Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R.Br.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Casanare, Cesar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 60(75) cm tall, erect or ascending, usually unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; leaf sheaths eglandular; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 5–20 cm × 1–3(5) mm, linear, flat or involute, glabrous or with scattered long silky hairs, scaberulous, somewhat firm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 4–20 cm long, woolly, narrow and spike-like but often lobed and interrupted, the spikelets densely clustered on pedicels 2–4 mm long, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils, eglandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2–4.5 × c. 2 mm, ovate, strongly laterally compressed, 6–12-flowered, the florets disarticulating from the apex downwards, the rhachilla fragile; glumes subequal, 0.7–1.4 mm long, reaching to beyond the middle of the adjacent lemmas, lightly keeled, narrowly lanceolate or narrowly oblong-lanceolate in profile, scabrid on the keel, acute at the apex; lemmas 0.9–1.5 mm long, keeled, oblong-elliptic in profile, membranous with distinct lateral nerves, widely diverging from the rhachilla (greater than 45°), those in opposite rows not imbricate, the rhachilla visible between them, purplish, with a few short stiff hairs on the keel below (most apparent in the uppermost lemmas), otherwise smooth, broadly obtuse and ± obscurely mucronate at the apex; palea glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, tuberculate-ciliate with hairs 0.6–0.7 mm long; anthers 2, 0.2–0.4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis 0.3–0.5 mm long, elliptic.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual; culms 5–60 cm. high, erect.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat, up to 12 cm. long and 5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle spike-like, but often ± lobed or interrupted, 1–20 cm. long, woolly, the spikelets densely clustered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 6–12-flowered, ovate, 2–4.5 mm. long, fluffy, often purplish, breaking up from the apex, the rhachilla fragile; glumes lanceolate, subequal, 0.7–1.2 mm. long, acute; lemmas oblong-elliptic, 0.9–1.5 mm. long, the keels (at least in the upper lemmas) bearing a few short stiff hairs, otherwise smooth, broadly obtuse, ± obscurely mucronate; palea-keels tuberculate-ciliate, the hairs 0.6–0.7 mm. long, exceeding the width of the adjacent floret; anthers 2, 0.2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis ellipsoid, 0.3–0.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 60/2, p. 190.
Habitat
Farmland, clearings and in overgrazed, trodden or weedy places; sea-level to 1400 m., or sometimes more
Distribution
tropical and South Africa, extending through Arabia and the Mascarene Is. to Indiatropical America K1 K2 K4 K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 50 cm high; leaves flat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 1–12.5 cm long, contracted, spike-like or lobed and interrupted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets oblong-elliptic to ovate, 2–3.5 mm long, 6- to 12-flowered, the florets loose and divergent, covered by the spreading palea-hairs, disarticulating between the florets, the rhachilla fragile; glumes equal, lanceolate, 0.9–1 mm long; lemmas oblong in profile, thinly membranous, 0.9–1.5 mm long, with a few pectinate hairs on the lower part of the keel at least in the upper lemmas, broadly obtuse, mucronate; palea-keels pectinate-ciliate with tubercle-based hairs 0.4–0.8 mm long; anthers 2, 0.1–0.2 mm long.
Distribution
N1–3; C1; S1–3 throughout the tropics.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1200 m.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Annual 15–60 cm. high
Ecology
A common weed of roadsides, cultivated land and waste places.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 5-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-12 cm long; 1-5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear, or oblong; continuous, or interrupted; 1-20 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 2-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 2-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.7-1.2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.7-1.2 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 0.9-1.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliolate (at least a few hairs on upper lemmas). Lemma apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate (obscurely). Palea keels tuberculate; ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 2; 0.2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 0.3-0.5 mm long.
Distribution
Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India. Pacific: southwestern, northwestern, and north-central. North America: south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Eragrostideae. FTEA.
Diagnostic
Palea hairs 0.6-0.7mm, more than width of floret.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 20-40 cm long. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheaths mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 3-8 cm long; 1.5-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; oblong; continuous, or interrupted; 3-9 cm long; 1-2.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 11-18 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 11-18 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 1-1.2 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
South America: northern South America.
Reference
Eragrostideae. Luces 2002.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Doubtfully present in:

Morocco

Native to:

