Family:
Malvaceae Juss.

Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke

This species is accepted, and its native range is New World. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 340 - 2780 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb or subshrub.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Hortus Upsaliensis, Linnean Herb. 870.3 (LINN, lecto.) (fide Abedin)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb 0.2–1 m tall but sometimes flowering when only 6 cm tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems with appressed stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to lanceolate, 1.5–7.8 × 0.6–5.5 cm, unlobed or sometimes shallowly 3-lobed, acute at the apex, truncate or rounded to cuneate at base with simple and stellate hairs on both surfaces; petiole 0.5–2(–4) cm long; stipules 2–6(–8) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary, sometimes at maturity congested at apices or rarely on reduced 2–3-flowered axillary branches near apex; pedicel 1–2 mm long becoming 3–5 mm in fruit; epicalyx bracts 4–6 mm long; calyx 5–7 mm long, up to 11 mm long in fruit; lobes triangular, 4–5 × 2–2.5 mm (6–7 × 5–6 mm in fruit)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or orange, the petals 0.6–1.3 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style branching 2 mm above its base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 9–14(–15) with a single cusp on upper margin near proximal end and 2 apical cusps at distal end, upper margin with dense crest of hairs; lateral faces conspicuously ribbed especially at margin
Figures
Fig 21, p 111

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 340 - 2780 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
escobilla, escobillo, escobo, escubilla, malva, malva blanca

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 340–2780 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Subshrub.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Cayman Is., Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Assam, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Easter Is., Egypt, Fiji, Galápagos, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Line Is., Madeira, Malawi, Marcus I., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2013 Merrill, E.D. [451], Philippines K001057653 isoneotype Yes
Jun 1, 2008 Florence [12169], French Polynesia K000224934 No
Dec 1, 2007 Wood, D. [1427], Seychelles K000545312 No
Dec 1, 2007 Wood, D. [1427], Seychelles K000545313 No
Jan 1, 1987 Ortega, R. [375], Mexico K001105385 No
Jan 1, 1980 s.coll. [168], Mexico K001091694 No
Jan 1, 1980 Bourgeau, E. [2728], Mexico K001091695 No
Jan 1, 1980 Mason, H.L. [1828], Mexico K001091692 No
Jan 1, 1980 Gonzalez Ortega, J. [1553], Mexico K001091691 No
Jan 1, 1980 Lindheimer, F. [295], USA K000659262 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Lindheimer, F. [351], Texas K000659263 isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Botteri, M. [752], Mexico K001091693 No
Jan 1, 1980 Brown, S. [248], Bermuda K001091690 No
Jan 1, 1978 Palmer, E. [203], Mexico K001091696 No
Burchell, W.J. [s.n.], Brazil K001213883 Yes
Riedel [256], Brazil K001213890 Yes
Mello-Silva, R. [766], Brazil K001213891 Yes
Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K001214629 Yes
s.coll. [14], Brazil K001213881 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [823], Brazil K001213885 Yes
Cayley [s.n.], Brazil K001213886 Yes
Palmer, E. [39], Mexico K001091688 No
Gillivray, J.M. [283], Brazil K001213880 Yes
s.coll. [1351], Brazil K001213879 Yes
Gardner, G. [741], Brazil K001213878 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [1031], Brazil K001213884 Yes
Braga, J.M.A. [7214], Brazil K001213877 Yes
Rambo, B. [46406], Brazil K001213889 Yes
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001213888 Yes
Chazaro B., M. [150], Mexico K001091689 No
Rambo, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001213887 Yes
Cayley [s.n.], Brazil K001214630 Yes
Gibert [65], Brazil K001213882 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487302 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487303 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487304 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487305 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487306 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487307 Yes
Venezuela, Peru K001487308 Yes
Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia K001487310 Yes
Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia K001487311 Yes
Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia K001487312 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001487313 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001487314 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001487315 Yes

First published in Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 297 (1857)

Accepted by

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  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I. Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
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  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I). Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Cervantes Aceves, N. (1992). La Familia Malvaceae en el Estado de Jalisco, Mexico: 1-393. Editorial Universidad de Guadalajara.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
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  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I. Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Cervantes Aceves, N. (1992). La Familia Malvaceae en el Estado de Jalisco, Mexico: 1-393. Editorial Universidad de Guadalajara.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2. Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
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  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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