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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
Vachellia farnesiana

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Aromo, Coromo, Cují, Espino blanco, Jinnuttureo, Pelá, Pelá de castilla, Uña de cabra

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2130 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1.5–4 m. high.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets glabrous or nearly so, purplish to grey; epidermis not obviously peeling off; glands (as on peduncles) few and inconspicuous.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules spinescent, usually short, up to 1.8(–3) cm. long, never inflated; other prickles absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a small gland on petiole and sometimes one on the rhachis near the top pair of pinnae; pinnae 2–7 pairs; leaflets 10–21 pairs, 2–7 mm. long, 0.75–1.75 mm. wide, very rarely larger, with both midrib and lateral nerves visible and somewhat raised beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright golden-yellow, sweetly scented, in axillary pedunculate heads; involucel at apex of peduncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Calyx and corolla glabrous outside except for extreme tips of lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods (Fig. 16/38, p. 67) indehiscent, straight or curved, subterete and turgid, dark brown to blackish, glabrous, finely longitudinally striate, 4–7.5 cm. long, 0.9–1.5(–2) cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown, smooth, elliptic, thick, only slightly compressed, 7–8 mm. long, 5.5 mm. wide; areole 6.5–7 mm. long, 4 mm. wide.
Habitat
Uncertain, probably only planted or as an escape from cultivation
Distribution
probably native of tropical America, doubtfully so in Africa (not in our area) and Australiawidely introduced in the tropics and often becoming wild. Cultivated elsewhere in our area, e.g. in U4 and T3 U3

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Acacia Jaune, Acacia Odorant, Aroma, Aroma Amarilla, Aromo, Ban Baburi, Bayahonda, Cambron, Carambomba, Cashia, Cassie, Cassie Flower, Cassie Jaune, Cassis Commun, Cassy, Cuji Aroma, Dead Finish, Dintringahy, Ellington Curse, Epinard, Espino Blanco, Espon

[FWTA]

Mimosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A spiny shrub
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Very fragrant yellow flowers
Note
Introduced.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1.5-4 m. high; young branchlets glabrous or nearly so, purplish to grey; epidermis not obviously peeling off; glands (as on peduncles) few and inconspicuous.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules spinescent, usually short, up to 1.8(3) cm. long, never inflated; other prickles absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a small gland on the petiole and sometimes one on the rhachis near the top pair of pinnae; pinnae 2-7 pairs; leaflets 10-21 pairs, 2-7 x 0.75-1.75 mm., very rarely larger, with both midrib and lateral nerves visible and somewhat raised beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright golden-yellow, sweetly scented, in axillary pedunculate heads; involucel at the apex of the peduncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx and corolla glabrous outside except for extreme tips of lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods indehiscent, 4-7.5 x 0.9-1.5(2) cm., straight or curved, subterete and turgid, dark-brown to blackish, glabrous, finely longitudinally striate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown, 7-8 x 5.5 mm., smooth, elliptic, thick, only slightly compressed; areole 6.5-7 x 4 mm.

