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This species is accepted, and its native range is Great Britain, Macaronesia to Caucasus.
Echium plantagineum

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual to biennial herb with 1–many flowering stems 20–65 cm. tall; radical leaves ovate to oblanceolate, 5–28 cm. long, 1–3.5 cm. wide, adpressed setose with lateral nerves distinct; cauline leaves oblong to lanceolate, the upper cordate or truncate at the base, all with adpressed rather soft hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes usually distinctly stalked, lengthening after flowering to 25–30 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.7–1.2 cm. long, lengthening to 1.7 cm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue turning purple then pink or entirely white, 1.8–3.2 cm. long, with hairs restricted to the veins and margins; ring of 10 distinct pilose lobes within the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Lower pair of stamens exserted, the others included or only slightly exserted; filaments with long woolly hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style included, densely hispidulous below, bifid for ± 1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets black or grey-brown, ovoid-bipyramidal, 2.3–3 × 2–2.5 mm. with prominent ventral and distinct dorsal keel and short suberect beak, tuberculate and faintly striate.
Figures
Fig. 22.
Habitat
Naturalised along roads and in meadows; 1680–2420 m.
Distribution
native to W. Europe including SW. Britain and Mediterranean area introduced into other parts of Europe, S. Russia and Caucasus and widely distributed as a casual and a bad weed in Australia K3 T3

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, South European Russi, Spain, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Brazil South, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Great Britain, Ireland, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Manitoba, Massachusetts, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Queensland, South Australia, Tanzania, Tasmania, Ukraine, Uruguay, Victoria, Western Australia

Echium plantagineum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 8, 2011 Rico, L. [2240], Syria K000764188
Sintenis, P. [299], Greece K000958576

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 202 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://bsbi.org/archaeophytes epublication.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • GBIF ( 2021-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bonnier, Fl. Compl. Fr., Suisse et Belg. 7: t. 420/1979 (1924).
  • Edmondson in Fl. Turkey 6: 322, fig. 8 (1978).
  • Gibbs in Lagascalia 1: 57 (1971).
  • Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(3), fig. 3139 (1927).
  • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: 202 (1771).
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1155 (1985).
  • Piggin in Journ. Austral. Inst. Agric.Sci. 48: 3–16 (1982) (biology).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/