Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.

This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Central America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous ornamental shrub, unarmed or with small prickles
Morphology Leaves
Pinnae 3–10 pairs; leaflets 5–11(–13) pairs per pinna, oblong-elliptic, 5–18(–28) x 4–9(–15) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in long racemes, with scarlet, red and yellow, orange-red or yellow petals 15–25 mm long; filaments scarlet, 3–6.5 cm.
Distribution
Cultivated at least in N2, C2, S1, S2 and S3 probably native of tropical America.
Vernacular
Barbados pride (English); mallinni (Somali).

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1700 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Casanare, Cesar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Putumayo, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Shrub, Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 1700 m.
Distribution
Native and cultivated in Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Aigrette, Barbados Pride, Bird-of-Paradise Flower, Carzazo, Clavellina, Fisihetau, Flamboyant Nain, Francillade, Guacamaya, Macata, Paradise Flower, Peacock Flower, Peacock Tree, Petit Flamboyant, Poinciana, Poincillade, Pride Of Barbados, Tabachin, Tabac

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1700 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, árbol
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
acacia, acacia de jardín, acacio, angelita, angelito, angelito clavellino, bellísima, bermudera, cabellos de ángel, camarón, clavelillo, clavellina, clavellino, dividivi, flor de ángel, flor de muerto, flor de pavo, florito, gallito, guacamaya, guacamayo, mariquita, mariquito, sabetoto

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Angelito, Clavelino, Rutuin

[FSOM]
Use
Ornamental

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins

Native to:

Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, India, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2008 Farfán, J. [1184], Peru K000724151 No
Dec 13, 2007 González, F. [610], Costa Rica K000661378 No
Dec 13, 2007 González, F. [610], Costa Rica K000661379 No
Nov 1, 2005 Amith, J. [459], Mexico K000661492 No
Jan 1, 2005 Delgado Salinas, A. [ADS2427], Mexico K000661458 No
Jan 1, 2005 Delgado Salinas, A. [ADS2427], Mexico K000661457 No
Jan 1, 2002 Balderrama, J. [141], Bolivia K000724149 No
May 1, 2001 Elorsa C., M. [3796], Mexico K000661459 No
Jan 1, 1999 Croat, T.B. [64706], Guatemala K000661455 No
Jan 1, 1999 Soihet, G. [39], Honduras K000661488 No
Jan 1, 1999 Croat, T.B. [64706], Guatemala K000661454 No
Jan 1, 1999 Martínez, O. [140], Honduras K000661489 No
Sep 1, 1998 Grupo Ecológico Cantón La Bermuda [s.n.], El Salvador K000661452 No
Mar 1, 1998 Guillén, R. [3700], Bolivia K000724147 No
Mar 1, 1998 Guillén, R. [3700], Bolivia K000724148 No
Jan 1, 1995 Guareco, I. [166], Bolivia K000724146 No
Jan 1, 1995 Guareco, I. [570], Bolivia K000724144 No
Aug 6, 1993 Barreto, K.D. [00990], São Paulo K000680799 No
May 3, 1993 Pérez, B. [1028], Paraguay K000680819 No
Mar 1, 1993 Sandoval, E. [1035], El Salvador K000661480 No
Jan 1, 1993 Ucan, E. [3315], Mexico K000661508 No
Jan 1, 1993 Balam, F. [514], Mexico K000661505 No
Apr 4, 1990 Ivanauskas, N.M. [8], São Paulo K000680798 Yes
Apr 4, 1990 Ivanauskas, N.M. [8], São Paulo K000680797 Yes
Feb 12, 1990 Caldari, P. Jr. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680800 No
Jan 1, 1990 Cerón, C. [11678], Ecuador K000724156 No
Sep 28, 1989 Miller, J.S. [291], Mexico K000661506 No
Jul 28, 1989 Hamilton, C. [4160], Panama K000661644 No
Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [19929], Mexico K000661528 No
Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [4437], Mexico K000661541 No
Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [647], Mexico K000661525 No
Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [6596], Mexico K000661523 No
Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [4437], Mexico K000661530 No
Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [10470], Mexico K000661527 No
Jan 1, 1986 Estrada Castillón, A.E. [524], Mexico K000661524 No
Jan 1, 1986 Torres C., R. [5871], Mexico K000661526 No
Jan 1, 1984 Filho, P.C.A. [19], Brazil K000680814 No
Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [785], Bahia K000055252 Yes
Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [785], Bahia K000055251 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 de Oliveira, G.F. [10], Brazil K000264121 Yes
Feb 13, 1982 Charlier [s.n.], São Paulo K000680804 Yes
Dec 11, 1978 Philcox, D. [4449], Goiás K000680813 Yes
Jan 1, 1958 Robert, A. [712], Mato Grosso K000680812 Yes
May 1, 1940 Worth, C.H. [8818], Mexico K000661545 No
Owens, S.J., USA 52823.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Senegal K000264528 Unknown type material Yes
Vogel [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000264529 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [46] K000264757 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [5875], Mexico K000119571 No
Hinton, G.B. [5104], Mexico K000119572 No
Hinton, G.B. [4594], Mexico K000119573 No
Hinton, G.B. [945], Mexico K000119574 No
Hinton, G.B. [733], Mexico K000119575 No
Hinton, G.B. [10049], Mexico K000119576 No
Teixeira, B.C. [293], São Paulo K000680805 Yes
André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724159 No
Andrade, C.G. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680802 No
Burchell, W.J. [9539-2], Brazil K000680810 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [8994-2], Brazil K000680818 Yes
Hassler, E. [6227], Paraguay K000680822 No
Schinini, A. [24683], Paraguay K000680823 No
Hassler, E. [1266], Paraguay K000680824 No
Cárdenas, L. [4271], Venezuela K000724138 No
Fendler, A. [332], Venezuela K000724139 No
Linden, J.J. [3], Venezuela K000724140 No
Burchell [s.n.], Venezuela K000724141 No
Miller, O.O. [64], Venezuela K000724143 No
Bang, M. [1386], Bolivia K000724145 No
Sandeman, C. [194], Peru K000724152 No
Klug, G. [2605], Peru K000724153 No
Martín, R.T. [1121], Peru K000724155 No
Sinclair, A. [s.n.], Ecuador K000724157 No
Gonzalez Ortega, J. [426], Mexico K000661515 No
Ortega, R. [331], Mexico K000661460 No
Barclay, G.W. [s.n.] K000661484 No
Hinton, G.B. [6955], Mexico K000119569 No
Magallanes, J.A.S. [1164], Mexico K000661513 No
Spruce, R. [361], Amazonas K000680809 Yes
Schuckt [s.n.], Brazil K000680815 Yes
Williams, R.S. [635], Bolivia K000724150 No
Traill, J.W.H. [169], Brazil K000680811 Yes
Lozada, L. [785], Mexico K000661509 No
Mexia, Y. [8704], Mexico K000661543 No
Méndez, M. [52], Mexico K000661507 No
Burchell, W.J. [1236], Brazil K000680817 Yes
Gaumer, G.F. [137], Honduras K000661487 No
Holton, I.F. [s.n.], Colombia K000724165 No
Lewis, G.P. [1715], Guatemala K000661469 No
Sotuyo, S. [11], Mexico K000661471 No
Palmer, E. [161], Mexico K000661521 No
Orcutt, C.W. [3425], Mexico K000661518 No
Bates, H.W. [s.n.], Mexico K000661475 No
Hinton, G.B. [6666], Mexico K000119570 No
Belshaw. C.M. [3211], Peru K000724154 No
Mexia, Y. [8704], Mexico K000661544 No
Lewis, G.P. [2069], United Kingdom K000661516 No
Burchell, W.J. [7345-2], Brazil K000680816 Yes
Hassler, E. [12336], Paraguay K000680821 No
Jurgensen [55], Mexico K000661474 No
Donell-Smith, J. [1705], Guatemala K000661482 No
MACQUEEN, D.J. [139], Mexico K000661542 No
Lehmann, F.C. [B.T. 1096], Colombia K000724158 No
Reyna, M.L. [1431], El Salvador K000661466 No
Hartweg, T. [1600], Mexico K000661476 No
Gallardo, C. [140], Mexico K000661510 No
Donell-Smith, J. [2829], Guatemala K000661463 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [6512], Rio de Janeiro K000680807 Yes
Hawkes, J.G. [1973], Guatemala K000661456 No
André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724161 No
Bourgeau, E. [2301], Mexico K000661477 No
Hanbury-Tracy, J. [279], Colombia K000724164 No
Smith, H.H. [265], Colombia K000724162 No
McCarter, P.S. [32], Guatemala K000661467 No
Amith, J. [260], Mexico K000661493 No
Nagata, R.K. [ESA no14943], São Paulo K000680806 No
André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724160 No
Sparrow, M. [VERA 58], Mexico K000661511 No
Hartman, C.V. [514], Mexico K000661517 No
Hartman, C.V. [155], Mexico K000661514 No
Bertero [s.n.] K000680808 Yes
Skutch, A.F. [4120], Costa Rica K000661465 No
Edmondston, T. [s.n.] K000724167 No
Seler, C. [1731], Mexico K000661547 No
Palmer, E. [204], Mexico K000661546 No
Bourgeau, E. [2301], Mexico K000661478 No
Palmer, E. [B], Mexico K000661473 No
Hartman, C.V. [191], Mexico K000661494 No
Orcutt, C.W. [3426], Mexico K000661519 No
Hartweg, T. [1600], Mexico K000661479 No
Orcutt, C.W. [4193], Mexico K000661520 No
Lundell, C.L. [2407], Guatemala K000661453 No
Gentry, H.S. [1486], Mexico K000661461 No
Hughes, C.E. [729], Guatemala K000661462 No
Hassler, E. [12336], Paraguay K000680820 No
Lewis, G.P. [2069], Mexico K000661529 No
Langlassé, E. [411], Mexico K000661548 No
Langlassé, E. [942], Mexico K000661549 No
Vitti, A.N. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680801 No
Williams, L. [12923], Venezuela K000724142 No
Tucker, J.M. [852], El Salvador K000661481 No
Andrieux, G. [413], Mexico K000661486 No
K"ampf, E. [171], São Paulo K000680803 Yes
Tonduz, A. [13569], Costa Rica K000661464 No
Langlassé, E. [241], Mexico K000661539 No
Gaumer, G.F. [33], Mexico K000661483 No
Hawkins, J.A. [12], Nicaragua K000661490 No
Pringle, C.G. [8396], Mexico K000661472 No
Lewis, G.P. [1715], Guatemala K000661468 No
Gaumer, G.F. [1918], Mexico K000661491 No
Hancock, W. [48], Mexico K000661522 No
Boiteau [s.n.] K000680796 No
Spegazinni [?] [48], Paraguay K000680825 No
Valdez, P. [97], Mexico K000661485 No
Calzada, J.I. [19306], Mexico K000661512 No
Hanbury-Tracy, J. [279], Colombia K000724163 No
Linden, J.J. [259], Colombia K000724166 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122226 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813], Vietnam Poinciana pulcherrima K001122227 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122228 Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 5813], Bangladesh Poinciana pulcherrima K001122229 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122224 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122225 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122223 Yes

First published in Observ. Bot.: 166 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
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  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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