6543], Belize K000480652
Jan 1, 1991 Put [1544], Thailand K000480620
Jan 1, 1991 Tanner, R. [3743], Tanzania K000480648
Jan 1, 1991 Hu, S.Y. [11734], Hong Kong K000480637
Jan 1, 1991 Foreman, D.B. [52324], Papua New Guinea K000480616
Jan 1, 1991 Hooper, S. [2405], India K000480623
Jan 1, 1991 Liang, H.Y. [65413], China K000480632
Jan 1, 1991 Kerr, A.F.G. [9286], Thailand K000595186
Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D. [2490], Cameroon K000480650
Dec 17, 1985 Grimes, J. [1049], Indonesia K000480618
Oct 1, 1982 Hage, J.L. [1186], Bahia K000189259
Oct 1, 1982 Cavalo, G.P. [534], Bahia K000189247
Oct 1, 1982 Cavalo, G.P. [917], Bahia K000189248
Jan 1, 1981 Carvalho, A.M. [450], Bahia K000189257
Jan 1, 1981 Carvalho, A.M. [589], Bahia K000189258
Jan 1, 1979 Field, A. [11], British Indian Ocean Territory K000480647
Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [18327], Bahia K000189256
Jan 1, 1975 Hepper, F.N. [5876], Yemen K000480643
Jan 1, 1971 Greenwood, W. [925], Fiji K000480635
Jan 1, 1968 Koyama, T.M. [13593], Sri Lanka K000480628
Dec 1, 1965 Sigee, D.C. [106], Maldives K000480629
Jan 1, 1961 Smitinand, T. [5648], Thailand K000595188
Kirk, J. [s.n.] K000416638 Unknown type material
Schlechter [9484], South Africa K000416646
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189255
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189254
Donde, V.P. [45], India K000480626
Vartak, V.D. [21287], India K000480627
[Kee], H.S.M. [6087], Myanmar K000480631
Florence, J. [5238], French Polynesia K000480636
Boyland, D.E. [590], Australia K000480644
Robinson, E.A. [6958], India K000480624
Andersen, J.S. [474], Pakistan K000480625
El Bakry, A. [17], Egypt K000480641
Furuse, M. [2887], Japan K000480638
Philcox, D. [8073], Trinidad & Tobago K000480655
Beckett, J.J. [535], Somalia K000480649
Gardner, G. [1203], Pernambuco K000189252
Peterson, P.M. [14417], Australia K000480646
Hansen, B. [12362], Thailand K000595189
Harvey, M.J. [44], Sierra Leone K000480633
Chantaranothai, P. [676], Thailand K000480619
Brochado, A.L. [190], Bahia K000189249
Wright, C. [711], New Mexico K000881808
Hill, E.J. [s.n.], Indiana K000881807
Savatier, L. [s.n.] K000595187
Leonard, J. [4714], Libya K000480640
Radcliffe-Smith, A. [5487], Oman K000480639
Marr, M. [738], USA K000480654
Barker, W.R. [66562], Papua New Guinea K000480617
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189253
Aug 1, 1903 Heller, A.A. [585], Puerto Rico Eleocharis capitata K000480656
May 1, 1887 Wright, C. [1961], New Mexico Eleocharis capitata K000881809
Marie-Victorin, J.L. [25773], Canada Eleocharis capitata K000480653
Boden-Kloss, C. [s.n.], Malaysia Eleocharis capitata K000480622
Corner, E.J.H. [25804], Malaysia Eleocharis caribaea K000480621

First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 150 (1817)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2006). A contribution to the flora of Wadi Abdur (Dhofar, Soutern Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 61: 253-260.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Rothrock, P.E. (2009). Sedges of Indiana and adjacent states: the non-Carex species: 1-271. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 364 (1967).
  • Svenson in Rhodora 34: 259, t. 463, fig. 1 (1932)
  • Svenson in Rhodora 41: 50 (1939)
  • Syst. Veg. 2: 150 (1817), emend.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2006). A contribution to the flora of Wadi Abdur (Dhofar, Soutern Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 61: 253-260.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sachet, M.-H. (1962). Flora and vegetation of Clipperton island Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 31: 249-307.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Eth. 6: 405, fig. 212.21 (1997).
  • Rhodora 41: 50 (1939)
  • Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 70, fig. 101 (1983)
  • Syst. Veg. 2: 150 (1817)

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0