Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter

First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1918: 62 (1918)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula. It is an annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Introduced into:

Angola, Argentina Northwest, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil North, Cape Provinces, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Guinea, India, Italy, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Réunion, Senegal, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russia, Sudan, Switzerland, Tasmania, Ukraine, Victoria, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.21829/abm126.2019.1379. epublication.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 18(1958).
  • Ciferri & Baldrati, Cereali dell’Africa Italiana II. Teff (1939).
  • Ciferri in Atti Ist. Bot. Univ. Pavia, ser. 5, 2: 166 (1944).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 31(1965).
  • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 20 (1947).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 30(1960).
  • Trotter in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1918: 62 (1918).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Ricketts, V. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560975 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[F]17] South Africa K002947109 Yes
Sebsebe, D. [1919] Ethiopia K003325769 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [6263] Ethiopia K003325785 Yes
Hinds, J.H. [72] Zambia K003364960 Yes
Bryant, E.G. [s.n.] South Africa K002947142 Yes
Ricketts, V.I. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560976 Yes
[Cecil Sandwith] [93] South Africa K002947137 Yes
West, O. [1748] South Africa K002947133 Yes
Scott, H. [72] Ethiopia K003325786 Yes
McCallum Webster, M. [5089] United Kingdom K001082331 Yes
Abd El Ghani, M.M. [s.n.] Egypt K003561763 Yes
Fukui, K.; Fukui, M. [260] Ethiopia K003325773 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325792 Yes
Fukui, K.; Fukui, M. [262] Ethiopia K003325772 Yes
McCallum Webster, M. [A221] Zambia K003364961 Yes
Shantz, H.L. [308] South Africa K002947122 Yes
Chidzinga, S.; Luke, W. R. Q. [244] Kenya K001614746 Yes
LLoyd, M.L. [2417] Zimbabwe K003364966 Yes
Fukui, K.; Fukui, M. [483] Ethiopia K003325778 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5729] Kenya K002405112 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [2771] Yemen K003561759 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [1065] Uganda K003361174 Yes
Davy, J.B. [2125] South Africa K002947119 Yes
Cormack, A.B. [33] Malawi K003364957 Yes
Schimper [1929] Ethiopia K000366417 Type Yes
Schimper [1929] Ethiopia K000366416 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325793 Yes
Appleton, A.F. [38] Zimbabwe K003364970 Yes
Blom, C. [s.n.] Sweden K003560988 Yes
Moss, C.E. [6780] South Africa K002947120 Yes
Mesfin; Sebsebe [3762] Ethiopia K003325796 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5651] Kenya K003361176 Yes
Dolanker [s.n.] Ethiopia K000366411 Type Yes
Davies, R. [1088] Zimbabwe K003364968 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5724] Kenya K002405110 Yes
Schimper [963] Ethiopia K000366415 Type Yes
Mckee, H.S. [9960] New Caledonia K003815089 Yes
Davidse, G.; Loxton, A. [6093] South Africa K002947144 Yes
Edwards, S. [116] Ethiopia K003325795 Yes
Ryding, O.; Teferi, M.; Mengisteab, G. [1581] Eritrea K003325798 Yes
Smook, L. [4614] South Africa K002947128 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325777 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325799 Yes
s.coll. [801] Zambia K003364963 Yes
Ricketts [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560978 Yes
s.coll. [1] Australia K002405104 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [21404] K002405122 Yes
Smook, L. [4146] South Africa K002947127 Yes
Parker, C. [E549] Ethiopia K003325783 Yes
Hitchcock, A.S. [45085] Kenya K003361175 Yes
Ferguson, H.L. [66] Ethiopia K003325791 Yes
Kloos, A.W. [s.n.] Netherlands K003560987 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325789 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325805 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5725] Kenya K002405107 Yes
Ash, J. (Mrs.) [2139] Ethiopia K003325775 Yes
Roberts, L.J. [2520] Zimbabwe K003364965 Yes
Bradfield, R.D. [354] South Africa K002947123 Yes
Fukui, K.; Fukui, M. [945] Ethiopia K003325771 Yes
Schimper [961] Ethiopia K000366418 Type Yes
Stordy, R.J. [[8]] Ethiopia K003325801 Yes
Theron, G.C. [210] South Africa K002947136 Yes
Camerik, A.M. [1003] Botswana K003364973 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [5155] Ethiopia K003325787 Yes
Davy, J.B.; F.L.S. [17183] South Africa K002947114 Yes
Theron, G.K. [2955] South Africa K002947125 Yes
Swartz [s.n.] Ethiopia K000366412 Type Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5726] Kenya K002405109 Yes
Sebsebe, D. [1920] Ethiopia K003325770 Yes
[Loe] [s.n.] India K002405116 Yes
Acocks, J.P.H. [1877] South Africa K002947141 Yes
Cormack, A.B. [273] Malawi K003364958 Yes
Ash, J. (Mrs.) [2272] Ethiopia K003325774 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[F]19] South Africa K002947112 Yes
Hitchcock, A.S. [24406] Mozambique K003364956 Yes
Schimper [798] Ethiopia K000366409 Type Yes
Schmitz, M. [7603] Lesotho K002947145 Yes
Schweinfurth, G.; Riva, D. [1261] Ethiopia K003325809 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003560986 Yes
