Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Texas to Venezuela, Florida to Caribbean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 300 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[KBu]

Eriksson, R. (2007). A Synopsis of Basellaceae. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443356

Distribution
Native to sotuthern North America, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America, mainly at low altitudes. Cultivated as ornamental, and sometimes escaped, also in other tropical and subtropical parts of the world.
Morphology General Habit
Twining vine
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 2 - 15 x 1 - 9 cm, broadly elliptic to ovate, at base attenuate to cuneate, at apex acute to acuminate or obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers functionally unisexual (plants dioecious)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers sterile (pistillate individuals) or not (staminate individuals), pale
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2 - 2.5 x 1 - 1.5 mm (excluding 1 - 1.5 mm wide wing), ± equalling petals in length, patent at anthesis and erect with a broad dorsal wing in fruit (pistillate individuals), elliptic to oblong, at anthesis whitish, later pale
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.5 - 2.5 x 1 - 1.5 mm, uniform, patent at anthesis and erect ill fruit (pistillate individuals), elliptic to oblong, at anthesis whitish, later pale
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1, 3-parted almost to the base, or styles 3; stigmas usually bifid, seldom entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1 - 2.5 mm long, slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit and petals loosely enclosed by winged sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences up to c. 75 cm long, unbranched to branched, usually lax with rather slender axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles persistent or sometimes deciduous, ovate to trullate triangular, free
Morphology Stem
Stem glabrous, producing aerial and subterranean tubers
Note
Lamarck (1785) most probably based the description of Basella vesicaria on both the material cultivated atJardin du Roi in Paris ("v[eu] v[ivante]") and a herbarium specimen. This specimen was designated by Eriksson (1996) as lectotype. Moquin-Tandon (1849b) used several collections by Andrieux, West, and Galeotti when describing Boussingaultia leptostachys, of which one of the two Andrieux specimens in K was designated as lectotype by Hauman ( 1925). Anredera vesicaria is most easily recognised by the flowers that dry pale and have three styles, or a deeply 3-parted style, with bifid stigmas. It is functionally dioecious, where the pistillate form does not produce pollen and the staminate form only rarely sets fruit. Furthermore, the pistillate individuals have sepals with a broad, dorsal wing in fruit, a structure that certainly aids in dispersal. The synonymised Boussingaultia leptostachys represents the staminate form, whereas A. vesicaria and the remaining synonyms are pistillate. This species seems to reproduce well by its vegetative tubers, which explains why only staminate individuals have been found in some areas.
Vernacular
Sacasile, stuelda con suelda, and Texas madeiravine.

Native to:

Bahamas, Belize, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Anredera vesicaria (Lam.) C.F.Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Andrieux, G. [72], Mexico K000640680 Unknown type material
s.coll. [2], Mexico K000640679 Unknown type material

First published in Suppl. Carp. 3: 176 (1807)

Accepted by

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Gaertner, C. F. von (1807). Supplementum Carpologicae 2(2). Leipzig.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Eriksson, R. (2007). A synopsis of Basellaceae Kew Bulletin 62: 297-320.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0