Cnestis Juss.

First published in Gen. Pl.: 374 (1789)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa to Malesia.

Descriptions

Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, scandent or ± erect, small trees or woody lianes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or axillary, racemose; racemes often clustered in old leaf-bases on older branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous; androecium and gynoecium dimorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free, valvate or slightly imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals shorter than, as long as, or a little longer than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments free or connate at the base into a short tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5, densely hairy; stigma usually rounded or capitate; ovules basal or on the ventral suture near the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a follicle, usually with a curved or twisted rostrum; dehiscence by the ventral suture; pericarp densely velutinous and pilose externally, pilose internally, the hairs often urticating.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed with a shining testa and a basal aril; cotyledons large, flattened; endosperm present, fleshy.
[FZ]

Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, scandent or otherwise, small trees or lianes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or axillary, paniculate or racemose; racemes often clustered in old leaf-bases on older branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pentamerous, androecium and gynoecium dimorphic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free, valvate or slightly imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals shorter than, as long as, or longer than sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments free or connate at base into short tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels densely hairy, stigma expanded, rounded or capitate; ovules inserted basally or on ventral suture near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a pyriform follicle, the apex usually produced into a curved or twisted rostrum; dehiscence by ventral suture; pericarp densely velutinous and hairy externally, hairy internally, the hairs often urticating
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid; testa smooth and shining, aril free, basal, oblique, thin, not conspicuous; cotyledons flattened; endosperm present, fleshy.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0