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Weed, Wood

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Arizona, Ascension, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexican Pacific Is., Morocco, Mozambique, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 11, 2014 Clark, R.P. [129], New Caledonia Acacia farnesiana K000967431
Jan 1, 2002 Bourke-Borrows, D. [7], Mato Grosso do Sul Acacia farnesiana K000850668
Nov 23, 1998 Mueller, F. [43], Australia Acacia farnesiana K000791230 isotype
Jan 1, 1997 Reynoso et al. [3969], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000661561
Apr 1, 1995 Carvalho, A.M. [3857], Bahia Acacia farnesiana K000091214
Sep 1, 1994 Pereira, B.A.S. [2616], Goiás Acacia farnesiana K000850677
Jan 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3564], Bahia Acacia farnesiana K000091212
Jun 1, 1992 Regnell, A.F. [14], Minas Gerais Acacia farnesiana K000850672
May 1, 1992 Burchell, W.J. [9541], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850659
May 1, 1992 Burchell, W.J. [3031], Pará Acacia farnesiana K000850660
May 1, 1992 Gardner, G. [977], Pernambuco Acacia farnesiana K000850666
Jan 1, 1992 Gardner, G. [977], Pernambuco Acacia farnesiana K000091219
Jan 1, 1992 Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850673
Jan 1, 1992 Gardner, G. [977], Pernambuco Acacia farnesiana K000091220
Sep 1, 1990 Agra, M.F. [1166], Paraíba Acacia farnesiana K000091217
Aug 15, 1989 Leoni, L.S. [758], Minas Gerais Acacia farnesiana K000850676
Jan 1, 1985 Hatschbach, G. [38647], Mato Grosso do Sul Acacia farnesiana K000850675
May 1, 1984 Sarmento, A.C. [758], Rio Grande do Norte Acacia farnesiana K000091218
Apr 30, 1984 Carvalho, A.M. [2074], Maranhão Acacia farnesiana K000850678
Oct 1, 1982 Loher, A. [5913], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295882
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [3461], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295869
Oct 1, 1982 Elmer, A.D.E. [5598], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295871
Oct 1, 1982 Elmer, A.D.E. [17422], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295874
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [648], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295872
Oct 1, 1982 Hutchinson [3915], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295870
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [648], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000661572
Oct 1, 1982 Ritchie, J.W. [47], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295878
Oct 1, 1982 Merrill, E.D. [1641], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295875
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [3461], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295879
Oct 1, 1982 Elmer, A.D.E. [17932], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295873
Oct 1, 1982 Loher, A. [2179], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295876
Oct 1, 1982 Elmer, A.D.E. [7003], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295881
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [3404], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295880
Aug 1, 1981 Harley, R.M. [21973], Bahia Acacia farnesiana K000091216
Jul 1, 1979 Fevereiro, V.P.B. [565], Paraíba Acacia farnesiana K000091221
Apr 11, 1979 Philcox, D. [4455], Goiás Acacia farnesiana K000850669
Jan 1, 1972 Pires, J.M. [58109], Bahia Acacia farnesiana K000091215
Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [6007], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850663
Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [6007], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850662
Jan 1, 1918 Hunter [s.n.], India Acacia farnesiana K000791134
Jan 1, 1918 Wallich [5264], India Acacia farnesiana K000791137
Jan 1, 1918 Wight [591], India Acacia farnesiana K000791138
Jan 1, 1918 Wight [591], India Acacia farnesiana K000791136
Hinton, G.B. [13100], Mexico Acacia farnesiana K000117806
Hinton, G.B. [5615], Mexico Acacia farnesiana K000117809
Spruce, R. [4548], Peru Acacia farnesiana K000201027
Reynoso [17168], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295883
Gardner, G. [977], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850665
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120317
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120319
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 5264], Malaysia Acacia farnesiana K001120323
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120324
s.coll. [137], Brazil Acacia farnesiana K000850670
Mexia, Y. [5556], Minas Gerais Acacia farnesiana K000850661
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120326
Hinton, G.B. [1416], Mexico Acacia farnesiana K000117807
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264], Vietnam Acacia farnesiana K001120321
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Pará Acacia farnesiana K000850664
Aitchison, J.E.T. [570], Punjab Acacia farnesiana K000791135
Vidal, S. [290], Philippines Acacia farnesiana K000295877
Hinton, G.B. [3369], Mexico Acacia farnesiana K000117808
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120325
Hatschbach, G. [50786], Goiás Acacia farnesiana K000850674
Queiroz, L.P. [3117], Bahia Acacia farnesiana K000091213
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120320
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264], Bangladesh Acacia farnesiana K001120318
Hostmann [353], Suriname Acacia farnesiana K000850667
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120327
Spruce, R. [249] Acacia farnesiana K000201141
Villiers, J.F. [4049], Madagascar Acacia farnesiana K000822259
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5264] Acacia farnesiana K001120322

First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 272 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

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Kew Backbone Distributions

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Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
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