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This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan, Guangdong) to Vietnam, Malesia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1500-2000 cm long; 100 mm diam.; woody; with aerial roots from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 20-45 cm long; dark green; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Buds or branches absent from lower quarter of culm. Culm-sheaths 15-30 cm long; hispid; with dark brown hairs; truncate at apex; auriculate; with 7-12 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 10-15 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 15-20 mm high; fimbriate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; narrower than sheath; reflexed; pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 4 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 7 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; erose. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 20-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; 4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; 4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes two, or several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets increasing in size upwards. Fertile lemma ovate; 6-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 5-8 -veined; 2-keeled. Palea keels ciliate. Palea surface puberulous; hairy on back and on flanks. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 4-6 mm long; anther tip penicillate. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 1; pubescent. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia.
Reference
Bambuseae. Holttum 1995.

Native to:

Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Taiwan

Gigantochloa levis (Blanco) Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 30, 1993 Christensen, H. [21], Sarawak K000795495
Jul 9, 1993 Christensen, H. [1553], Sarawak K000795498
Jul 9, 1993 Christensen, H. [1553], Sarawak K000795494
Aug 8, 1988 Kulip J. et al. [SAN 125723], Sabah K000795509
Dec 1, 1984 Gibbs, L.S. [3039], Sabah K000290590 holotype
Curran, H.M. [10177], Philippines K000290579 Unknown type material
Curran, H.M. [10177], Philippines K000290580 Unknown type material
Curran, H.M. [10177], Philippines K000290581 Unknown type material
Topping, D.L. [310], Philippines K000290582
Topping, D.L. [310], Philippines K000290583
Saigol, P. [1], Sarawak K000795497
Widjaja, E.A. [EAW6677], Bali K000795508
Wong, K.M. [FRI 28942], Peninsular Malaysia K000795496
Wong, K.M. [FRI 28973], Peninsular Malaysia K000795512
Dransfield, S. [SD1181], Peninsular Malaysia K000795555
Dransfield, S. [SD1180], Peninsular Malaysia K000795500
Pearce, K. [s.n.], Sarawak K000795511
Pearce, K. [1], Sarawak K000795499

First published in Amer. J. Bot. 3: 61 (1916)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0