Maclura tinctoria (L.) D.Don ex G.Don

First published in J.C.Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 380 (1830)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras. Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Montianele de Castro, R. & Rapini, A. (2010). Flora da Bahia: Moraceae. Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 10: 97-137.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay. Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Pederneiras, L.C. & al. (2014). Avaliação do risco de extinção das Urticineae das restingas do estado de Rio de Janeiro. Rodriguésia 65: 261-273.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Flora of the Cayman Islands

  • Steud., Nom. ed. 2, 2: 87 (1841).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
  • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38
  • López-Camacho, R., Pulido, E., Diaz, J. (2016). APP Especies Maderables Versión 2 [online application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
  • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras. Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Montianele de Castro, R. & Rapini, A. (2010). Flora da Bahia: Moraceae. Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 10: 97-137.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay. Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Pederneiras, L.C. & al. (2014). Avaliação do risco de extinção das Urticineae das restingas do estado de Rio de Janeiro. Rodriguésia 65: 261-273.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Identificación de las plantas útiles como Productos Forestales No Maderables del Bosque seco-Tropical en tres ventanas del Caribe colombiano. 1386 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Sarmiento Bernal, C. (Proveedor del metadatos). Espitia Palenci, L. (Autor), Gallego, B. (Punto de contacto), Aguilar Cano, J. (Curador), Mendoza, H. (Curador). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=rrbb_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 12, 2013 Brazil K000946411 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946419 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946423 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946404 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946414 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946406 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946408 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946404 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946410 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946404 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946404 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946398 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946423 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946422 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946419 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946420 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946418 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946423 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946426 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946419 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946403 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946419 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946423 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946425 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946418 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946418 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946396 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946424 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946424 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946424 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946424 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946392 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946392 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946392 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946398 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946395 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946403 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946396 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946396 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946396 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946418 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946398 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946417 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946421 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946398 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946400 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946403 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946403 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946392 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946402 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946399 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946415 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946401 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946426 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946401 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946401 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946407 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946402 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946399 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946402 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946405 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946405 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946405 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946405 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946407 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946407 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946402 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946393 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946393 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946399 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946393 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946399 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946394 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946397 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946397 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946397 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946397 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946401 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946393 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946416 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946412 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946412 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946427 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946412 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946412 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946416 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946416 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946407 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946427 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946427 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946426 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946416 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946417 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946417 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946417 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946426 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946427 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 19, 2013 Brazil K000946409 No
Jul 10, 2013 Hatschbach, G.G.; Spichiger, R.; Cervi, A.C.; Barbosa, E. [69690] Brazil K000946423 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Spruce [651] Brazil K000946410 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Lanna, J.P. [27] Brazil K000946415 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Burchell [6360] Brazil K000946411 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Robert, A. [784] Brazil K000946408 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Glaziou, A.F.M. [14281] Brazil K000946414 Yes
Jul 10, 2013 Groppo, M., Jr. [838] Brazil K000946427 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Dusén, P. [17034] Brazil K000946404 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Vauthier [134] Brazil K000946406 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Heringer, E.P.; Filgueiras, T.S.; Mendonça, R.C.; Pereira, B.A.S.; Salles, A.E.H.; Silva, F.C. [5516] Brazil K000946420 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Blanchet [3301] Brazil K000946395 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Fróes, R.L. [20970] Brazil K000946400 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Ratter, J.A.; Rocha, M.P.; Castro, R.A. [4434] Brazil K000946425 Yes
Jul 9, 2013 Mexia, Y.E.J. [5329] Brazil K000946396 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 Wood, J.R.I., et al. [21628] Bolivia K000634389 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 Wood, J.R.I., et al. [22467] Bolivia K000634390 Yes
Jul 9, 2007 Argentina K000442706 No
Jul 9, 2007 Colombia K000442705 No
Jul 9, 2007 Colombia K000442705 No
Jul 9, 2007 Colombia K000442705 No
Jul 9, 2007 Colombia K000442705 No
Jul 9, 2007 Paraguay K000442704 No
Jul 9, 2007 Paraguay K000442703 No
Sep 4, 2004 Meneces, E., y Erquicia, R. [439] Bolivia K000035564 Yes
Sep 2, 2004 Wood, J.R.I.; Mendoza, M. [18550] Bolivia K000035578 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, W.; Pirani, J.R.; Guedes, J.; Lima, R.P. [4364] Brazil K000946422 Yes
Hassler, E. [12125] Paraguay K000442703 Type Yes
Lorentz; Hieronymus [479] Argentina K000442706 Type Yes
Hassler, E. [3368] Paraguay K000442704 Type Yes
Holton, I.F. [250] Colombia K000442705 Type Yes
Bolivia K000542634 No
Bolivia K000634390 No
Bolivia K000634389 No
Bolivia K000035578 No
Bolivia K000035564 No
Renvoize, S.A.; Wilmot-Dear, M.; Saenz, A. [3252] Argentina Chlorophora tinctoria K000618246 Yes
Nee, M. [58770] Argentina Maclura tinctoria subsp. mora K001574085 Yes
Nee, M. [58770] Argentina Maclura tinctoria subsp. mora K001574086 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/