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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
Ipomoea nil

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Batatilla, Campanilla, Campanita, Coralito

[FTEA]

Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Annual; stems twining, bristly-pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, about 8 cm. long and 8 cm. broad, cordate at the base, 3-lobed, ± adpressed pilose above and beneath; lobes ± acuminate at the apex; petiole bristly, about 4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or in lax few-flowered cymes; peduncle 4–5 cm. long; pedicels up to 1.2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals linear-lanceolate, 2.2–2.7 cm. long, 3.5 mm. wide at the base and 1.5–2 mm. wide above, long-attenuated at the apex, densely pilose with patent bristles at the base and with a few above together with much shorter pubescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla magenta with paler tube, 6–7.5 cm. long.
Habitat
Established on waste ground and in secondary thickets; 1140 m.
Distribution
T1 T2 U3 North Americaintroduced into various parts of the tropics.

[KBu]

Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D. et al. 2015. Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia. Kew Bulletin 70: 31. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9592-7

Conservation
Least Concern (LC).
Ecology
A pantropical weed of disturbed places. In Bolivia this is a very common species of disturbed bushy places, often near settlements. It is far more common in the lowlands than Ipomoea purpurea, being found particularly in the Andean foothills, the Chaco fringes and the Chiquitania. It becomes rare above 1000 m, but is also common in the Yungas of La Paz where it reaches at least 2100 m. Like I. hederifolia and I. purpurea it is virtually absent from the Beni and Pando. The lack of records from Cochabamba and much of Chuquisaca is also noteworthy.
Morphology General Habit
Trailing or twining herb, stems roughly pilose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, 3 – 12 × 3 – 14 cm, 3-lobed, the lobes typically ovate, abruptly narrowed to an acute or very shortly acuminate apex, base cordate, thinly to densely pubescent on both surfaces, paler beneath; petioles 1.5 – 7 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 7 – 10 × 6 mm, subglobose, glabrous, style slender, persistent; seeds puberulent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of pedunculate axillary compact cymes, sometimes reduced to 1 – 2 flowers; peduncles 0.5 – 18 cm, usually pilose; bracteoles 3 – 7 mm, filiform, relatively persistent; secondary peduncles 3 – 8 mm; pedicels 3 – 10 mm; sepals 15 – 32 mm, lanceolate, tapering into a long linear point, densely pilose with bulbous-based hairs, especially near the base; corolla 3.5 – 4.5 cm, funnel-shaped, glabrous, tube white, limb blue, drying pink, 3 – 4 cm diam., unlobed
Note
The blue flowers, 3-lobed leaves and long, pilose sepals which taper from near the base make this an easily identified species in Bolivia. However, it has commonly been misnamed Ipomoea hederacea Jacq., a species principally of the United States, which is distinguished by its smaller corolla and the recurved fleshy tips of the sepals. Found in flower virtually throughout the year but, like other annual species, predominantly in autumn at the end of the rainy season from February to July.

[FWTA]

Convolvulaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A twiner
Morphology General Indumentum
The stems, etc., covered when young with spreading yellow hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
The flowers pale blue in the morning turning bright pink or red-purple; with long narrow calyx-lobes
Ecology
On fences in villages and in fields.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 25 - 2560 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora

[FZ]

Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Ornamental herbaceous annual.
Morphology Stem
Stems twining, bristly-pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina ovate to circular in outline, 3-lobed, up to 14 × 13·5 cm., cordate at the base, more or less appressed pilose above and beneath; middle lobe ovate to oblong, acuminate, lateral ones obliquely ovate to broadly falcate, acuminate; petiole up to 8 cm. long, bristly.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or in lax few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 7 cm. long, hirsute like the stems; bracteoles linear to filiform, 5–10 mm. long; pedicels up to 10 mm. long, retrorsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals linear-lanceolate, 2·3–2·8 cm. long, long-attenuated at the apex, densely pilose with patent bristles at the base and a few above together with much shorter pubescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla funnel-shaped, magenta with paler tube, 5·5–7 cm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to globose, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, puberulous.

Doubtfully present in:

Rodrigues

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bangladesh, Bermuda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2014 Clarke, C.B. [25486], India K001081728 syntype
Jan 1, 2014 Clarke, C.B. [31601], India K001081729 syntype
Nov 27, 2012 Du et al. [HNK 2456], Vietnam K000734430
Oct 20, 2012 Smith, M.D. [77], Brazil K000944518
Oct 20, 2012 Gillivray, J.M. [277], Brazil K000944524
Oct 20, 2012 Spruce [843], Brazil K000944514
Oct 20, 2012 Glaziou, A. [13002], Brazil K000944520
Oct 20, 2012 Ule, E. [8283], Brazil K000944515
Oct 20, 2012 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K000944523
Oct 20, 2012 Glaziou, A. [13001], Brazil K000944519
Oct 20, 2012 Usteri, A. [132], Brazil K000944526
Oct 20, 2012 Gardner [79], Brazil K000944513
Oct 20, 2012 Gibert [40], Brazil K000944516
Oct 20, 2010 Burchell [4485], Brazil K000944522
May 1, 1996 Figueiredo, M.A. [572], Brazil K000944512
Jul 1, 1990 Agra, M.F. [1160], Brazil K000944511
Bolland, G. [29], Brazil K000944517
Fereira, D.A.S. [454], Brazil K000944510
Harley, R.M. [21812], Brazil K000944509
Harris, L. [23], Brazil K000944525
McFayden [s.n.], Jamaica K000612712
Philcox, D. [4201], Brazil K000944521
Hildebrandt, J.M. [3403], Madagascar K000384424
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1373], Myanmar Convolvulus hederaceus K001112950
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1373], Nepal Convolvulus hederaceus K001113202
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112951
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112953
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112959
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112955
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112954
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112956
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373], India Convolvulus hederaceus K001112957
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1373], Nepal Convolvulus hederaceus K001112949
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373] Convolvulus hederaceus K001112952
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1373], India Convolvulus hederaceus K001112958