Aldabra, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, France, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Jersey, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [81], Cape Verde K000366492 Unknown type material Yes
Apr 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1176], Brazil K001101571 Yes
Mar 30, 1992 Peru K000747151 Yes
Oct 2, 1985 Peru K001467403 Yes
Nov 11, 1983 Panama K001467383 Yes
Mar 9, 1934 Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000907152 Yes
Nov 1, 1898 Lesser Antilles K001467424 Yes
Jan 21, 1892 Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], India K000643382 Yes
s.coll. [22237], India K000245068 Yes
Bouton, M. [s.n.], Madagascar K000244805 Yes
[Fischer, S.] [s.n.], India K000643383 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [2548], México State K000465814 No
Hage, J.L. [981], Brazil K001101536 Yes
Hage, J.L. [1157], Brazil K001101537 Yes
Hage, J.L. [1021], Brazil K001101538 Yes
Martius, C.F.P. [s.n.] K001101541 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2846], Brazil K001101551 Yes
Lanna [858], Brazil K001101559 Yes
Ferreira, S. [57], Brazil K001101560 Yes
Glaziou [6431], Brazil K001101570 Yes
Martius [s.n.], Brazil K001101574 Yes
Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K001101575 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [3164], Brazil K001101579 Yes
Anderson, W.R. [9337], Brazil K001101583 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4726], Brazil K001101585 Yes
Prance, G.T. [2595], Brazil K001101586 Yes
Glaziou, A. [14399], Brazil K001101589 Yes
Klein [9224], Brazil K001101592 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001101596 Yes
Gardner, G. [1434] K001101601 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [2601], Brazil K001101573 Yes
s.coll. [8005], Brazil K001101561 Yes
Castellanos, A. [25882], Brazil K001101546 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2509], Brazil K001101553 Yes
Schimper, W. [798], Saudi Arabia K000643413 Yes
s.coll. [34], Martinique K001101542 Yes
Schimper, W. [798], Saudi Arabia K000643412 Yes
Strang, H.E. [439], Brazil K001101557 Yes
Noblick, L.R. [2204], Brazil K001101535 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [5617], Michoacán K000465813 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K001101545 Yes
Atala, F. [323], Brazil K001101584 Yes
Kummrow, P. [553], Brazil K001101549 Yes
Glaziou [14399], Brazil K001101590 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4690], Brazil K001101587 Yes
Hage, J.L. [987], Brazil K001101534 Yes
Gardner [1196], Brazil K001101598 Yes
Hooker [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K001101599 Yes
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001101556 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [1589], Brazil K001101554 Yes
Silva, J.M. [1237], Brazil K001101578 Yes
Saito, Y. [1266], Brazil K001101555 Yes
Gardner [1196], Brazil K001101600 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [9543], Brazil K001101563 Yes
Dusén, P. [6051], Brazil K001101552 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [2197 (bis)], México State K000465810 No
Kummrow, R. [258], Brazil K001101550 Yes
Glaziou, A. [6939], Brazil K001101567 Yes
Moricand [2439], Brazil K001101544 Yes
Ridley [160], Brazil K001101597 Yes
Burchell [8453], Brazil K001101565 Yes
Carvalho, A.M. [2444], Brazil K001101576 Yes
Burchell [9543], Brazil K001101562 Yes
Schimper, W. [798], Saudi Arabia K000643414 isotype Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1172], Brazil K001101572 Yes
Stapf, O. [23309], India K000643385 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001101547 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [2244], México State K000465812 No
Harley, R.M. [16613], Brazil K001101539 Yes
Harley, R.M. [17043], Brazil K001101548 Yes
Spruce, R. [6431], Ecuador K000201606 Yes
Burchell [8460-2], Brazil K001101566 Yes
Rolland, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001101588 Yes
s.coll. [11], India K000643384 Yes
Luetzelburg, P. [24], Brazil K001101581 Yes
Castellanos, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001101558 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [s.n.], Brazil K001101595 Yes
Riedel [979], Brazil K001101582 Yes
Eiten, G. [4554], Brazil K001101594 Yes
Burchell [8175], Brazil K001101564 Yes
Eiten, G. [3900], Brazil K001101593 Yes
Spruce, R. [6433], Ecuador K000201605 Yes
Glaziou [3147], Brazil K001101568 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], St.Vincent K001101543 Yes
Carauta, J.P.P. [4793], Brazil K001101577 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4152], Brazil K001101591 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [2646], México State K000465811 No
Bolland [s.n.], Brazil K001101580 Yes
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001101540 Yes
Gardner [1434], Brazil K001101569 Yes
Peru K000326025 Yes
Colombia K001467384 Yes
Colombia K001467385 Yes
Colombia K001467386 Yes
Colombia K001467387 Yes
Colombia K001467388 Yes
Colombia K001467389 Yes
Pennell, F.W. [3882], Colombia K001467390 Yes
Colombia K001467391 Yes
Ecuador K001467392 Yes
Ecuador K001467393 Yes
Ecuador K001467394 Yes
Ecuador K001467395 Yes
Ecuador K001467396 Yes
Ecuador K001467397 Yes
Ecuador K001467398 Yes
Peru K001467399 Yes
Peru K001467400 Yes
Peru K001467401 Yes
Peru K001467402 Yes
Peru K001467404 Yes
Peru K001467405 Yes
Peru K001467406 Yes
Peru K001467407 Yes
Peru K001467408 Yes
Peru K001467409 Yes
Peru K001467410 Yes
Venezuela K001467411 Yes
Venezuela K001467412 Yes
Venezuela K001467413 Yes
Venezuela K001467414 Yes
Venezuela K001467415 Yes
Venezuela K001467416 Yes
Venezuela K001467417 Yes
Venezuela K001467418 Yes
Venezuela K001467419 Yes
Venezuela K001467420 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467421 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467422 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467423 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467425 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467426 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467427 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467428 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467429 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467430 Yes
Lesser Antilles K001467431 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467432 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467433 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467434 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467435 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467436 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467437 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467438 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467439 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467440 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467441 Yes
Galapagos Is. K001467442 Yes

First published in J.H.Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire: 478 (1818)

Accepted by

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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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