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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Twining herbaceous vine to several metres, stems minutely pubescent when young, becoming glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves not succulent; petiole 1–3 cm long, pubescent adaxially; lamina ovate to oblong, 3–9 × 1.5–5 cm, apex acute and somewhat attenuate, base cordate, rarely truncate, with minute colleters, glabrous or subglabrous with minute indumentum restricted to margins and principal veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences extra-axillary, up to ± 20 cm long with clusters of minute flowers scattered at intervals of 1–3 cm along the simple or branched axes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles (to 1st cluster of flowers) 2–5 cm long, minutely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts minute, narrowly triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–5 mm long, minutely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes ovate or triangular, 0.5–0.8 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla reddish brown or dull purple, rotate, united at the base, glabrous; lobes triangular, ovate or oblong, 1.5–2.5 × 1–1.5 mm, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynostegium
Gynostegium 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal corona lobes maroon, ± 0.5 mm high, adnate to the staminal filaments to the base of the anthers and lacking a free apical appendage, broadest near the base of the column forming a fleshy subtriangular tubercle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings 0.25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinarium
Pollinaria minute, corpusculum ± 0.1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Stylar head flat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles mostly occuring singly, if paired then held at 180°, narrowly fusiform, 6–9.5 × ± 0.5 cm, smooth, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± elliptic, 7–9 × 3 mm, flattened, with a narrow marginal rim which is irregularly toothed at the end opposite the 1.5–2 cm long coma
Ecology
Edge of swamps, riverine or swamp forest, occasionally on open river banks; 200–1800 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U2 U4 K5 K6 T4 T6 T7 T8 Range: Widely distributed across Central and West Africa, South Sudan, SW Ethiopia, Angola and NW Zambia

[FWTA]

Asclepiadaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous twiner
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dull purple-brown
Ecology
In thickets.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Vincetoxicum sylvaticum (Decne.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11696], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000337786
Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [11785], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000580056
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, D.W. [6831], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028321
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, D.W. [6831], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028322
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [6140], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028325
Milne-Redhead, E. [3496], Zambia Tylophora sylvatica 1993.000
Drummond, R.B. [4534], Uganda Tylophora sylvatica 6392.000
Barter [16], Nigeria Tylophora sylvatica K000305339 Unknown type material
Maitland, T.D. [432a], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028323
Maitland, T.D. [432a], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028324
Rosevear, D. R. [4537], Cameroon Tylophora sylvatica K000028326

First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 425 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Lachenaud, O. (2009). La flore des plantes vasculaires de la République du Congo: nouvelles données Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 199-214.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0