Dolichandrone alba (Sim) Sprague

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1919: 308 (1919)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Mozambique. It is a tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous shrub or small tree 3–12 m. tall.
Morphology General Bark
Bark pale brown to greyish longitudinally finely rough.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets puberulous, soon becoming glabrous except at the leaflet articulations and provided with small scales which persist on the inferior surface of the adult leaves.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, imparipinnate, (1)3–4(5)-jugate; leaflets 1.5–7.5 (8.7) × 1–4(5) cm. ovate, elliptic or obovate, the more proximal ones smaller, sessile or subsessile, except the terminal one which is petiolulate, apex rounded to acuminate, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin entire to minutely serrate, undulate; rhachis (2.2)2.7–14.5 cm. slightly sulcate above, terete below; petiole 0.5–3.7(4.7) cm. long, pseudostipules 0.3–1 cm. long, ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 48 cm. long, many flowered, but only 2–3 flowers opening at the same time; pedicels 1–1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–3.3 cm. long coriaceous, spathaceous, slightly recurve-beaked, splitting along the posterior side.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube (3.5) 4–5(5.5) cm. long, narrow, slightly widening at the upper part, glabrous outside, more or less brownish pilose inside towards the base; corolla lobes white, 2–3 × 1.7–2.5 cm. rounded, somewhat fleshy, wavy at the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens didynamous; subsessile, included, adnate up to about four fifths from the base of the corolla tube; anthers c. 3mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. long, annular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 5 mm. long, longitudinally bisulcate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 17–38 (50) cm. long, 1.3–2.8 cm. across and c. 0.5 cm. thick.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.6–1 × 2.5–4.2 cm., including the wing.
[FZ]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/120955426/120980203

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree to 12 m tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-pinnate, 3–4(–5)-jugate.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate or elliptic, 1.5–7.5(–8.5) × 1–4(–5) cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal racemes or panicles to 50 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx spathaceous, 2–3.3 cm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, unequally 5-lobed, tube 3.5–5.5 cm long, narrowly cylindrical, lobes 2–3 × 1.7–2.5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit linear, compressed, curved, 17–38(–50) × 1.3–2.8 cm.
Note
Native of Mozambique. No material has been seen from East Africa, but the species has been cultivated in Mozambique and South Africa.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0