Edwards, D.C. [1649] Kenya K003361177 Yes
[A. Braun] [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325784 Yes
[D. Roudcek] [s.n.] K003560991 Yes
Andrews, F.W. [K28] Sudan K002405105 Yes
[Nobb] [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325800 Yes
Robinson, D.A. [285] Zimbabwe K003364969 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[3]17] South Africa K002947108 Yes
Friis, I.; Aweke, G.; Rasmussen, F.; Vollesen, K.B. [2278] Ethiopia K003325797 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325780 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5723] Kenya K002405108 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325779 Yes
Melville, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560982 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002405124 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325782 Yes
Robinson, E.A. [84] Zambia K003364962 Yes
Bezuidenhout, B. [78] Zimbabwe K003364967 Yes
Liebenberg, L.C.C. [7495] South Africa K002947129 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Eritrea K003325811 Yes
Frazer, C.L. [195] Kenya K003361178 Yes
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] United States K002405121 Yes
Crook, A.O. [2006] Zimbabwe K003364971 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[F]18] South Africa K002947110 Yes
Davy, J.B.; F.L.S. [17183] South Africa K002947113 Yes
Davy, J.B.; F.L.S. [17182] South Africa K002947115 Yes
{D. B. M?ller} [537] South Africa K002947130 Yes
[M. Leman] [1214] Tanzania K003361180 Yes
Schimper [962] Ethiopia K000366414 Type Yes
Scott, H.; Cooper, J.O. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325781 Yes
Wilman, M. [s.n.] South Africa K002947140 Yes
Blair, I.R. [s.n.] Eritrea K003325808 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Egypt K003561762 Yes
Werger, M.J.A. [[E&W]195] South Africa K002947131 Yes
Hansen, G. [BS 110] K002405120 Yes
Schimper [1927] Ethiopia K000366413 Type Yes
Soutter, R. [s.n.] K002405125 Yes
[Cecil Sandwith] [164] South Africa K002947118 Yes
Friis, I.; Bidgood, G.S.; Fantahun Semon; Jensen, M.; Gashaw, M. [7872] Ethiopia K003325794 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325776 Yes
Hemming, C.F. [1272] Ethiopia K003325790 Yes
Ward, C.J. [5872] South Africa K002947134 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.] K002405119 Yes
s.coll. [32] Namibia K002947105 Yes
s.coll. [7077] K002405117 Yes
Clement, E.J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560980 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325804 Yes
Ash, J. (Mrs.) [3098] Ethiopia K003325768 Yes
Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8419] South Africa K002947126 Yes
Pappi, A. [5] Eritrea K003325810 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB18[41]] Kenya K003361179 Yes
Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8563] South Africa K002947124 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Somalia K003325812 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [782] Zambia K003364964 Yes
Ricketts [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560977 Yes
s.coll. [32] Namibia K002947106 Yes
Schimper [1970] Ethiopia K000366410 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ricketts [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560979 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5727] Kenya K002405111 Yes
Weber, O. [19] Lesotho K003364974 Yes
Davy, J.B.; F.L.S. [17183] South Africa K002947116 Yes
Smook, L. [4578] South Africa K002947135 Yes
Plowden [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325803 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003560985 Yes
Reynolds, M. [2451] Zimbabwe K003364972 Yes
Acocks, J.P.H. [15684] South Africa K002947139 Yes
Bryant, E.G. [s.n.] South Africa K002947143 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[F]18] South Africa K002947111 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB5728] Kenya K002405106 Yes
Davy, J.B. [2126] South Africa K002947117 Yes
[Cecil Sandwith] [93] South Africa K002947138 Yes
Deflers, M. [351] Saudi Arabia K003561760 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002405123 Yes
Potts, G. [2402] South Africa K002947132 Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [144] Saudi Arabia K003561761 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [801] Zambia K003364959 Yes
s.coll. [2404] K002405113 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K003560983 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003560984 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.] K002405118 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ethiopia K003325788 Yes
Pole-Evans, I.B. [[7]19] South Africa K002947107 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [30205] South Africa K002947121 Yes
Ryves, T.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003560981 Yes
Palisot [s.n.] Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica K003560488 Yes
Noë [s.n.] Italy Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica K003560490 Yes
Noë (Dr) [s.n.] Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica K003560489 Yes
Maly, K. [s.n.] Serbia Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica K003560491 Yes
Wierzbicki [s.n.] Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica K003560487 Yes

Sources

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    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0