First published in Catal. Bot. 1: 36 (1797)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Adams, C.D. in Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 601-614. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
  • Austin, D. F. (1982). Flora of Ecuador 15: 3-99. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
  • Austin, D.F. & Cavalcante, P.B. (1982). Convolvuláceas da Amazônia Publicações Avulsas do Museo Goeldi 36: 1-134.
  • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
  • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
  • Austin, D.F. (1975). Convolvulaceae Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 157-224.
  • Austin, D.F. (1990). Comments on southwestern United States Evolvulus and Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) Madrono 37: 124-132.
  • Austin, D.F. in Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Convolvulaceae Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana): 87-88. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Austin, D.F. in Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1161-1190. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Austin, D.F. in Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon Convolvulaceae A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 288-363. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Austin, D.F. in Lasser, T. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora de Venezuela 8(3): 15-226. Fundación Educación Ambiental.
  • Austin, D.F. in Stevens, W.D. & al. (eds.) (2001). Convolvulaceae Flora de Nicaragua 1: 653-679. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Austin, D.F. in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (1998). Convolvulaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 4: 377-424. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. in Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: i-x, 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
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  • Boldingh, I. in Boldingh, I. (1909). Convolvulaceae Flora of the Futch West Indian Islands, vol. I: St. Eustatius, Saba, and St. Martin 1: 161-163. E.J. Brill.
  • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
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  • Carranza, E. (2015). Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 135: 1-128. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dempster, L. T. in Hickman, J. C. (ed.) (1993). Convolvulaceae The Jepson Manual, higher plants of Cilfornia: 516-522. Univ. California Press.
  • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Eggers, H.F.A. in Eggers, H.F.A. (1879). Convolvulaceae The flora of St Croix and the Virgin Islands: 70-73. US Government Printing Office.
  • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Friedmann, F. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 491-503. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gooding, E.G.B. & A.R. Loveless in Gooding, E.G.B. & A.R. Loveless (1965). Convolvulaceae Flora of Barbados: 332-344. Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
  • Gray, A. in Gray, A. (1878). Convolvulaceae Synoptical Flora of North America, edit. 1 2(2): 207-224, 394.
  • Grisebach, A.H.R. in Grisebach, A. H. R. (1862). Convolvulaceae Flora of the British West Indian Isands: 466-476. Lovell Reeve.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
  • Hill, A.W. & Sandwith, N. in Williams, R.O. (1953). Fl. Trinidad & Tobago Convolvs. Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(4): 210-240. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jarvis, C.E. in Jarvis, C.E. (2007). Convolvulaceae Order out of Chaos Linnean Soc. London & Nat. Hist. Museum.
  • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
  • Kartesz, J.T. in Kartesz, J.T. (1994). Convolvulaceae A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland: 217-221. Timber Press.
  • Khan, M.S. (1985). Fl. Bangladesh Convolvulaceae Flora of Bangladesh 30: 1-59. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Kress, W.J., R.A. DeFilipps, E. Farr, & Y.Y. Kyi in Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Cklist. Myanmar Convolvulaceae Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 197-201. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
  • Lee, Yong No in Lee, Yong No (2002). Convolvulaceae Flora of Korea 1: 652-656. Kyo-Hak Publ. Co., Ltd.
  • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1992). Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 37: 21-125.
  • Leon, H. & Alain, H. in Leon, H. (1957). Convolvulaceae Flora de Cuba 4: 218-248. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
  • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
  • Liogier, H.A. & L.F. Martorell in Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis: 162-167. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
  • Lisowski, S. in Lisowski, S. (2009). Convolvulaceae Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée: 136-145. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela in Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1976). Convolvulaceae A flora of tropical Florida: 711-724. Banyan Books.
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  • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
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  • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Convolvulaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 834-862. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
  • O'Donell, C.A. (1959). Convolvuloideas de Uruguay Lilloa 29: 349-376. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Instituto 'Miguel Lillo'.
  • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
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  • Staples, G. & Jarvis, C.E. (2006). Typification of Linnaean plant names in Convolvulaceae Taxon 55: 1019-1024.
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  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1978). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': IV Kew Bulletin 33: 159-168.
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  • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I., Carine, M.A., Harris, D., Wilkin, P., Williams, B. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 70(31): 1-124.
  • Wood, J.R.I., Muñoz-Rodríguez P., Williams, B.R.M., Scotland, R.W. (2020). A foundation monograph of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the New World PhytoKeys 143: 1-823.

Not accepted by

  • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies. [Cited as Ipomoea hederacea Jacq..]
  • Siddiqi, M.A. in Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (eds.) (1977). Convolvulaceae Flora of Libya 45: 1-27. Al-Faateh University, Tripoli. [Cited as Ipomoea hederacea.]

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • 1797: 36.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Cat. Bot. 1: 36 (1797)
  • Meeuse in Bothalia 6: 733 (1958).
  • Verdcourt in Taxon 6: 23! (1957)
  • van Ooststr., in Blumea 3: 497 (1940)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
  • Austin, D.F. & Cavalcante, P.B. (1982). Convolvuláceas da Amazônia Publicações Avulsas do Museo Goeldi 36: 1-134.
  • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
  • Austin, D.F. (1990). Comments on southwestern United States Evolvulus and Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) Madrono 37: 124-132.
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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