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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa and NW. India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, usually virgately branched or small often straggling tree, often with several branches from the base, 1.8–6 m. tall, deciduous; bark grey; young shoots glandular-pubescent and with white non-glandular hairs and some adpressed pubescence, sometimes ferruginous; older stems pale brown, ± striate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic, oblong-elliptic or obovate, 1.2–9(–11) cm. long, 0.7–6(–8.5) cm. wide, obtuse to shortly acuminate at apex but sometimes truncate, rounded or even ± emarginate, cuneate at the base, pubescent to velvety on both surfaces but not usually rough, the hairs on the upper surface, however, slightly bulbous-based but occasionally quite roughish (‘rougher with age’ fide B.D. Burtt 559); petiole up to 2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweet-scented, in glandular pubescent terminal cymes 2.5 cm. wide but sometimes on very short lateral shoots and appearing axillary; where cymes are close on leafless branches the flowers are in dense masses up to 30 cm. long; peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long; pedicels 1–4.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes ovate, elliptic or narrowly triangular, 2 mm. long, 0.8 mm. wide, ciliate and puberulous, joined only at extreme base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink, blue, pale lilac or mauve, drying brown and white; tube cylindrical, 4–4.5 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular to oblong, 3–4.5 mm. long, 1–1.2 mm. wide, acute or obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments exserted 2–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–6 mm. long with branches 1.5–2 mm. long or in T4 material 3 mm. long with 3 mm. long branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits orange or red, globose, 5–6 mm. diameter, glabrous or densely shortly glandular-pubescent (see note); pyrenes subovoid, 4.5 mm. long, 3.5 mm. wide, excentrically excavated on inner two faces so as to appear like a human ear, the excavation nearest to the apical pointed end of the pyrene; outer face convex, very irregularly reticulate.
Habitat
Brachystegia-Uapaca woodland, riparian woodland, wooded grassland and deciduous thicket and thornbush, often in rocky places; 700–1500 m.
Distribution
K3 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 U1

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small much branched tree up to 4.5(6) m. high, deciduous; branches pubescent with short glandular capitate hairs and scattered small bristles to subglabrous, glabrescent and greyish.
Morphology Leaves
Petiole 0.4–1.5(2.0) cm. long, glandular-pubescent; leaf lamina 3–8(13) x 1.5–5.0(7.0) cm., obovate or oblanceolate, sometimes widely elliptic, pubescent and with scattered glandular capitate hairs above, pubescent to densely pubescent beneath, sometimes glandular hairs only on the midrib and nerves, rounded to shortly acuminate at apex, cuneate to obtuse at base, with margins entire to coarsely dentate at apex, a few times crenate or crenate-dentate, papery, with 4–6 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib, usually without acarodomatia at the axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, arranged in corymbs 3–7 cm. long, usually up to 30-flowered, rarely more, subsessile to well-pedunculate, terminal on the shoots or on the short shoots and often afterwards seemingly extra-axillary; peduncle and branches glandular-pubescent and sometimes bristly; pedicels 0.5–5.0 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–2.5 mm. long, lobed to near base, glandular-pubescent; lobes narrowly triangular to ovate, acute to obtuse at apex, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue to mauve, rarely white or purple; tube 3.5–5.5 mm. long, cylindrical to narrowly funnel-shaped; lobes 3–4 x 1.5–2.0 mm., ovate to oblong, rounded at apex, ± spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anthers 1.0–1.6(1.8) mm. long, sagittate-oblong to linear; filaments 3.0–4.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, glabrous or glandular-puberulous; style 5–7 mm. long, divided from 1/101/3 of its length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 5 x 7 x 5 mm., fleshy, often glandular-pubescent, sometimes glabrous, orange when ripe; pyrenes 4, irregularly reticulate-foveate on the outer surfaces.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall; young branchlets pubescent with glandular and non-glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic to obovate or suborbicular, 1.5–9 x 1–6 cm, cuneate at the base, rounded to shortly acuminate or emarginate at the apex, with margins entire to dentate near apex, pubescent on both surfaces or sometimes mainly on the lower surface and along margins, sometimes ± rough above; petiole up to 1.5(–2) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers fragrant in usually glandular pubescent up to 7 cm wide cymes; pedicels 0.5–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes ovate to narrowly triangular, 1–2 mm long, pubescent and ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue to pink or white and ± tinged with pink or purple; tube 4–5 mm long; lobes 3–4.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose, 4.5–6 mm in diam., orange when ripe, glabrous or glandular-pubescent; stones 4, with irregularly reticulate outer face.
Distribution
N1–3; Socotra, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and southwards to South Africa; Arabia, Pakistan and India
Ecology
Altitude range 610–1790 m.
Vernacular
Mared, mared deol (Somali)
Note
E. braunii has been said to differ mainly in its more sparsely hairy upper leaf-surfaces, but the variation appears to be continuous.

[FSOM]
Use
The fruits are edible.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Ehretia obtusifolia Hochst. ex A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 15, 1988 Goetze, W. [884], Tanzania K000418621
Jan 1, 1987 Biegel, H. [1474], Zimbabwe K000282800
Jan 1, 1987 Smith, P.A. [2149], Botswana K000282802
Greenway, P.J. [11056], Tanzania 25613.000
Roth [206], Ethiopia K000418628
Schimper [652], Ethiopia K000418629 isotype
Plowes, D.C.H. [35827], Zimbabwe K000282799
Roxburgh, W. [1902], India Ehretia laevis var. aspera K000998006
Masters, M.T. [s.n.], Assam Ehretia laevis var. aspera K000998007
Ash [1966], Ethiopia Ehretia braunii 35565.000
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1517], Somalia Ehretia braunii K000418630

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 507 (1845)

Accepted by

  • Ali, S.I. & Nasir, Y.J. (1989). Flora of West Pakistan 191: 1-200.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Riedl, H. (1967). Flora Iranica 48: 1-281. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 83 (1850).
  • A.DC. in DC., Prodr. 9: 507 (1845).
  • C.B. Cl. in Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 142 (1883).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 771 (1961).
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 716 (1898).
  • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 78 (1990).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0