Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn.

This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Tropical America.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; persisting, or short-lived. Culms decumbent, or rambling; weak; 8-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades involute; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or tuberculate-ciliate; hairy at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes 5-12; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long; bearing 5-10 fertile spikelets on each. Central inflorescence axis 5-20 cm long; tip filiform. Rhachis deciduous from axis; angular; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets. Floret callus bearded.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets. Floret callus bearded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface hispidulous. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface hispidulous. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate; muticous, or mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-7 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy in lines. Lemma apex dentate; 3 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2.5-3 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns arising on margin of lemma; 0.5-1 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea apex awned. Rhachilla extension glabrous. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; rudimentary. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 3 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns equal; 9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; 3-3.5 mm long.
Distribution
North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
Reference
Cynodonteae. Gould.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 0–2000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Atlántico, Bolívar, Caldas, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Santander, Tolima.
Habit
Herb.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Aruba, Bahamas, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Pickel, B. [3825], Brazil K000003311 Yes
Swallen, J.R. [4488], Brazil K000003310 Yes
Luetzelburg [27000], Bahia K000003309 Yes
Swallen, J.R. [4619], Brazil K000003308 Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1341], Brazil K001101777 Yes
Eggers [5650] K000309048 Yes
Eiten, G. [3963], Brazil K001101779 Yes
K000309047 Yes
K000309049 Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1317], Brazil K001101776 Yes
s.coll. [[G 1868]], Brazil K001101778 Yes
Coradin, L. [1243], Brazil K001101775 Yes
Panama K001472272 Yes
Curacao K001472273 Yes
Venezuela K001472274 Yes
Venezuela K001472275 Yes
Venezuela K001472276 Yes
Venezuela K001472277 Yes
Venezuela K001472278 Yes
Venezuela K001472279 Yes
Colombia K001472280 Yes
Colombia K001472281 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [4582], Colombia K001472282 Yes
Colombia K001472283 Yes
Colombia K001472284 Yes
Colombia K001472285 Yes
Ecuador K001472286 Yes
Ecuador K001472287 Yes
Ecuador K001472288 Yes
Ecuador K001472289 Yes
Guiana K001472384 Yes

First published in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 43: 306 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0